In TEFL domain, we know that language learning is affected by
Many factors, such as cognitive and Affective factors that it is sometimes called intrinsic factors.
For being a successful learner, we should not just pay attention to one of these. Recently,
Affective variables have taken much interest. They are described as” emotional side of human
behavior” (Brown, 2000, p. 143) and they include many components, such as motivation,
anxiety, Inhibition, self-esteem, self-actualization, self-assessment, risk-taking, empathy, and
extroversion. Research domains abound with these factors, but self-esteem has taken much more
attention of scholars and it has many related names, for instance, self-confidence, self-image,
self-concept, and self-perception. It is also significant for me as a TEFL MA. Student, and as a
teacher because I experienced it by myself and in my classes with my students.
Self-esteem has been defined by many scholars. As Murk (cited in Rubio, 2007, p. 3) states
that it is “impure phenomenon”. According to Chastain (1988) “self-esteem means that the
student knows his capabilities and accepts himself as he is” (p. 169). Brown (2000) refers to
self-esteem as self confidence, knowledge of yourself, belief in your own capabilities for the
activity, concept of self, and the self-evaluation ( p. 145). In his another book, he terms it as “I
can do it” or “person’s belief in his or her ability to accomplish the task” (2001, p. 62). “People
derive their sense of self-esteem from the accumulation of experiences with themselves and with
others and from assessment of the external world around them” (Brown, 2000, p. 145).
THE SIGNIFICANT ROLES OF...
... middle of paper ...
...oach to language pedagogy.
New Jersy: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.
Chastain, K. (1988). Developing second language skills theory and practice. Florida: Harcourt
Knanafani, J. K. (2009). The importance of building students’ self-esteem in language learning.
On going teacher training, 44, 31-34. Retrieved from http://www.crdp.org/crdp/Arabic/ar-
Kazumata, K. (1989). Roles of self-esteem in second language oral production performance.
Retrieved from http://www.tuj.ac.jp/tesol/publications/studies/vol-27/kazumata.html
L, K. (2012). The improvement of foreign language teachers’ affective variables in universities
for ethnic minorities. doi: 10.5539/elt.v5nlzp70
Rubio, F. (2007). Self-esteem and foreign language learning. UK: Cambrige.
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