Essay on Should Euthanasia be Legalised? A moral Perspective

Essay on Should Euthanasia be Legalised? A moral Perspective

Length: 1753 words (5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Introduction
The purpose of this paper is to consider and critically analyse the arguments, both legal and moral, in regard to legalising euthanasia, engaging with the ethical theory of deontology. This paper will provide an outline of the definition of euthanasia and associated terms, such as passive and active, involuntary and voluntary, as well as define and demonstrate deontological theory with regard to the topic. It will be demonstrated that the consequences of proposed euthanasia laws, though they have not come to pass, have certainly caused the debate of ethical and legal issues and thus, it is proposed that euthanasia should not yet be legalised. This argument will be supported with examples from Oregon’s Death with Dignity Act, as well as incorporate statistics found in a study of end-of-life decisions in six European countries published in 2003. This supporting evidence will assist in demonstrating that if the practice becomes legal without control measures and adequate safeguards in place, it will become easy for accidental deaths to occur, thus making euthanasia a legally and morally wrong option.
Legalising Euthanasia
Ethical Concepts and Legal Definitions
Prior to outlining the right or wrong of legalising euthanasia, it is imperative to firstly discuss the concepts and definitions. Euthanasia is largely defined as the deliberate omission of treatment with the intention of hastening or ending a life, in order to relieve unmanageable pain and suffering (Sanders and Chaloner 2007, 42). There are subdivisions to this definition; passive and active. Active euthanasia is the deliberate intervention to end a person’s life through means such as a lethal drug, whereas passive is the notion that it is permissible to withhol...


... middle of paper ...


...2014. doi: 10.1136/medethics-2011-100268
Garrard, E, and S Wilkinson. 2005. “Passive euthanasia.” Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (2): 64-68. Accessed April 18, 2014. doi: 10.1136/jme.2003.005777
Harris, NM. 2001. “The Euthanasia Debate.” Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps 147 (3): 367-370. Accessed April 18, 2014. Doi: 10.1136/jramc-147-03-22
Quadrelli, Carol. 2014. “JSB175 Social Ethics and the Justice System: Week 3 lecture notes.” Accessed April 19, 2014. http://blackboard.qut.edu.au/webapps/portal/frameset.jsp?tab_tab_group_id=_4_1&url=%2Fwebapps%2Fblackboard%2Fcontent%2FlistContent.jsp%3Fcourse_id%3D_111276_1%26content_id%3D_5139484_1
Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy. “Deontological Ethics.” Last modified December 12, 2012. http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-deontological/#DeoTheMet
Grayling AC. 2001. “The Last Word on Suicide.” n.p.: Weidenfeld.



Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Should Euthanasia be legalised in Australia?

- The term Euthanasia is derived from the Greek roots, taking the words ‘eu’, meaning good or well, and ‘thanatos’, meaning death, to create the term “good death ”. (Definition of Euthanasia . 2011) The term ‘Euthanasia’ is not defined specifically within Australian Legislation, however the generalised definition states that Euthanasia is intentionally taking another person’s life by the means of a direct action or depriving a person of the medical care needed to preserve life. (Euthanasia: What Does It Really Mean....   [tags: Ethical Issues, The Australian Law]

Term Papers
2093 words (6 pages)

The Case Against Euthanasia Essay

- A recent survey by the Canadian Medical Association discovered that “ . . . 44 per cent of doctors would refuse a request for physician-assisted dying . . . ” (Kirkey 2). Euthanasia is defined as assisting a terminally ill patient with dying early. In many countries the legalization of this practice is being debated in many countries. All doctors against assisted suicide, including the 44 percent in Canada, are on the right side of the argument. Euthanasia should not be legalized because it is unnatural, it violates the Hippocratic Oath, and laws are to extensive....   [tags: doctor assisted suicide, ethics]

Term Papers
897 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Should Voluntary Euthanasia Be Legalized?

