3. Since Matthew and Luke are not modern day biographies, they do not follow the standard that we imagine. I think the explanation for the combination of similarities and differences comes from the fact that the Matthew and Luke are styled differently and also have different audiences. Since Matthew and Luke are interpreting history for a specific audience, this would explain why Matthew and Luke contains differing details. For example, Matthew tells of the Wise Men that came to visit Jesus in Matt.2:1-12 while Luke tells of shepherds that came to visit Jesus in Luke 2:8-20. Since Matthew is styled for a Jewish audience, perhaps it is considered more impactful and stunning that wise philosophers came to worship a child. On the other hand, Luke, a gospel for the gentiles, shows that the shepherds, the low class, receive a great honor of receiving a message from the Angel of the Lord about Jesus, the son of God. This is merely one example of the contrasting differences, but I don’t think the accounts contradict each other.
The passages in the gospels are not necessarily written ...
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