Sigmund Freud 's Psychodynamic Theory Essay

Sigmund Freud 's Psychodynamic Theory Essay

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Sigmund Freud’s Psychodynamic Theory suggests that human behavior and personality is influenced by unconscious motives. In the early 1900s, Freud proposed this theory, stating that the personality consists of the id, the ego, and the superego. Psychodynamic psychologists see behavior as a compromise between the three areas of our psyche. These psychologists study human behavior by looking for deeper meanings in peoples’ thoughts and actions. Today, many of Freud’s ideas have been criticized for being too abstract and objective, but that does not mean that his work is without merit. The Psychodynamic Theory has redefined patient-therapist relationships and our understanding of thought processes and response patterns.
According to the Psychodynamic Theory, the id is responsible for biological urges, such as thirst and hunger. The id operates on the pleasure principle, which mean that it wants immediate gratification. The ego, however, operates on the reality principle and attempts to make compromises between the unreasonable demands of the id and the practical constraints of society. The superego, on the other hand, operates on the morality principle. The superego makes a distinction between what is right and what is wrong; in other words, it is our conscience. The superego acts to civilize behaviour and works to suppress all unacceptable all urges of the id. Failure to resolve the conflicts between the three areas of our psyche leaves a person anxious and fixated.
Defense mechanisms work at an unconscious level to help the ego when it feels threatened and to alleviate unpleasant feelings, such as anxiety. An example of a defense mechanism is repression. It is an unconscious mechanism that keeps disturbing thoughts from coming int...


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...apist’s purpose for this therapy is to extend consistent, warm, unconditional positive regard toward his or her clients. The goal of person-centered therapy is to develop a sense of self where clients can realize how their feelings, attitudes, and behavior are being negatively effective. The relationship between therapist and client is important to our understanding of the psychodynamic theory because it can demonstrate the manner in which the client interacts with others. For example, the client may transfer feelings that he or she has for a parent to the therapist and it could illustrate the effects childhood or adolescent relationships on adults. Psychodynamic therapy is centered around revealing unconscious desires and discovering unconscious motives behind our actions so these therapists encourage clients to speak freely about their emotions, desires, and fears.

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