Sir Tomas More 's Utopia Essay

Sir Tomas More 's Utopia Essay

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Sir Tomas More’s Utopia indirectly criticizes fifteen hundredth European catholic society of corruption, violence, poverty and of inequality. As a lord chancellor to Henry VIII, Thomas More was well aware of these problems and wrote a satire to propose his awareness in a carful manner, as we can see his hesitation to publish the book on his letter to Peter Giles especially when he described his “two minds” (More, 8). To criticize the problems of his times on a safe platform, he created a fictional character Raphael Hythloday, who is wise and knowledgeable of new places from the sailing experience with Amerigo Vespucci. This not only reflects the times in which people stepped out their voyages to the New World but also provides a foil to the European society—the ideal Utopian society of commonwealth.
Thomas More expressed his distress of working in the councils of the king with other counselors through his fictional character Hythloday, who refused to enter king’s service and found no difference between being in service or servitudes to the king (14). He further criticized the counselors of the king as the men who “blurt out the first thought that occurs to him and then devote all his energies to defending his foolish impulse instead of considering the public good” as he compares them to the Utopian officials (45). He provided, in Book I, two scenarios of which the counselors of the king blurting out the ways for the king’s own private exploitation—collecting wealth and causing wars to expand his lands—reflecting the money driven European society.
The result of the money driven European society was the death of the poor whose fate is to starve to death unless they steal. They have nothing to lose, when men of wealth have many to ...


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...because they both discourage private property to the extreme that Hythloday says: “unless private property remains best parts of the human race will be oppressed by burden of anxieties”. The book like George Orwell’s 1984 could also be interpreted as the aftermath of Utopia in real life, because both 1984 and Utopia shared the similar idea that one should be sentenced for punishment when creating a public disorder except that the level of punishment is different; this is shown in Utopia when one zealous Christian was arrested after publicly asserted his religion to other without discretion (85). Last but not least, the idea of Utopia inspired people for a long period of time because the social, economic, and political problem including violence, corruption, poverty and inequality present until now, constantly affecting the life of all mankind to be better and worse.

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