Sigmund Freud And Carl Jung Essays

Sigmund Freud And Carl Jung Essays

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Both Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung are famous psychologists that focused on personality. These two men have defined and shaped psychology. In the beginning, Freud and Jung had a deep friendship and shared many ideas. After thirteen long years of working together, Jung developed several new theories and starts to disagree with Freud in certain areas in the field of psychology. Later, they have begun to develop their own individual ideas and drop their friendship. The three specific areas that Jung disagrees with Freud on being the unconscious mind, the role of sexuality and the subject of dreams.
Freud and Jung each had an important attitude on the subject of the unconscious mind. In the early days they generally agreed with each other. Then, as time went on they begin to argue and arrange their own individual theories (Lagasse, 1). Freud observes that the human mind centers around three structures the identity, the ego and the superego (Marcovitch, 2). He suggests the identity is a basic inborn drive, which seeks pleasure and challenges to avoid pain (Marcovitch, 2). In other words, the identity is the one’s character and uniqueness. He studies the ego and believes it is the realistic part that balances personality and conscience (Marcovitch, 2). He interprets ego as one’s self-image and sense of self (Lagasse, 1). Freud continues clarifying the superego as a moral or ideal of who we want to be (Marcovich, 2). In other words, Freud believes the unconscious mind is broken into three parts, and each fragment plays an important role (Marcovich, 2). Jung agrees with Freud that the human mind does divide into three structures (Marcovich, 2). However, he believes in a different way that the unconscious centers on the ego, the personal unc...


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...aginations (Jacobson, 3). In other words, Freud develops a theory that dreams come from the individual’s thoughts and personality, and Jung develops a theory that dreams are just symbolic imagery and have no true meaning.
During sleep, Freud states the mind is in a state of censorship (McLeish, 5). He believes a dream an individual is having is a representation of wishes from the unconscious that are not accessible in a waking state (McLeish, 5). In other words, the individual’s unknown desires that are stored in the mind get expressed in their sleep. For Jung, he states, dreams are just a main source of knowledge through symbolism, such as natural and spur-of-the-moment parts of the unconscious (McLeish, 5). Freud does agree with Jung that dreams can be interpreted through symbols, however; he believes the dream has something to do with the individual (McLeish, 4).

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