Stem cells possess an incredible ability to develop into a variety of different cells within the body during early life and growth because they are unspecialized cells (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, 2014). During division, each cell has the ability of remaining as a stem cell or transforming into a cell with a more specific, specialized function. These cells, for example, could be cells such as a muscle cell, red blood cell, or even a brain cell. What makes these cells different from others is that they are capable of renewing themselves through cell division. As well, under certain conditions, they can develop into tissue or organ specific cells with unique functions. Stem cells, in organs such as the gut or in bone marrow, are capable of regularly dividing and repairing or replacing dam...
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...n able to find treatments to treat chronic kidney disease and heart failure, ischemic cardiomyopathey, and damaged gut of inflammatory bowel disease. Through these experiments, we can see the potential of these unique cells. Though stem cells are divided into three categories, embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells, and adult or somatic stem cells, they all are capable of renewing and dividing themselves for long periods of time. They all are also unspecialized and can transform into specialized cell types. Controversy surrounds the research of these cells and people are divided with their opinions about whether or not extracting stem cells from embryos are considered ethical because to some embryos are considered life. Only after fully understanding the research and origination can one fully answer the question that so much controversy lingers around.
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