Sigmund Freud, Abraham Maslow, And John B. Watson Essay

Sigmund Freud, Abraham Maslow, And John B. Watson Essay

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There are many famous psychologists that have changed the way psychology is viewed today. These psychologists developed everything from theories, perspectives, mechanisms, biological and environmental influences to behavior, treatments that have saved the mentally ill community and has given psychologically disturbed individuals a different view into the world of their disorders. Sigmund Freud, Abraham Maslow, and John B. Watson are three psychologists that have helped develop a science and have developed three different theories.

Sigismund Freud was born on May 6th, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia, Austrian Empire or our now known Czech Republic. He later changed his name to Sigmund Freud and was also given the Jewish name of Schlomo. Sigmund Freud, who identified himself as a scientist more than a psychologist received his medical degree in 1881 at the University of Vienna where he moved to when he was four years old. Later that year, he married and with his wife had six children including Anna Freud who later went and became a psychologist who helped made contributions to the treatment of abnormal behaviors related to psychological disorders. After graduating, Freud began doing his research and started treating patients with psychological disorders. He was inspired by one of his colleagues from the University of Vienna named, Josef Breuer, who was showing signs of abnormal behavior with his previous occurrences. This is where Freud became aware of the unconscious and how someone’s behavior is affected drastically by the unconscious experiences in the mind. Freud and Breuer went on to write a published version of their theories and later separated due to Breuer not agreeing with the other research and theories that Freud was discove...

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.... In Watson’s novel Psychological Care of Infant and Child published in 1928, he stated how he believed that the behavior of affection toward a child can result in a dependent and needy personality from the child. He believed that the action of treating these children like adults was a better approach (Watson, 1928). Even though his novel did well, there was a chilling reaction from readers towards Watson’s approach. With the negative reactions that Watson received toward some of his approaches and theories, these behaviorist approaches are still used today by mental health professionals to help individuals cope with fears and phobias that they face.

Psychology is made up of many different approaches and theories. Sigmund Freud, Abraham Maslow, and John B. Watson helped create this science with the researching of everything from behaviors to a humans sexual desires.

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