The Siege Of Leningrad During World War II Essay

The Siege Of Leningrad During World War II Essay

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The Siege of Leningrad is one of the most deadly and largest artillery battles of World War II. The Siege will claim nearly two million lives including innocent civilians. Two million more will be captured or wounded. Taking place from September 8th 1941 to January 27th 1944, the battle will last eight hundred and seventy-two days (The Siege of Leningrad, 2014). Some reports suggest that over one hundred and fifty thousand artillery shells shot from German Artillery positions into and around the city. The opening of the Eastern front caused Germany to shift some of its forces from Europe to invade the Soviet Union and the eventual loss of the war.
The Siege of Leningrad is a battle between Germany and The Soviet Union, with little involvement from Finland on the side of the Axis Powers. The Finish forces commanded by Marshall Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim held a position just north of the city (The Siege of Leningrad, 2014). Marshall played a defensive role holding area lost during the war between, Soviet Union and Finland who refused to take part in the battle. The German North Army, commanded by Field Marshall Wilhelm Ritter Von Leeb, ultimately lost the battle. Marshall Georgy Zhulsov the commander of the Soviet Army in Leningrad, is able to deny German advances into the city and with the help of the local population is able to sustain until help arrives (The Siege of Leningrad, 2014).
The Siege of Leningrad takes place in the Eastern Front of World War II in the Soviet Union. The war takes place from September 1, 1939 to September 2, 1945. The fighting is in Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. The major Axis Powers included Germany, Italy, Japan, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, and Finland. The forces are against th...


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...upplies made its way to Leningrad over the frozen Lake Ladoga and by barges when the lake was not frozen. Not all attempts were successful, due to German air and artillery attacks. Attempts to support Leningrad with supplies were also made by the building of a road, more than 200 miles long to Zaborie. However, many parts of the road were impassable due to snow or being too steep for trucks, allowing limited supplies to reach Leningrad.
On January 14, 1944, Russian Red Army forces launched the Leningrad-Novgorod Strategic Offensive to end the siege of Leningrad. “Commands consisting of the First and Second Baltic Fronts, the Leningrad and Volkhov Fronts, brought the strength of 822,000 troops supported by 10,070 Russian guns, 385 tanks and 370 planes” (Scott, 2015), giving the Red Army an overwhelming advantage and the retreat of the German Army Group North.


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