Sigmund Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in Freiberg, Moravia, which is now a part of the Czech Republic. Freud was the first born of eight children, but he also had two step brothers from his Father’s previous marriage. His Father was married three times, the first two in which he was widowed. His third wife however was Freud’s mother, Amalia Nathanson. She was nineteen when she wedded his father who was thirty-nine at the time. Freud 's stepbrothers were the same age as his mother Amalia, and the older stepbrother 's son, which was Sigmund 's nephew, was his playmate growing up. So you could say that Freud grew up in a very atypical family structure, his mother being halfway in age between him and his own father. Even though seven other younger children were born, Freud was clearly his parent’s favorite. When he was only four, the family moved to Vienna, Italy. () Nine-year-old Freud entered the Leopoldstädter Kommunal-Realgymnasium, a proficient high school in Vienna. He excelled profoundly and graduated from the Matura in 1873 with several honors. He loved reading and was fluent in German, French, Italian, Spanish, English, Hebrew, Latin and Greek, respectively. () Freud would stay in Vienna his whole life until the year before he died.
In 1882, at the age of 26, Freud began his career in the medical field at the Vienna General Hospital. He decided to perform research work in cerebral anatomy which led to the publication of his seminal paper on the palliative effects of cocaine in 1884. His work on aphasia would create the foundation for his first book: On the Aphasias: a Critical Study, which was published in 1891. Over a span of three-years, Freud worked in several departments of the Vienna hospital. He spent much t...
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...d as president. Freud’s work began to be translated into English by Brill beginning around 1909, and many of Freud’s followers began to resign from the International Psychoanalytical Association to found their own schools, such as Adler.
Freud’s later life was also rough, in 1923 he had a growth in his mouth which soon became cancerous, when it was removed, he bled during and after the surgery. It has been said it is a miracle Freud did not die from this bleeding. In 1933 the Nazis had took hold and began burning Freud’s books. Soon after in May/June of 1938 Freud fled to London for safety, helped by a friend within the Nazi party who had studied at Vienna University. By 1939 Freud’s cancer had increasingly become worse and soon decided that it was time for him to pass, so on the 23rd of September at 3 am he passed away after being administered doses of morphine.
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