Similarities Between Greek And Roman Architecture Essay

Similarities Between Greek And Roman Architecture Essay

Length: 1827 words (5.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Have you ever seen or visited the Capital building, Washington or amphitheater of Arlinton, Virginia or Cabin John bridge of Washington aqueduct? If an answer is yes, then have you ever think that how we come up with this type of buildings? These all buildings’ basic structures are based on the Greek and Roman cultures’ architecture. Historical records of Western culture in Europe begin with Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome. Roman culture was very inspired from the Greece culture and they had used very basic ideas to build buildings and temples, to portrait sculpture. They modernized and improved their architectures and sculptures in decorative way and made a separate image in the world.
There are differences and similarities between Greek and Roman architecture because the Romans built on the earlier Greek knowledge but invented from there. Roman architecture was highly influenced by Greece, but the Romans also diverged to create a separate identity and uniqueness. Similarities between Greece and Roman architecture are usage of three columns: Doric, Ionic and Corinthian. According to Benton, the Doric column is the oldest and simplest of three columns, frequently used by Greece when The Ionic order is characterized by the scroll/volute capital –graceful and curling and the Corinthian order is the most ornamental, most favored by Roman (63). For instance, the Parthenon, made by Greece, is an example of the Doric column and the Pantheon, built by Roman, is an example of the Corinthian column. Willie includes in his post, “Greeks tended to support the roof of their buildings with a post-and-lintel system in which two beams holds up a third, horizontal beam” (1). The Romans perfected the use of the arch, which added decorative effe...


... middle of paper ...


...ulture, they also have made distinct contributions. Greece and Rome have also made tremendous contributions to our civilization with art and architecture. The Greeks invented the column and the Romans took these Greek features with some of their own, such as a strong new concrete concept, dome and arches and created marvelous structures. The Roman and the Greek gods seem to relate to each other. A similarity between the two mythologies is that the symbols and designations of powers are the same in the two. The differences are present in the date of creation. Also, for both mythologies we don’t know where and how were they created because there is more than one story that describes their beginning. The sculptures are more creative in Greek than Roman. Thus, Roman followed some basic ideas of Greek and Greek and Roman share a great distribution in the history of world.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Different Ideologies of Both Roman and Greek Architecture

- The different ideologies of both roman and Greek architecture have been disputed for many decades. These great feats such as the Flavian Amphitheater and the Parthenon help distinguish the two cultures. The amphitheater was built for the roman people’s entertainment. The Parthenon was built to appease the Greek goddess Athena. Just by looking at their purposes it is easy to see how their cultures varied. However, it is important to also look into the architectural components to further analyze. The Flavian amphitheater and the Parthenon are both examples of classic roman and Greek architecture....   [tags: The Parthenon, The amphitheater ]

Better Essays
1685 words (4.8 pages)

Classical Architecture: An Everlasting Imprint Essay examples

- Architectural style that was developed by the ancient Greeks has had such an influence on many world civilizations that it surrounds us even to this day. The symbolism that this architectural style has represents power, dignity and recognition that is everlasting throughout generations. The Romans particularly skilled at concrete construction were intrigued by this style and incorporated this technique into their very own building and temple structures. El Paso High School located in El Paso, Texas is a representation of how powerful of an influence ancient Greeks and Romans have had on cultures around the world....   [tags: Architecture]

Better Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)

Greek And Roman Structures Built During The Roman Empire Essay

- There is extensive overlap between Mediterranean cultures, such as the Etruscans, Greeks and Romans, due to their close proximity to each other. As a result, the monumental architecture of these societies share common characteristics, some of which are adopted from previous societies. The axiality of Etruscan architecture greatly impacted the construction and orientation Roman structures built during the Roman Empire. The massive proportions and prominent colonnades of Greek temples also reappear later in Roman temple, illustrating the connection between the two cultures....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Rome, Augustus]

Better Essays
999 words (2.9 pages)

