Contact between Africans and Europeans was minimal because the Europeans could get the raw materials, like gold, ebony, rubber, and later slaves, at the coasts.
The Europeans did not use brutal force to take what they wanted from the Africans because that would have seized all future trade, and they would not have the military power to overtake them until the late 19th century.
The Africans were more or less in charge of trade and could manipulate it to benefit themselves.
Various disease, like sleeping sickness, typhus, typhoid fever, and cholera, were also factors that deterred European settlement.
The Slave Trade and Its Results
Slavery was around before the transatlantic trade and made fairly popular due to war and poverty.
Before the Europeans arrived Africans were involved in slave trade among their own people.
The interest Westerns placed in plantations and plantation life created the high demand for slaves and cheap labor.
The Portuguese were the first Europeans to partake in the slavery business, They had slaves continuously exported to them and invested in sugar plantations.
The estimated number of slaves exported in almost impossible to accurately determine but number vary from 8 million to 40 million or somewhere inbetween.
Slaves were mainly gather from West and West Central Africa and it by no means had an insignificant impact on Africa.
Slave trades benefited some Africans because it lead them to partnerships with the Europeans and they were able to acquire firearms.
Intensification of European Contacts
The European interest in Africa was limited...
... middle of paper ...
...them and it most likely is similar to the land back in Europe. The people, however might have been too much of a drastic change.
The French made them mark and claimed West Central Africa and parts of Central Africa because it was a way of balancing, canceling out, their loss of Alsace-Lorraine in the Franco-Prussian War. The Portuguese claimed Angola and Mozambique as their prize. Italy colonized the Horn of Africa. Similar to the others mentioned, the British felt compelled to have their own piece of Africa. The occupied Egypt along with parts of East and Central Africa so they could compete with other European nations. Ultimately, this specific parts of Africa ended up under possessions because the European countries were power crazed and greedy to be number one. These parts of of Africa had valuable resources that they European powers could benefit from.
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