Building a nation… Slavery, Independence, Constitution, Military coups to Presidential elections! Senior Enlisted leaders, it is important to know that the freedoms we all prefer comes with a cost of sacrifice, bloodshed, and for some, nation before self for democracy. This essay will discuss the background, government, strategic importance, and future direction of Sierra Leone.
Sierra Leone is located on the West Coast of Africa, its history dates back to 1462 when a Portuguese explorer named Pedro da Cintra detailed his adventures along the coast and came up with the name “Sierra Lyoa” meaning Lion Mountains (the Sierra Leone Web, 2011). There are three provinces and sixteen ethnic groups in Sierra Leone. In the late 1490’s, sea traders opened a bay for trading goods such as swords and other household utensils in exchange for gold, beeswax, ivory, and cam wood. By the mid 1550’s, slaves replaced those items as the major commodity. Though the Portuguese were among the first in the region and their language formed the basis for trade, British seafarers built Forts to protect trade partnership with West Africans. British philanthropists founded the "Province of Freedom" in 1787, which later became its capital, Freetown. A naval base built in Freetown to eliminate the patrolling of slave ships passing Sierra Leone. In 1833, Parliament passed the Emancipation Act abolishing slavery (the Sierra Leone Web, 2011). Sierra Leone achieved independence from Great Britain on 27 April 1961. With the background of Sierra Leone outlined, now a discussion of its government.
The government of Sierra Leone operates under a constitutional democracy, similar to that o...
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...lations with Sierra Leone. Retrieved from http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5475.htm - (Bureau of African Affairs, 2014)
AFRICOM. (2014, March). Sierra leone. Retrieved from http://www.africom.mil/about-africa/west-africa/Sierra-Leone - (AFRICOM, 2014)
Council on Foreign Relations. (1999, July 7). Lomé peace accord. Retrieved from http://www.cfr.org/sierra-leone/lom-peace-accord/p23751 - (Council on Foreign Relations, 1999)
the Sierra Leone Web. (2011). History. Retrieved from http://www.sierra-leone.org/ - (the Sierra Leone Web, 2011)
the Sierra Leone Broadcasting Service (2002). Afrc press release. Retrieved from http://www.sierra-leone.org/AFRC-RUF.html - (the Sierra Leone Broadcasting Service, 2002)
The World FactBook. (2014, March). Sierra leone. Retrieved from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sl.html - (The World FactBook, 2014)
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