HPV in Women and Men:
HPV in women can start off as genital warts but if left untreated, it can lead to chronic diseases including cancer of the cervix. This form of cancer is the second most common in women diagnosed with HPV. The cancer of the cervix is a serious issue as there was an estimated prevalence of 493,000 and a death count of 274,000 in the world in 2002 (Parkin & Bray, 2006).
According to Parkin and Bray (2006), cancer of the penis is infrequent in males as it only accounts for less than 0.5% of the total amount of cancer in men...
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...ts in young women 4 years after commencing a national human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme. Sexually transmitted infections, 87(7), 544-547.
Rositch, A. F., Gravitt, P. E., & Smith, J. S. (2013). Growing evidence that HPV infection is associated with an increase in HIV acquisition: exploring the issue of HPV vaccination. Sexually transmitted infections, 89(5), 357-357.
Schiller, J. T., & Lowy, D. R. (1996, December). Papillomavirus-like particles and HPV vaccine development. In Seminars in cancer biology (Vol. 7, No. 6, pp. 373-382). Academic Press.
Waller, J., McCaffery, K., Nazroo, J., & Wardle, J. (2005). Making sense of information about HPV in cervical screening: a qualitative study. British journal of cancer, 92(2), 265-270.
Zimet, G. D., & Rosenthal, S. L. (2010). HPV vaccine and males: issues and challenges. Gynecologic oncology, 117(2), S26-S31.
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