TAKE SOME BAUDELAIRE...
Of course we cannot begin a discussion of the work of Simmel and Benjamin without mentioning the influence of the poet Baudelaire, whose observations and writings in the mid-19th century on city life informed both Simmel and Benjamin’s perspectives of the modern condition, and resultingly their sociological approach to its examination. For Baudelaire, life in the metropolises of 19th century Europe – Berlin, Paris, London, etc – was an experience informed by the crowd; the masses that flocked to the cities; that filled the streets and walkways; of multifarious shape, form and grade. While some responded with dismay and disdain to such a mass (Engles and Poe), Baudelaire allows the experience to wash over him, refraining from such a critical perspective but observing with interest and describing within his works the interactions and dances between people. The observer watches the dance of variety; of the many; of the mass – he is the flâneur (Benjamin 1973: 128).
The flâneur is the well-to-do gentleman with time on his hands, who strolls, who wanders casually the streets of the city drawing in the display of the crowd – of variety, juxtaposition, of change....
... middle of paper ...
...omes one on meaning – something that contrary to some notions can be found by looking at pieces of modernity – through an interpretative perspective. Modernity is thus redeemed – Utopia is still in sight.
Benjamin, Walter, 1973, Charles Baudelaire: A Lyric Poet in the Era of High Capitalism, London, New Left Books, pp. 120-131; 157-158
Buck-Morss, Susan, 1993, ‘Dreamworld of Mass Culture’ in Levin, David (ed), Modernity and the Hegemony of Vision, Berkley, University of California Press
Clark, Nigel, 1999, Lecture Notes: Georg Simmel and Walter Benjamin, University Of Auckland
Craib, Ian, 1997, Classical Social Theory, Oxford, Oxford University Press, Ch. 10 Frisby, David, 1985 ‘Georg Simmel: First Sociologist of Modernity’ in Theory, Culture
and Society, Vol. 2, No. 3 Simmel, Georg, 1950, The Sociology of Georg Simmel, New York, The Free Press, Ch. 4
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel: The Relationship between Society and the Individual Each of the four classical theorists Marx, Weber, Durkheim, and Simmel had different theories of the relationship between society and the individual. It is the objective of this paper to critically evaluate the sociological approaches of each theory to come to a better understanding of how each theorist perceived such a relationship and what it means for the nature of social reality. Karl Marx noted that society was highly stratified in that most of the individuals in society, those who worked the hardest, were also the ones who received the least from the benefits of their labor.... [tags: Marx Weber Durkheim Simmel Sociology Essays]
3473 words (9.9 pages)
- The problem of modern leisure has, throughout the years, been a well-discussed topic among many sociologists. Sociability, in this case, is one of the most universal forms of leisure that will be discussed in this essay. The theoretical framework for this discussion is provided by the sociological insights of Georg Simmel (1858-1918) as he argues that the “tumult of the metropolis” (cited in Frisby 1989, p80) creates inner barriers between people and suggests that “sociability” can surpass this problem.... [tags: Sociology]
547 words (1.6 pages)
- 1. Introduction. While Simmel is generally not regarded as being as influential in sociology as were Marx, Weber, Durkheim, or even Parsons, several of the early United States sociologists studied with or were influenced by Simmel. This was especially true of those who developed the symbolic interaction approach including writers in the Chicago school, a tradition that dominated United States sociology in the early part of this century, before Parsons. Georg Simmel (1858-1918, Germany) was born in Berlin and received his doctorate in 1881.... [tags: essays research papers]
2851 words (8.1 pages)
- Order for Sociology Degree - Modernity Module Introduction In metropolitan areas urban sociology is the sociological research of life and human interaction and their role in the growth of society. Urban sociologists use statistical study, as well as immigration, financial side, scarcity, race relations and style. Modern urban sociology creates from the work of sociologists such as Max Weber and Georg Simmel who intentional and put forward the economic, social and intellectual development of urbanization and its consequences.... [tags: Human Interaction, Growth of Society]
2279 words (6.5 pages)
- The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin was not an easy book to read. Writing styles have changed tremendously since the 1700’s. Despite the cultural differences I learned a lot about the man and the time. Benjamin Franklin was a remarkable man. He was a printer, author, politician and an inventor. He was one of fifteen children in his family. Because he was from such a large family he was sent out to work at a very early age. He only had a few years of grammar school education when he started working in his fathers business.... [tags: Book Report Benjamin Franklin Essays]
824 words (2.4 pages)
- Benjamin Franklin Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston on January 17, 1706. He would be the tenth out of seventeen children that his father, Josiah Franklin, would have. His father had plans for Benjamin to join the clergy when he came of age and was sent to grammar school to prepare. He would excel in reading at a very young age but would find that he could not master math so easy. He would be at the grammar school for less than a year before his father would come to terms with not being able to support a college education for Benjamin and supporting the rest of the large family.... [tags: Benjamin Franklin American History Essays]
2821 words (8.1 pages)
- Benjamin Franklin In his many careers as a printer, moralist, essaylist, civic leader, scientist, inventor, statesman, diplomat, and philosopher, Benjamin Franklin Became both a spokesman and a model for the national character of later generations of Americans. After less than two years of formal schooling, Franklin was pressed into his father's trade. At the age of 16, Franklin wrote some pieces in a courant,"Silence Dogwood." Though penniless and unknown, Franklin soon found a job as a printer.... [tags: Biography Biographies Benjamin Franklin Essays]
432 words (1.2 pages)
- Sociology is a field which developed over a millennia ago, but it was not until the nineteenth century that it came into the fore as a bona fide social science, in need of its own classification apart from other social sciences. Sociology, 'the study of the process of companionship';(pg.396, Ambercrombie,Hill,Turner), is a discipline, which is not exclusively independent in and of its self, yet borrows from many other disciplines such as: history, geography, and anthropology. 'American sociology is fundamentally analytical and empirical; it proposes to examine the way of life of individuals in the societies … prefers to explain institutions and structures in terms of the behavior... [tags: Sociology Essays]
1491 words (4.3 pages)
- Sociology Miss Rowbotham Education Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education in society A) Explain what is meant by ‘streaming’. (2 marks) Streaming is when you organise children into different classes in school depending on their ability. B) Give two examples of ways in which the school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric. (4 marks) The school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric as they only teach main culture/religion subjects and they do not give children a broad education.... [tags: Sociology Essays]
641 words (1.8 pages)
- Intro to Sociology When asked about transsexuals, Mildred Brown, author of True Selves quoted that it is a “dilemma of feeling trapped in the wrong physical gender.” Transsexuality is a phenomenon, which really has not been scientifically examined. Through talk shows such as Jerry Springer, Jenny Jones or the Maury Show, society tends to see a one-sided view on this matter. While watching the Maury Show, “Man or Woman”, the audience’s reaction to the transsexuals on stage were not of disgust but more of awe.... [tags: Sociology Essays]
979 words (2.8 pages)