Essay on Slavery And The Civil War

Essay on Slavery And The Civil War

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Separate but Not So Equal
In Arkansas and many other states, up until the Civil War period, a divide between black individuals and white individuals existed. After the Civil War ended, the race relations between the two races began to change as slavery was abolished. Along with numerous other southern and previously Confederate states, Arkansas fought to keep divisions between white and black people by means of fighting to keep the color line by finding new ways to go around the abolishing of slavery, and advertisements in the towns of Arkansas. For African Americans, these changes implied that they were not safe, highly unwanted in the state, and, at this point, would never receive equal treatment of any form.
Before slavery was abolished, there was a clear and distinct color line, which was essentially the idea that races could coexist as long as they were separated from one another. At this point in time, Caucasians believed they were superior to African Americans because of their difference in skin color, and could buy African Americans to work for them as their slaves and become their property. This created a distinction between the two races as one race literally owned the other, which further implemented the impression that the Caucasian race was superior. In 1865, the 13th Amendment to the Constitution was passed, and it stated that slavery was abolished. Those blacks who were being held as property were set free and were no longer subject to slavery, but the whites feared that the color line separating the races would become blurred or non-existent. With slavery gone, the main implementation of the color line was gone as well. Arkansas and other Confederate states began to work toward finding new ways to establish and m...


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...between them.
Before 1865, racial relations were easily viewed as whites being a superior race. After the abolishment of slavery in 1865, this viewpoint spiraled toward becoming lost in time. White citizens in Arkansas and other states in the south worked relentlessly to maintain division by lynching, publicly humiliating African Americans, and torturing them until they would leave town. The implications these changes in racial relations had for African Americans compromised their lives, safety, and equality. Although African Americans had been set free from slavery, Caucasians openly fought to keep the old viewpoint of being the supreme race in a torturous way. Nearly a century later, America has grown far from the beliefs held previously and has become much more diverse, celebrating holding equal rights and treatment of all citizens from now and for years to come.

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