The field of psychology known as Psychodynamic theory, deals with the mind. The conscious and the unconscious thoughts and how a person feels. It suggests that the developmental stages of childhood and how they are dealt with has an influence on the person a child will become in later life.
Although Sigmund Freud is considered the father of Psychoanalysis, before him Josef Breuer, born 1842, had worked with a patient known as Anna O. Anna, real name Bertha Pappenheim, came to Breuer, suffering from various symptoms including partial paralysis, headaches and hallucinations. These symptoms developed whilst caring for her father as he was dying. Anna received treatment from Breuer from 1880 to 1882, during which time it was found that by talking to Breuer about what she was experiencing, Anna’s symptoms eased.
Breuer shared his findings on the case with Freud, who found it to be very interesting and together the men wrote a book in 1895 called studies on hysteria.
Sigmund Freud was born in 1956. In the 1990s he developed his theories on psychoanalysis. In 1909 he published a paper Analysis of a Phobia in a Five year old boy. This paper was based on a case study he conducted “Little Hans”. Hans was a small boy who had developed a phobia of horses. Freud did not meet with Hans personally, but instead worked on information given to him by Hans’ father. The reports Hans father gave him suggested that the boy was interested in his penis and those of others. From the ongoing correspondence Freud came to the conclusion that Hans was afraid of horses as they had large penises. Freud had formulated his Oedipus complex which applied to males and the Electra complex applying to females by this time and used his theory to ap...
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...uddenly begin at age5 or 6, Kohlberg suggests that the development of morality is a gradual process that begins in childhood and continues to develop into adulthood.
Psychodynamic theory is not able to be tested scientifically and has relied on case studies for any results. All of which have been subjectively interpreted by the analyst.
Freud’s work has been criticised as being biased towards one gender and the focus of his theories that males are superior as they have a penis and females don’t is biased in favour of males.
Whilst Psychodynamic theory has its critics, it cannot be denied that it is certainly helpful in some cases, examples of cases where psychoanalysis is helpful are, people who have been abused, people suffering from eating disorders and those in need of family therapy. All of which are sadly all too prevalent in today’s society.
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