Since there is no special or one precise type of leader, numerous leadership styles and theories have surfaced. This is because a different situations require different type of leadership styles. In many occasions, leadership theories help to predict the best leadership style to employ in a particular situation. This essay seeks explain why situational leadership theory is useful and relevant in developing an effective leadership culture. It is this writers hope that it can be used as a how to guide to enable managers to be more successful.
The basics of situational leader ship theory is that there is no one best style of leadership. One should choose the best leader ship style according to different factors. Leadership is task relevant but the best leaders are those that adapt their style to the job or task. Also the abilities of their employees. Their education, experience, their ability to take responsibility for the job.
Fiedler’s contingency model
There are different situational leadership theories. One such theory known as Fiedler’s Contingency Model. Allen, Plunkett and Attner (2013) stated that fielder believes that the manager’s situation should determine the leadership style that should be used. Fiedler believed that there are three situational variables that should determine the task or employee focus. These are leader employee relationship, task structure and leader position power.
Leader employee relationship
The leader employee relationship is based on how the leader feels that he is accepted. This is measured by mutual confidences, trust and respect that the leader holds. The best relationships will lead to a manager’s success at inspiring or influencing his staff. While the ...
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...t it will help managers to think about which one they can use to become more successful.
Allen, A., Plunkett, W., & Attner, R. (2013) The Evolution of Management Thinking. Management An Approach to Customer Expectations 10th edition. Publisher Erin Joyner.
Fairholm, M. R., &Fairholm, G. W. (2009).Understanding leadership perspectives: Theoretical and practical approaches. New York: Springer.
Palestini, R. H. (2009). From leadership theory to practice: A game plan for success as a leader. Lanham: Rowman& Littlefield Education. .
Strube, M. J., & Garcia, J. E. (1981). A meta-analytic investigation of Fiedler's contingency model of leadership effectiveness. Psychological Bulletin, 90(2), 307-321. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.90.2.307
Van, W. M. (2005).Dynamics of leadership in public service: Theory and practice. Armonk, N.Y: M.E. Sharpe
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