To describe Peter Singer’s main argument for why we have an obligation to help people in need, I will discuss his stance in three main parts. For the first part of his argument, Singer begins with the assumption that any human suffering or death as a result of an avoidable circumstance, such as lack of medical care, food or habitable living conditions, is bad (Singer, 231). Based off our agreement of this assumption, Singer moves on to the second part of his argument to say that if we are fortunate enough to have our basic needs for life fulfilled, then it is our moral obligation to help those who are not as fortunate as long as helping does not result in something happening that is equally as “bad,” which he defines as anything morally wrong or not promoting of moral goodness (231). For the third part of his argument, Singer points out that since it is now within our power to help people from all over the world, we have a moral obligation to give them our aid regardless of their distance from us (232). Because of our modern technologies, we can no longer discriminate against a person based on ...
... middle of paper ...
...on charity that needs to be reconsidered but our own because our current perspective of charity as being a personal choice and not a moral obligation is not in agreement with his original principles (236). In the case of the second objection, I feel that Singer’s response is again successful unless you disagree with his original principles. Putting in the effort to research the legitimacy and effectiveness of a charity is a relatively easy task for those of us with access to the internet and other modern technologies of the world. Because of this, we should include that research process in our duty to donate to a cause.
Peter Singer’s stance on charity as a moral obligation is well thought out and thoroughly explained, such that even objections to his stance can be successfully refuted based on the information in his “Famine, Affluence and Morality”.
Word Count: 1021
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Giving to the Poor In Peter Singer’s Famine, Affluence, and Morality, he critiques the way in which modern societies have grown accustomed to their ordinary thoughts about famine, affluence, and morality in general. Singer describes a situation in which nine million refugees from East Bengal are living in poverty, and it is the responsibility of the wealthy, and better-off nations to take immediate and long term action to provide for them and to end poverty overall. (Singer, 873) Through his essay, Singer envisions a new world where giving to those in need is no longer seen as charity, but rather a moral duty.... [tags: Poverty, Wealth, Morality, Ethics]
1111 words (3.2 pages)
- Peter Singer's paper “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”has made a drastic impact in modern applied ethics. The simple nature of the paper makes for an easy read, yet the point clearly set out by Singer is at ends with the targeted audiences' popular beliefs. Although most will object to Singer's idea by throwing away a basic principle of most moral theories, I wish to deny Singer's solution by showing that the ability to apply Singer's conclusion is not reasonable and does not address the problem's core.... [tags: on poverty and action]
1498 words (4.3 pages)
- This paper explores Peter Singer’s argument, in Famine, Affluence, and Morality, that we have morally required obligations to those in need. The explanation of his argument and conclusion, if accepted, would dictate changes to our lifestyle as well as our conceptions of duty and charity, and would be particularly demanding of the affluent. In response to the central case presented by Singer, John Kekes offers his version, which he labels the and points out some objections. Revisions of the principle provide some response to the objections, but raise additional problems.... [tags: morally required obligations to those in need]
1493 words (4.3 pages)
- In Peter Singer’s “Famine, Affluence and Morality,” Singer makes three claims about moral duty; that avoidable suffering is bad, that it is our moral obligation to help others in need, and that we should help those in suffering regardless of their distance to us or if others are in the same position as we are to help. First, I will elaborate on Singer’s arguments for each of these positions. Next, I will discuss two objections to Singer’s position, one that he debates in his writings and another that I examine on my own, and Singer’s responses to those objections.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Duty, Philosophy of life]
1021 words (2.9 pages)
- Peter Singer is often regarded as one of the most productive and influential philosophers of modern times. He is well-known for his discussions of the acute social, economic, and political issues, including poverty and famines. In his “Famine, Affluence, and Morality”, Singer (1972) discusses the problem of poverty and hunger, as well as the way this problem is treated in the developed world. Singer believes that charity is inseparable from morality, and no distinction can be drawn between charity and duty.... [tags: charity, philosophy, duty]
1102 words (3.1 pages)
- Peter Albert David Singer was born on the 6th of July 1946 in Melbourne Australia. Singer is an Australian moral philosopher. He is a utilitarianist that specializes in global issues and is an activist for animal rights. Best known for his book “Animal liberation” (1975) and his article “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” (1972) that is used in ethic classes all over the world. Peter Singer at this time is a Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University, and a Laureate Professor at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics at the University of Melbourne.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Philosophy of life, Aesthetics]
789 words (2.3 pages)
- In the article by Singer, P. (1972) “Famine, affluence, and morality” main argument is that to persuade his readers in what people of wealth and governments should help with famine relief, especially in East Bengal as one example given. Singer is furthermore also mention somewhat of and utilitarianism. Therefore, according to Mosser, K. (2010) “A concise introduction to philosophy” states that the “act utilitarianism applies the idea of utilitarianism to specific acts, emphasizing what moral is what produces the greatest good for the greats number…contrast with rule utilitarianism” (2010, Glossary).... [tags: Singer, wealth, charity, aid, East Bengal]
890 words (2.5 pages)
- “Famine, Affluence, and Morality” In “Famine, Affluence, and Morality,” Peter Singer is trying to argue that “the way people in relatively affluent countries react to a situation… cannot be justified; indeed,… our moral conceptual scheme needs to be altered and with it, the way of life that has come to be taken for granted in our society”(Singer 230). Peter Singer provides striking examples to show the reader how realistic his arguments are. In this paper, I will briefly give a summary of Peter Singer’s argument and the assumptions that follow, adding personal opinions for or against Peter’s statements.... [tags: Peter Singer]
2018 words (5.8 pages)
- Peter Singer states two principles on the effects of famine, affluence, and morality which he feels that everyone should abide by. The first argument made is that lack of food, shelter and medicine is bad and can lead to feeling pain and death. I for one, could agree on this assumption just by analyzing it carefully. We see Singer on his thesis elaborate the causes of famine within East Bengal in 1970s. As governments and individuals within the world see the massive flooding’s and mismanagement of food issuing one hopes that we all as a society could take action to help stop such suffering and act on a situation like the impaired damage that happened with East Bengal.... [tags: Morality, Ethics, Human, Religion]
904 words (2.6 pages)
- Peter Singer, the author of Famine, Affluence, and Morality is an Australian philosopher who wanted to end suffering and death. Not only is Singer a philosopher he is a utilitarianism defendant. Singer argues about people suffering from death, lack of food and shelter, and medical care is bad and how it can be prevented. He also, argues that we could help to prevent this from happening. Singer explains the issues that are going on in the world but, he particularly focuses on East Bengal because, “constant poverty, cyclone, and a civil war had turned at least nine million people into destitute refugees.” After he listed each way these issues could be prevented or not caused at all he then t... [tags: Poverty, Wealth, Utilitarianism, Food security]
735 words (2.1 pages)