Euthanasia is the intentional killing of a person in order to relieve pain and suffering. The debate over the legalization of euthanasia is one of the most contentious and controversial issues in the world today. While some countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg and the American states of Oregon and Washington have legalized euthanasia, the majority of countries still oppose euthanasia due to the various issues, both ethical and practical, it creates.
There are three main types of euthanasia: voluntary, non-voluntary and involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia refers to a situation in which a person of sound mind requests to die. Non-voluntary euthanasia is when a person is unable to make the decision as to whether they wish to die and so an appropriate person makes the decision on their behalf. Examples of this situation could include a child who may be mentally or emotionally able to make the decision, but is not old enough in terms of the law, so the decision is made on their behalf. This situation can also arise if the person is of low intelligence, unconscious or a baby. Involuntary euthanasia is often considered as murder and occurs when a person chooses life but is killed anyway. An example of this would be a doctor switching off a patient’s life support despite them wishing to live. The main area I am focusing on is voluntary euthanasia, as this is the only form of euthanasia which is legal, or currently being considered for legalization.
Euthanasia can be carried out in four main ways: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia, indirect euthanasia and assisted suicide. In active euthanasia the patient 's death is deliberately caused; active euthanasia is caused...
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...ountries where it has been legalized. I believe that we are breaching human rights by not allowing people to make decisions that affect only themselves. The level of suffering and distress experienced by patients and their families contemplating euthanasia are impossible for outsiders to comprehend; therefore this decision should be able to made by those directly involved, within a well regulated system of controls.
It would be beneficial for voluntary euthanasia to be legalized as the arguments in favour of outweigh the negatives associated with it. Its proper implementation can be seen in places such as Oregon, where the problems raised by its opponents have not been observed in practice, due to proper laws and regulations being enforced. The global, national and personal perspectives have led me to believe that voluntary euthanasia should be legalized.
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