Eskedal, G. A., & Demetri, J. M. (2006
Freud focused largely on narcissism, obsessiveness, and dependency in his early speculations regarding problematic personality functioning (Birgenheir & Pepper, 2011). Eskedal & Demetri (2006) offer a condensed list that combines and operationalizes obsession-compulsion disorder, which, more than its Cluster C compeers, has a distinguished hundred year heritage, tracing its origins to Freud’s 1908 paper entitled Character and Anal Eroticism. Freud lays out the beginnings of obsessive-compulsive neurosis by using results and consequences that are thera...
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...ividuals live (Horney, 1920). According to Horney, it is the parent who arouses the obsessive-compulsive neurosis child’s perception of the world as showing it as unstable (Pollak, 1979). Horney stated that obsession-compulsion disorder symptoms arose when individuals began feeling isolated, afraid, helpless, or hostile (Horney, 1920). Pollak (1979) states that while obsessive-compulsive neurosis is a relatively rare phenomenon, obsessive-compulsive personality (anal structure) is not. On the other hand, parsimony develops from the continuation of the infantile tendency to retain feces, both because of the erotic pleasure that accompanies retention and because of the fear of losing the overvalued product (Pollak, 1979). Pollak defines the term obsessive-compulsive disorder as it appears to be the preferred term insofar as no etiologic assumptions are implied by them.
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