The Slave Trade And The Colonization Of The New World Essay

The Slave Trade And The Colonization Of The New World Essay

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1. The conditions in the New World transformed the traditional character of the slave trade because with the discovery a vast majority of land including Mexico and Peru came gold and silver mines. In addition to the gold and silver mines, there were new discoveries like sugar, coffee and tobacco, which lead to an increase in demands for slaves. If it was not for the colonization of the New World, the early slave trade may have ceased to exist after a short period of time due to the decline in demands for slaves in Europe as the population began to expand during the late fifteenth century.
The most popular crop that lead to the expansion of slavery in the New World was sugar. Sugar was an expensive item during the eighth century, primarily used by the wealthy, but soon the cultivation of sugar began to expand off of their derived countries. The popularity of sugar began to increase and soon Africans were described as inhumane creatures which led to Europeans become more active in the slave trade. Gary B. Nash states, “The wife of the poorest English laborer took sugar in her tea by 1750” (34). Although sugar was a rather pricey commodity during the eighteenth century, it became a necessary part of the English diet.
Sugar played an important role in the international trade because “...for the first time an expanding European nation established an overseas plantation society based on slave labor” (33). Europeans were making a vast profit from sugar, which led to the trade between Africans and Europeans to bloom. Africans requested bar iron and textiles, and in return, Europeans received slaves. The international trade was an endless cycle with the addition of slaves and sugar into the formula.

2. The sudden growth of t...


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...r. Nash proves his point on showing that slavery was the initial reason for racism in his last paragraph, “Socially and legally defined as less than people, kept in a degraded and debased position, virtually without power in their relationships with white society” (40). Through the passage written by Gary B. Nash, he implies that without the enslavement of Africans, America would not be what it is today. African slaves were known as the “backbone” of the English colonies since they contributed to the majority of the work and profits in America. In Nash’s last sentence, he concludes, “In this long evolution of racial attitudes in America, nothing was of greater importance than the enslavement of Africans” (40). No matter how much America prospers throughout the years, everything would have been for naught had it not been for the mass enslavement in the past centuries.

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