According to Morey, Carthage “was originally a colony of Tyre, and had come to be the capital
of a great commercial empire on the northern coast of Africa.” (Morey, 1901, para. 2). Rome and
Carthage shared some traits, which I discuss in the following paragraphs.
The first similarity was in the structure of the states’ governments. For example, the government
of Carthage similarly to Roman government, had two chief magistrates, a council of elders, and
an assembly. The corresponding structures in Rome, respectively, had two consuls, the Roman
senate, and the Roman comitia (Morey, 1901). But those similarities were only structural.
Functionally they differed significantly. In real life, only a few wealthy families were the real
power in Carthage. Politically they differ too. In contrast with Rome, Carthage did not include
their subject states into the state.
Another distinction was the management in Carthaginian army. While Rome elected her generals
every year, Carthage had a perm...
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