Many of the signs of American Sign Language are combinations elements of two or more signs that are modified to create new meanings. Compounds are hybrids of two or more signs and generally use only elements of its component signs. There are two varieties of compounding that are usually found in American Sign Language, sequential compounding and simultaneous compounding. Sequential Compounds are composed of two individual sign demonstrated one right after the other to convey a meaning. Typically the two signs are used to create a shorter phrase than individual signs would present, in the gesticulation, the signs are enacted with a fluid transitional movement that may cause the loss of some motions that are present in the individual signs. Endocentric Compounding, one of three varieties of sequential compounding, one of the two signs presented carries the majority of meaning with in the compound. Exocentric Compou...
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...ay and give. These signs move towards a referent of locus. These verbs can be moved in a direct or indirect manner and follow the word order structure of American Sign Language. Depending on the sentence the gesture moves from the referent to the signer of the signer or the referent. In the case of the signed statement ‘I see you’ the verb motion travels from the signer to the referent and for the statement ‘You see me’ the signed verb moves from the referent to the signer.
Most conjunctions do not have a separate sign with in ASL. Words such as ‘and’ do not have an individual sign, often phrases are signed with a pause between each separate statement or are simply listed. There is also a style of indexing in which the number of topics or items on a list are indicated with the non-dominant hand while the dominant hand signs and marks each off on the non-dominant hand.
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