Mohammed Reza Shah Pahlavi succeeded his father in 1941 and became the Shah, or monarch, of Iran. From the beginning, his people had a distaste for his methods of ruling. Many believed that he was westernizing Iran and forgetting the culture that was so important to them. He was becoming too friendly with the United States and Great Britain, which was a concern for many people. Over the next ten years, the United States and Great Britain would develop the relationship with Iran.
In 1951, Mohammed Mosaddegh was appointed by the Shah as Iran’s Prime Minister. Prior to his appointment into office, Mosaddegh had a strong support throughout the Iranian public. Many even demonstrated on his behalf so that he be appointed as the Prime Minister, even when he had differing views than the Shah. One of the Prime Minister’s main goals was to nationalize Iran’s petroleum supplies instead of giving control to the Americans and the British. This caused the U.S. to oppose his government. Mosaddegh was also supported by the Iranian Communist Party, the Tudeh, which caused the U.S. to fear for his success even more. Many believed that he was leading Iran towards to ...
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...eration Eagle Claw.
On April 24, 1980, 8 helicopters headed towards the embassy in Tehran took off and almost immediately, trouble occurred. First, it was supposed to be dark when the rescue mission entered the country and shortly after take-off, one of the helicopters was left behind due to technical difficulties. Then the team was caught in a sandstorm that they had not anticipated, which forced another helicopter to abandon the mission. Then, another helicopter malfunctioned and the mission had to be cancelled. On the return to the base, a fourth helicopter malfunctioned, collided with another, and killed eight members of the mission. Overall, Operation Eagle Claw was a massive failure and a huge blemish on the Carter Administration’s attempt to retrieve the hostages. Four days later, Cyrus Vance resigned as Secretary of State and was replaced by Edmund Muskie.
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