Similarities Between Jeremy Bentham And Karl Marx 's Ideas About The Natural Human Rights

Similarities Between Jeremy Bentham And Karl Marx 's Ideas About The Natural Human Rights

Length: 1885 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

In the following content I would talk about the differences and similarities between Jeremy Bentham and Karl Marx’s ideas about the natural human rights. I would clarify that Bentham is favouring the democratic political system in his writings and Marx is bending to a social and collective political system.
In those two years of negotiations on the Declaration of Human Rights and Citizen, the philosophical concepts of Liberalism and Marxism have created disputes between the liberal west and the socialist east. Both of them used to be relevant but the political actors transformed these two philosophical ideas into an ideological project. The natural law is matter of the liberalism which is coming in a direct contradiction to the Marx’s principles of collectivism. The Bentham’s vision is to create a utilitarian law code which would be human centred in order to avoid suffering and the negative thoughts that the human is facing whereas for Marx this movement is considered to be a process of turning the man into an egoist creature and only looking for himself.
Marx used to write during some intense times between the Empires in Europe and when the aristocracy has been overthrown by the bourgeoisie which used to be in a continuous growth, therefore Marx considers that mixing the social classes will end up with the abolition of classes, with no mean of who the leader is. I would add that in his view the state should have the division of labour based on the power relations between the citizen and the government. The individual concept should not exist whiting a Marxist state because this concept is likely to jeopardize the integrity and the well function of the state.
On the other hand, for Bentham we can live without a government but w...


... middle of paper ...


...ssive gap and at the same time a big mentalities difference. Marx considers the liberty as being something closely related to the equality among the man who must take part of a collective society. He also says that in a collective state the security should have the highest level in the civil layer. On the other hand Bentham considers that the man is free and only the laws can guarantee his liberty not the other people around him as in the case of Marx.
In my mind I would come along with a counter argument and say that the man is born free and equal and I don’t really think he needs a government or any other kind of law in order to make him sure of his right or to make him happy. We are born alone therefore we will always be alone and we will need to take care of us, alone, with no somebody else’s help because even if we are going to ask for it will be limited.




Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Karl Marx : The Great Philosopher Essay

- Karl Marx is considered one of the greatest philosopher in history. Conflict Theory The most influential socialist thinker of the 19th century is Karl Marx. Karl Marx is known for studying the conflicts that occur between different classes. Karl Marx has introduced some radical ideas and theories to society through his writings. As the industrial revolution moved forward in society, so did the widening gap between class structures. Karl Marx studied the differences arising between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat people....   [tags: Communism, Marxism, Karl Marx, Socialism]

Strong Essays
1163 words (3.3 pages)

Charles Darwin And Karl Marx Essay

- The 19th century was full of revolutionary individuals seeking a higher knowledge and understanding of the way life and society operated. Two such individuals were Charles Darwin and Karl Marx. Each being masters of their own trade, Darwin was a scientist interested in the topics of natural history and the origins of species; while Marx was a philosopher who explored sociology, political history, and economic history. Over time, Darwin eventually became universally recognized as the father of the idea for natural selection and evolution, explaining these theories in a novel entitled The Origin of Species....   [tags: Marxism, Sociology, Karl Marx, Species]

Strong Essays
1278 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Adam Smith And Karl Marx

- Adam Smith and Karl Marx are undoubtedly two of the finest economic minds of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries respectively. Karl Marx was a revolutionary political philosopher and believed that those with means would invariably use their power to exploit the working class beneath them, and viewed communism and revolutions as an eventuality brought about by this rift between rich and poor. Adam Smith posited that individuals should own the means of production and reinvest said capital for the betterment of society, a system that he believed would allow equal opportunity for gaining wealth....   [tags: Capitalism, Karl Marx, Free market, Adam Smith]

Strong Essays
1114 words (3.2 pages)

