In the past years psychology has used the method acting of science to come to some clearer and less ambiguous understanding of human being nature. Personality is the bailiwick within this scientific psychology that written report individuals. How is someone different from another, or are people fundamentally similar rather than different? How can we understand the moral force that motivates us to act in one way or the other? How do we develop from childhood? (Cloninger, 2009) Innovator of psychology, Sigmund Freud , Carl Jung, Alfred Adler etc. were influential thinkers, early founders, and significant contributor to the Bodoni font science of psychology (Goodwin, 2008).Although their theories were distinct, they were passionate about their enterprise , and never settled with conclusion - their entire lives were spent in earnest search for better intellect of the human psychological fragilities and their betterment (Goodwin, 2008).This essay will systematically and critically compare two major theoretical positions on personality which are psychoanalytic and Alder’s approach as related to their explanation of human motivation.
Personality can be defined as psychological qualities that contribute to an individual’s enduring and distinctive patterns of feeling, thinking and behaving (Cervone & Pervin, 2008). On the other hand, human motivation is explained by our attempts throughout our lives to satisfy these basic instinctual drives the form taken by this gratification of our instinctual needs typically changes with age. Personality theories may function as philosophy, science and art. As scientists, personality theorists develop hypotheses that help us understand human behaviour. As philosophers, they explore what it means to be ...
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...f personality and psychology as a whole, though their views and opinions varied their contributions remains the essential foundations of modern science. But yet there are still similarities between them which is the fact that they believed that motivation was a driving force in a child 's development, on the other hand, Alder disagreed with the theories of sexual motivation and psychosexual development as suggested by Freud (Putman, 1917) rather he believed that self-reflection is the primary motivator (Alder & Fleisher, 1988). Adler focused on social factors for his theories, however Freud focused on internally held forces, including sexual motivation (Goodwin, 2008). The two theorists have bought exceptional views to the study of personality psychology and will certainly carry on to have a great impact in the progress of personality psychology study in the future
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- In the past years psychology has used the method acting of science to come to some clearer and less ambiguous understanding of human being nature. Personality is the bailiwick within this scientific psychology that written report individuals. How is someone different from another, or are people fundamentally similar rather than different. How can we understand the moral force that motivates us to act in one way or the other. How do we develop from childhood. (Cloninger, 2009) Innovator of psychology, Sigmund Freud , Carl Jung, Alfred Adler etc.... [tags: Sigmund Freud, Psychosexual development]
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