Essay on Sigmund Freud And Carl Jung

Essay on Sigmund Freud And Carl Jung

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Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung both defined the world of psychology. Both based their theories on that the mind has a conscious and unconscious levels. The both also thought that dreams needed to be interpreted. Both divided the human psyche into three parts. There are many more differences/disagreements in their theories. Freud defined the human psyche as the id, ego and superego. The id is our unconscious drive (sex). The id is not bound by morality but only seeks pleasure. The ego is our conscious perceptions (memories and thoughts) enable us to deal with reality. The superego is the filter for the id to keep socially acceptable behaviors. Jung divided his human psyche into the three parts of ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious. According to Jung the ego is the conscious. The personal unconscious is the perception of memories (recalled and suppressed). The collective unconscious holds all of our experiences and knowledge of the human race.
They also disagreed on dreams. Freud believed that dreams are a person’s deepest desires (sexual). Jung believed that dreams could have different meanings and were based upon the individuals association. One of the biggest disagreements was on sex and sexuality. According to Freud sexuality repressed and expressed was the driving force behind behavior. Jung thought that Freud placed too much focus on sex and sexuality. Instead he described what drives us is a life force. They had different views on human motivation. Freud sexuality was everything within our psyche. Jung on the other hand thought that Freud was too focused on sex. His theory was that our “life force” was the driving force in motivation.
Adler called his theory “individual psychology” because it focuses...

... middle of paper ...

...ived a meaningful life. Failing this stage leads to feelings of bitterness, despair, sadness, anger, regret and that their life was wasted.
When comparing theories of Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, and Erik Erickson there is one prominent similarity. This is that Jung, Adler and Erickson drew inspiration from Freud’s theories. Each of them interpreted his theories differently and ended up with their own individual theories there are several similarities. The theory of the ego was dominate through Freud, Jung and Erickson. Erickson’s stages were based on Freud’s his theory on stagnation in the adulthood stage is similar to Jung’s theory of midlife crisis. Furthermore, Erickson’s psychosocial stages along with Adler’s birth order, and inferiority/superiority complexes can be seen. Each of these theories seem to build upon each other when looked at as a whole.

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