In 2000, 192 United Nations states and 23 international organizations agreed “The Millennium Development Goals” (MDGs). The MDGs provide eight development goals(Appendix 1) for the international community to work towards aeradicating extreme poverty, reducing child mortality, fighting disease epidemics such as AIDS, and developing a global partnership by 2015.
This seminar paper will consider and examine the impact that international aid agencies and organizations have on the health and welfare of woman and children within Sierra Leona for the purpose of this seminar paper the focus will be on UNICEF.
Sierra Leona is located in West Africa with an estimated population of over 6.5 million that covers an area over 27,699 sq miles. Despite being a country rich in mineral resources, the vast majority of its people live in adverse poverty. It is one of the poorest countries in the world. In 2009 the Human Development Index (HDI) ranked Sierra Leon 158 out of the 169 nations.
Life expectancy is reduced as a result of adverse conditions. The World Health Organisation (WHO) report from 2008 placed the life as 39-years old for men and 42 for women.
The recent civil war has affected the lives of many families, with thousands of casualties and two million individuals displace many of which are children. Many atrocities were committed mass raped, murder, child abduction. Another brutal occurrence was the amputation of the hands and feet of women and children to deter government support. Many people died from the wounds or infections the ones that survive have little or no support resulting in a generation of people diminished capabilities to provide and care for themselves or the families.
The health situation is cri...
... middle of paper ...
...ever poor infrastructure and social structures, made worse by the civil war, are underfunded and surrounded by corruption and apathy. All of which place significant constraints on successful outcomes. Given the disparity or wealth and reported endemic social and political issues, should the global community feel less moral responsibility to provide aid?
However despite the poor conditions and dangers international aid agencies and organizations still work within and contribute to the wellbeing of the families and children of Sierra Leone.
These conditions are not unique to Sierra Leone developing countries across the world are suffering similar circumstances. A recent Government progress report on the MDGs highlighted the importance of central and local governments, and the needed for economic growth to reduce poverty hunger and increase employment levels.
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