Herd immunity is the idea of when vaccinations are given to a significant portion of a population and this group of people provide a measure of protection for individuals who have not been immunized. It occurs when a large amount of the population is vaccinated against a pathogen, and makes it difficult for a disease to spread because there are so few vulnerable people left to infect. In the article Vaccine Herd Effect, the authors wrote, “The importance of herd immunity was first recognized with smallpox, where the initial goal was to achieve such a herd effect. Although the ultimate eradication in 1977 was achieved with higher vaccine uptake rates, the herd effect contributed to the reduction of smallpox by a mas...
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...vaccines being dangerous have been proven wrong, parents are still fearful of vaccinations.
Vaccines are crucial to not only the health of American citizens, but people across the globe. Vaccines are important to people who have illnesses that prevent them from being vaccinated and for people who cannot afford to visit the doctor and be vaccinated. In 2013 an estimated 91,453 exemptions were reported among a total estimated population of 4,242,558 kindergarteners (Vaccination Coverage Among Children 2013), which is not bad, but the numbers are expected to rise significantly with the stories and reported cases people are coming out with. Some parents have irrational fears about vaccines and that is why most do not vaccinate. Because of the crumbling herd immunity, and the reemergence of measles, there should not be the option to opt-out of getting children vaccinated.
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