The Theories Presented By Karl Marx And John Locke Essay

- While not exactly identical, the theories presented by Karl Marx and John Locke surprisingly compliment one another. In the most extreme case, we could even argue that in the absence of Locke’s theories to form a precedent, Marx’s ideas would also be non-existent. They both hold baseline assumptions that power is maintained by the people, and that this power can be exercised by the collective cooperation of people. In this essay, we will examine the unique connection and compatibility which can be inferred from their works....   [tags: Marxism, Communism, Karl Marx, Working class]

Strong Essays
1192 words (3.4 pages)

Karl Marx 's The Emperor 's New Groove Essay

- KARL MARX Many see Karl Marx as simply the writer of The Communist Manifesto: a man with a nuance of ideologies which are often times deemed, at the least, radical. Marx, however, had several intuitive and insightful thoughts on the economic analysis of capitalism in American society. Marxist methodology also contains key insights to our environmental relationship with earth and nature as well as our personal and cumulative interactions with available resources and our place(s) as humans....   [tags: Karl Marx, Communism, Marxism, Conflict theory]

Strong Essays
769 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on Karl Marx

- Karl Marx Karl Marx was the greatest thinker and philosopher of his time. His views on life and the social structure of his time revolutionized the way in which people think. He created an opportunity for the lower class to rise above the aristocrats and failed due to the creation of the middle class. Despite this failure, he was still a great political leader and set the basis of Communism in Russia. His life contributed to the way people think today, and because of him people are more open to suggestion and are quicker to create ideas on political issues....   [tags: Karl Marx Biography Essays]

Free Essays
2015 words (5.8 pages)

Comparing Plato 's The Republic, Adam Smith 's Wealth Of Nations, And Karl Marx

- See the Future in the Past Comparing texts and ideas from different time periods can help to bolster a previously existing claim or open the reader up to new avenues of thought. This can be seen in the cross-examination of Plato’s The Republic, Adam Smith’s The Wealth of Nations, and Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto. Studying the similarities and differences between these ancient philosophical ideas and Enlightenment ideas reveals economic behaviors that have persisted through time. In this essay, I argue that the natural state of economic affairs outlined by Plato and Smith must take Marx’s warnings of its flaws into account in order to develop systems and programs that respect and work...   [tags: Karl Marx, Communism, Economics, Marxism]

Strong Essays
1237 words (3.5 pages)

The Effects of Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto on Human Values Essay

- The Effects of Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto on Human Values What was it like living in the times before the Communist Manifesto was introduced to society. What kind of affect did this document have on the values of the average family. How did it influence the values of the individual. Sometimes these values where affected in a way that does not come directly from the release of the Manifesto but instead vicariously through other events brought on by the document. Overall, an interesting topic to look at is what it meant to be human in the 1840’s....   [tags: Karl Marx Communist Manifesto Essays]

Strong Essays
1413 words (4 pages)

Karl Marx and His View on Religion Essay

- Karl Marx and His View on Religion Karl Marx, the founder and main advocator of his Marxist philosophy, wrote the Communist Manifesto in 1848. This document was the basis for all of his thoughts and ideas of the world at the time being. One of the major topics that he spoken on was how religion affected the society and how it was an institution that was not actually necessary to exist. Marxist VS Religion Marx saw religion as an evil that existed in society and that it brought down all the people that believed in that religion....   [tags: Marx Religion Religious Essays]

Strong Essays
1190 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Karl Marx

- Most people think of communism as a bad thing. Karl Marx would disagree. He formed the basic ideas of communism in his writings. He argued that communism was the eventual government that formed out of many unsuccessful governments. Many modern communists either use his ideas or use parts of his ideas to form their own. Karl Marx is the true father of communism. Marx was born in Trier, Prussia on May 5, 1818 (Beales). His family was Jewish, but his father converted the family to Protestantism when Marx was born....   [tags: Biography Communism Marx]

Strong Essays
1108 words (3.2 pages)