One main problem Dowden states on psychoanalysis is that you cannot psychoanalyse unless there is a psyche. This means that you cannot apply psychoanalysis on any fictional literature and characters. However, for Greek myths, someone at some point created and told the story and eventually recorded the story down. Dowden believes that myths only provide a glimpse of what the lifestyle in the past was like. He states that the meanings behind the myths vary between person to person and time to time and the only way psychoanalytic interpretation can work is if the myth is universal and remains relevant in today’s society (Dowden, 1992, pg. 22). While his point of view is valid, Freudian analysis does attempt to analyse the meanings behind the myth during the era it was written...
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...ds myth is different from Freud’s view and his psychoanalysis approach. Psychoanalysis can be applied to literature and characters in the same way it is applied to dreams. For Freud, taboo desires and fears are expressed through dreams and myths. As evident in many Greek myths, many of these stories often deal with Freudian themes, such as incest and parricide. Although Dowden has some relevant points, his criticism of Freud’s theories and how psychoanalysis is useless is not entirely correct. As with any theory, Freud’s views is not perfect but it does provide an imperative way of explaining what the myths are trying to tell us and how people back then thought. Freud’s psychoanalysis has provided a way to analyze myths and explore the writers and characters mind. His theories proved to be useful and can be applied to myths and characters, contrary to Dowden’s views.
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