- Should voluntary euthanasia be legalized. Euthanasia is the intentional killing of a person in order to relieve pain and suffering. The debate over the legalization of euthanasia is one of the most contentious and controversial issues in the world today. While some countries such as the Netherlands, Belgium, Switzerland, Luxembourg and the American states of Oregon and Washington have legalized euthanasia, the majority of countries still oppose euthanasia due to the various issues, both ethical and practical, it creates....   [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Medical ethics]

Term Papers
2492 words (7.1 pages)

Should Euthanasia Be Legalized? Canada? Essay

- In this paper, I will argue that active euthanasia should be legalized in Canada. There are several reasons for maintaining this position. First of all, passive euthanasia is morally equivalent to active euthanasia. Secondly, an individual has the right to choose what should be done with his/her life. And finally, euthanasia provides the greatest amount of happiness for those involved i.e. it brings peace to a suffering patient and his/her family. To help strengthen this position, I have chosen to use a critique method of all of the premises in each paragraph....   [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Medical ethics, Coma]

Term Papers
1557 words (4.4 pages)

Should Euthanasia be Legalised Essay

- Should Euthanasia be Legalised This essay will explore several different and varied opinions about whether or not euthanasia should be legalised. Euthanasia is the Greek word for easy death, but is often referred to as mercy killing. There are two main forms of euthanasia. Voluntary euthanasia is when a terminally ill patient expresses the wish to be euthenised. Active euthanasia is when a Doctor decides that it is in the best interest of the patient to be euthenised. All forms of euthanasia are illegal in Great Britain; however in Holland, Switzerland, Oregon in the U.S and the northern territories of Australia, voluntary and assisted euthanasia has been lega...   [tags: Papers]

Term Papers
639 words (1.8 pages)

Euthanasia Should Not Be Legalized Essay

- Euthanasia is a Greek word which means gentle and easy death. However, it is the other way around. It is not a gentle or easy death because there is not a type of death which called gentle in the world. According to writer Prof. Ian Dowbiggin, in Ancient Greece people used euthanasia without the patient's permission. It means that in Ancient Greece they did not care about the voluntariness. Also, there are just few doctors who obey the rules of the Hippocratic Oath. (250) After Christianity, the church found out how evil suicide was and they told people killing another person or themselves was a brutal behavior....   [tags: Euthanasia Essays]

Term Papers
1276 words (3.6 pages)

Should Euthanasia Be Legalized? Essay

- The Legalization Of Euthanasia Euthanasia is the painless killing of a person who is suffering from a fatal illness. The meaning of the word Euthanasia comes from the Greek word Eu (good) and Thabatosis (death), which means “good death” Throughout history euthanasia has been practiced. The Jewish society however followed the Bible and the sixth command stated, “Thou shall not kill” Judaism considered their life to be sacred and considered Euthanasia to be murder. The Netherlands is the first country to legalize euthanasia, and since then it has become legal in five US states, but on February 5, 2016 euthanasia will be legal in Canada....   [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Voluntary euthanasia]

Term Papers
1158 words (3.3 pages)

Should Euthanasia Be Legalized? Essay

- Euthanasia is the act of ending a person’s life through lethal injection or through the removement of treatment. Euthanasia comes from the Greek word meaning “good death.” When a death ends peacefully, it is recognized as a good death. In modern society, euthanasia has come to mean a death free of any pain and anxiety brought on through the use of medication; this can also be called mercy killing, deliberately ending someone’s life in order to end an individual’s suffering. Anything that would ease human suffering is good....   [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Medical ethics]

Term Papers
1380 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Should Euthanasia Be Legalized?

- Death, whether we accept it or not we must all face it at some point in our lives. But, why must some choose to leave before their time. The term euthanasia comes from the Greek language meaning “easy death.” Euthanasia, also known as mercy killing or physician-assisted suicide is a widely disputed argument, that numerous individuals who are for it and those who are opposed to it believe that their views are correct. The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines euthanasia as the intentional killing of a patient without agony who is suffering from an incurable and painful disease or an irreversible coma....   [tags: Euthanasia, Death, Medical ethics]

Term Papers
996 words (2.8 pages)

Euthanasia should not be legalized in America Essay

- Euthanasia refers to the intentional bringing about of the death of a patient, either by killing him/her, or by letting him/her die, for the patient’s sake to prevent further pain or suffering from a terminal illness. Euthanasia is a complex issue in many underlying theological, sociological, moral, and legal aspects. Its legalization is heavily debated around the world, with strong arguments made for both sides of the issue. The supporters of euthanasia often repeated that “We have to respect the freedom of the patient" or “people should be able to exercise control over their own lives and death.” However, Euthanasia, by nature, is “wrongfully killing” or “mercy killing”, and if we al...   [tags: Free Euthanasia Essay]

Free Essays
898 words (2.6 pages)