Ancient Greek Theater Architecture Essay

- Ancient Greek Theater Architecture Many aspects of ancient Greek theaters have long been studied and debated. Much of the information about these theaters is based on speculation due to the fact that so little of them still exist today. This lack of remnants especially applies to the architecture of the early Greek Theaters. However, through archeological finds and years of studying the people, the plays, and the architecture of the time, we are able to make many conclusions about these early structures....   [tags: Architecture History]

Better Essays
2138 words (6.1 pages)

Greek Architectural Practice And Plan Essay

- Greek architectural practice and plan has the aptitude to connect different cultures together over time and space. Greek architecture refers to the architecture of Greek speaking people who occupied the Greek landmass. Greek architecture springs from c. 900 B.C.E to the first century C.E. Greek architecture inclined Roman Imperial architecture supports and joins many Greek fundamentals into its own practice. The Altar of Zeus, Pergamon was created in the early third century BCE after the disintegration of Alexander’s empire....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Ancient Greece, Roman Empire]

Better Essays
705 words (2 pages)

The Similarities And Differences Between Ancient Egyptian Architecture Essays

- Dating back to the earliest civilizations, man has erected structures that exemplify the cultural ideals of their time. These architectural creations lent themselves as gathering places for religious ceremonies, venues where business and commerce were conducted and places where people met to socialize and for entertainment. From the great Ziggurats and Temples of the Mesopotamians and Persians, we can also see the similarities in ancient Egyptian architecture. The scopes of the architecture built by these cultures were massive....   [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Rome]

Better Essays
1594 words (4.6 pages)

Classical Greek Architecture Essay

- Classical Greek Architecture The reuse of older art works in contemporary times is not an uncommon occurrence, and many examples can be seen throughout the day as one goes from place to place. Even when one is browsing through the World Wide Web can many uses of older art and architecture be seen, as with the example shown. This image was found on the internet at the American Express homepage (http://www.americanexpress.com/student/), which functions as a resource for college students to find access to many commercial advertisements about discounts and products relevant for students....   [tags: Greece Greek Essays]

Better Essays
1285 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Greek and Roman Architectural Influences in Modern Society

- ... It took up one side of the courtyard and had a grand front porch and vestibule. Other than the megaron in the courtyard, the only other difference between the two periods was that in the Mycenaean Period, the rooms of the palace were much smaller and more compact, again resembling the practicality of Rome’s architecture instead of the grandness and beauty of Grecian architecture. (Reid 26) Around 1200 BC came the end of the Mycenaean Period as Greece began the so-called “Dark Ages”. Not much is known of what actually happened in Greece at this time, except the possibility of a succession of poor, warring separate states each enjoying a lower material standard of life than what had preva...   [tags: temples, doric style]

Better Essays
1320 words (3.8 pages)

Classical Roman Art Vs. Early Christian Art Essay

- Classical Roman Art Vs Early Christian There are many similarities and differences between Classical Roman and Early Christian Art. What particularly stands out to me is how much these two cultures have in common when it comes to their art and architecture. Romans were geniuses when it came to engineering and we can see that in the monuments they left behind. Many early Christian architectural styles and ideas were adopted straight from the Romans. Their communities became organized geographically much like those of the Roman provincial governments....   [tags: Hellenistic, architecture]

Better Essays
871 words (2.5 pages)

Roman vs. Greek Civilization Essay

- Roman vs. Greek Civilization Although both Roman and Greek civilizations shared similarities in the areas of art and literature, their differences were many and prominent. Their contrasting aspects rest mainly upon political systems and engineering progress, but there are also several small discrepancies that distinguish between these two societies. This essay will examine these differences and explain why, ultimately, Rome was the more advanced civilization of the two. Greece, originally ruled by an oligarchy ("rule of the few"), operated under the premise that those selected to rule were selected based not upon birth but instead upon wealth....   [tags: Persuasive, Argumentative, History]

Free Essays
323 words (0.9 pages)