The Ancient Greeks and Romans both began their histories as city-states. The Greeks and Romans had many famous leaders. In Greece, Socrates was a Greek Philosopher who created the Socratic Method. Plato and Aristotle were other Greek philosophers. Pericles ruled Athens and strengthened democracy. Philip of Macedon was the first person to unite Greece into one large empire under one ruler. Alexander The Great became the ruler of Greece after Philip died. Philip was Alexander’s father. In Rome, there were many famous leaders, including Augustus and Julius Caesar. Augustus was the first emperor. In Rome, the Gracchus Brothers were patricians who were elected tribunes. In Rome, they had a group of three powerful men who were called Triumvirate. The Romans and Greeks had different religious beliefs. Pope was the head of the Roman Catholic Church. Romans were polytheistic. The Greeks worshipped many gods. Eastern Orthodox Christianity is the dominant religion in Greece. The Romans adapted the Greeks gods and goddesses as their own. The Greeks and Romans had many achievements.
The Greeks science achievements include Pythagoras and Democrit...
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...oman 's dependency on slave labor led to the decline in morals, values and ethics. The treatment of slaves led to rebellion and several Servile (Slave) Wars. In the later centuries, the attitude towards slaves changed. The number of slaves declined. Some of the major causes for the decline in Greece were Constant Wars and Greek Colonies. Constant Wars were very costly. Greek colonies around the Mediterranean knew about Greek culture but were not loyal to Greece.
The famous leaders, achievements and decline of Greece and Rome have had its significance. The Greeks and Romans had a huge impact at the time and their achievements have changed history. Some of the achievements are still in use today. Their cultures are very different, but they also share similarities like how they both declined due to Constant Wars. Their cultures have had many contributions to society.
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