Freud drew the attention of the relationship between the conscious and the unconscious mind in psychology. This is one of Freud’s best contribution to psychology. He illustrated the mind as an iceberg, which the most visible part is almost always smallest part of the iceberg. He drew on this more in 1923, introducing id, ego, and superego. Freud himself called it “the psychic apparatus.”
The id consist of two different biological drives called Eros and Thanatos. Eros dealt with living instincts which encouraged humans to reproduce. This drive to reproduce is also known as libido. Thanatos is the counterpart of Eros. Thanatos is the self-destructive side of id, which manifest itself as aggression. Freud held that Eros was stronger than Thanatos, which is why people would rather survive than the alternative.
The ego stems from id during infancy, working to satisfy the id in an acceptable way. The superego develops later in childhood and makes sure that the mind stays moral. Sometimes, id and superego conflict with each other on their principles. This is where the ego steps in and mediates between the two. The ego also puts out defense mechanism to protect i...
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... guilty about by inventing scenarios where they aren’t to blame. Freud also touched on displacement. Displacement is when they replace the object with something else to ease them from the guilt of the said product. If you were frustrated with your significant other, you probably dream them as something else and harm it, rather than dream them and harm them. In your mind, this frees you from the guilt behind harming your significant other.
Freud’s work is still applicable today but isn’t impervious to criticism. The boldest criticism is about the Oedipus complex. It is widely accepted that there is no evidence linking to the Oedipus complex and sexual development. There has been criticism about his limited sample size. Freud only analyzed himself, his patients, and a little boy famously called Little Hans. Even so, Freud is still an icon in the psychological world.
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