Should Stimulant Medication be Used in the Treatment of ADHD? Essay

Should Stimulant Medication be Used in the Treatment of ADHD? Essay

Length: 1099 words (3.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Of all the different treatments, stimulant medications work to change the brain chemistry to that seen in a brain lacking any psychological disorders. This makes them very effective as it gets to the root of the problem, as compared to therapies that try to mask the problem. The FDA approved stimulant medication affects neural transmitters in the brain, allowing for the neural pathways to work more efficiently. With the neurons firing correctly, the symptoms of ADHD are reduced. There is also other non-stimulant medications used to treat ADHD, but these are less commonly prescribed and less effective than the stimulant medication (Facts About ADHD). These are mainly used if the patient is against using stimulants or if the patient is experiencing too many side effects from the stimulants. For individuals with ADHD, the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine are reabsorbed back into neurons during reuptake, before the neural message is successful. Stimulant medication increases the neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine and block reuptake, which allows for successful neural transmissions (Silverstein, 61). There are different stimulants that act in opposite ways. There is methylphenidate and there is amphetamine. Methylphenidate stimulant medications primarily focus on blocking the reuptake of neurotransmitter. They then increase the release of dopamine and norepinephrine. Amphetamines are exact opposites. They primarily focus on increasing the release of dopamine and norepinephrine. Secondarily, they focus on blocking the reuptake of the neurotransmitters. Both methylphenidate and amphetamines are extremely successful in the treatment of ADHD. Neither type is considered better than the other; instead, it is dependen...


... middle of paper ...


... in the treatment of ADHD.


Works cited
"Data & Statistics." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 12 Dec. 2011. Web. 14 April 2014.
DSM-IV. (n.d.). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV).
Mayes, R., Bagwell, C., & Erkulwater, J. L. (2009). Medicating children: ADHD and pediatric mental health. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University. Print.
Mayo Clinic. (n.d.). Mayo Clinic. Retrieved April 14, 2014, from http://www.mayo.edu/research.
National Institute on Drug Abuse. (n.d.). National Institute on Drug Abuse. Retrieved April 14, 2014.
Spielberger, C. D. (2004). Encyclopedia of applied psychology. Oxford: Elsevier Academic Press. Print.
Ratey, N. A. (2008). The disorganized mind: coaching your ADHD brain to take control of your time, tasks, and talents. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. Print.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Childhood Disorders: ADHD Medication Essay

- According to the National Institutes of Health attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is one of the most common childhood disorders (NIH, 2008). All Children show the same symptoms as they are clinically related, although children with ADHD show symptoms more severe and frequent. Children diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder should take medication as a part of treatment because it helps control the associated side effects of inattentiveness, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. The first reason a child should be treated with a medication is to control inattentiveness....   [tags: Functions, Chemicals, ADHD Symptoms]

Free Essays
475 words (1.4 pages)

Illegal College Adhd Stimulant Distributors : Characteristics And Potential Areas Of Intervention

- With the tremendous pressure college students everywhere face in the form of heavy workloads, hectic schedules, and tough competition among peers, many of them turn to chemical aids in order to improve their concentration and motivation levels. “Adderall is classified as a stimulant drug containing a mix of amphetamine salts, dextroamphetamine and levoamphetamine; this drug prescribed in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy” ("Adderall: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects & Safety Info.")....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1412 words (4 pages)

Essay about ADHD Children and Cocaine in Disguise

- ADHD Children and Cocaine in Disguise According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately five million children between the ages of three and seventeen were diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactive disorder as of 2008. That is about eight percent of school children within the United States; however, males are about two to three times more likely to have ADHD than females. As confirmed by the National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH), about 56 percent of children diagnosed with ADHD as of 2003, were given stimulants (Mental Health in the United States: Prevalence of Diagnosis and Medication Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder --- United States,...   [tags: stimulants, health, damage, conditions]

Strong Essays
1998 words (5.7 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Essay

- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Introduction Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), once called hyperkinesis or minimal brain dysfunction, is one of the most common mental disorders among children. (Elia, Ambrosini, Rapoport, 1999) It affects 3 to 5 percent of all children, with approximately 60% to 80% of these children experiencing persistence of symptoms into adolescence and adulthood, causing a lifetime of frustrated dreams and emotional pain. There are two types of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: an inattentive type and a combined type....   [tags: ADHD Disorders Health Essays]

Strong Essays
1686 words (4.8 pages)

Essay about Prevalence of Stimulant Abuse on College Campuses

- Examining the prevalence of stimulant misuse and abuse among college students is crucial to understand how widespread this growing problem is. Understanding the extent of stimulant misuse can lead to better education among college students about the dangers of illicit stimulant use and the potential risks and side effects. In studies done at the University of Michigan and the University of Rhode Island, it was found that many students had used prescription stimulants illegally at one point or another in their lifetime, and found access to drugs such as Adderall very easy to obtain....   [tags: Drugs]

Strong Essays
1298 words (3.7 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) Essay

- Parenting is something that no-one person is an expert and that no expert can tell you how to do it. If a person’s child is an absolute angel, does nothing wrong, and gets straight A’s; parenting still is difficult. When a child has a disorder such as ADHD (Attention deficit hyperactive disorder), the child needs much more from the parent than most parents bargain for. Parenting roles for a child with ADHD change greatly; from the time that a parent needs to spend helping the child tie their shoe, or taking the child out for a run in the park....   [tags: ADHD ADD Parenting Essays Papers]

Strong Essays
1555 words (4.4 pages)

ADHD: Diagnosis, Treatment, Etiology, and Treatment Outlook Essay

- ADHD: Diagnosis, Treatment, Etiology, and Treatment Outlook Attention Deficit with hyper activity Disorder commonly known as ADHD is classified as a disruptive behavior disorder usually diagnosed in childhood. ADHD is the most commonly diagnosed behavior disorder of childhood. It appears to be more common in boys than it is girls. This Disorder is more common in boys than in girls and approximately five in one hundred children are affected (Busing). There are three subtypes: Predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, predominantly inattentive, combined hyperactive-impulsive and inattentive (most children have the combined type of ADHD)(nimh.nih.gov).The age of onset of ADHD is usually in presc...   [tags: Psychology ]

Strong Essays
1976 words (5.6 pages)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ( Adhd ) Essay

- Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, more commonly referred to as ADHD, is a behavioral disorder that affects about 7.2% of children under the age of 18 worldwide and nearly 9.5% of children in the US (CHAAD). ADHD is diagnosed by the observation of a reoccurring group of behaviors such as inattentiveness, abnormal hyperactivity and impulsivity. A child must have a history of these behaviors and their effects must cause significant impairment in order to be diagnosed. This impairment can manifest itself in academic performance, family life, personal relationships and everywhere in between....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1607 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about Children With Adhd And Adhd

- Children with ADHD to medicate or not to medicate Not all children are created equal when it comes to the issue of how children should behave. Some children who have a difficult time in certain areas are considered highly hyperactive. Hyperactivity is defined as, “Extremely active or too active, affected with or exhibiting hyperactivity; broadly more active than is usual or desirable” (“Hyperactive,” n.d). Parents often battle with the decision of whether to get their child tested for the reasoning of the hyperactivity overload of not being able to sit still for a short period and the inability to focus on certain task....   [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]

Strong Essays
1525 words (4.4 pages)

Children and ADHD Medications Essay

- Children and ADHD Medications What is attention deficit hyper disorder. ADHD is a “chronic condition that affects pre-school or very young school children (Zivkovic 3822). ADHD symptoms are difficulty sustaining attention, impulsive behavior and hyper activity (3822). There was a research conducted by Cordest hat ADHD prevails in 3 to 5% of preschoolers and is more common in boys than in girls (3822). Children as young as three and four years of age are being diagnosed with ADHD and are being given medications....   [tags: chronic condition, treatment, behavior, parents]

Strong Essays
1297 words (3.7 pages)