The conch is a symbol of democratic power at the beginning of the story. First, it is used to gather the boys. Ralph blows the conch to assemble them (Golding 12). Gathering the people so that they can share their views, debate and vote is essential to a functioning democracy. As a result, the conch is fulfilling this prerequisite. In addition, it used to grant speaking privileges at meetings. Ralph explains this at the first meeting "I'll give the conch to the next person to speak. [ ] And he won't be interrupted."(31) Therefore the conch achieves another prerequisite of democracy which is to give everyone the chance to voice their opinions and concerns. But what is democracy without the power to back it? The conch is a symbol of power for the elected leader, Ralph. When the boys vote for the leader, one of them votes by saying "Him with the shell"(19). Thus, it is the conch which symbolises power to the boys; they vote for it and its holder. In short, by gathering the people, giving them the right to speak and symbolising power; the conch represents democracy. However, it does have enemies.
Jack, his tribe and his tools, such ...
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... To sum up, the conch slowly looses its power to Jack and his tribe who first oppose it, then ignore it and finally destroy it; and any hope of democracy on the island is shattered by authoritarian rule.
It is clear through the symbolism shown in the book that the conch represents democratic rule. On the other hand, Jack's tribe and their tool, rocks, represent rule by force. By slowly removing power from the conch and eventually destroying it, we can see that democracy on the island does not have a chance against rule by force. In our world, an example of this would be Hitler who took advantage of the German people's poverty and need during the great depression to topple the democratic government and install authoritarian rule. Golding shows us this same thing through Lord of the Flies; democracy will loose to fascism if there is serious trouble or great need.
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