There are several theorists that have presented models on sexual identity development. Many of the models have stages of sexual identity development suggesting that certain characteristics are present during a specific period. However, Anthony D’Augelli presents a model that suggests processes rather than stages. These processes take place over the span of one’s life and not necessarily in any specific order or fashion. D’Augelli’s (1994a) life span model of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) identity development takes into account “the complex factors that influence the development of people in context over historical time” (Evans et al, 2010). According to D’Augelli’s (1994) theory, identity formation includes three sets of interrelated variables that are involved in identity formation: personal actions and subjectivities, interactive intimacies, and sociohistorical connections. Personal subjectivities and actions include individuals’ perceptions and feelings about their sexual identities as well as actual sexual behaviors and the meanings attached to them. Interactive intimacies include the influences of family, peer group, and intimate partnerships and the meanings attached to experiences with significant others. Sociohistorical connections are defined as the social norms, policies and laws found in various geographical locations and cultures, as well as the values existing during particular historical periods (Evans et al, 2010).
According to D’Augelli (1994), the development of a LGB identity in society takes place through a series of non-linear phases of development, each phase reflecting a deeper level of personal understanding and a new relationship with the ...
... middle of paper ...
...ortunity to establish their identity.
Bilodeau, B. (2003, October). Genderqueer: Understanding transgender student identities. Presented at the American Educational Research Association Research on Women in Education Annual Conference, Knoxville, TN.
D’Augelli, A.R. (1992). Lesbian and gay male undergraduates’ experiences of harassment and fear on campus. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 7(3), 383-395.
D’Augelli, A.R. (1998). Developmental implications of victimization of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youths. In G.M. Herek (Ed.), Stigma and sexual orientation: Understanding prejudice against lesbians, gay men and bisexuals (pp.187-210). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Evans, N. J., Forney, D. S., Guido, F. M., Patton, L. D., & Renn, K. A. (2010). Student development in college: Theory, research, and practice (2 ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- “Children’s Development of Gender Identity In Gay or Lesbian Family” Homosexuality is more accepted and integrated into today’s society than ever before. Same-sex marriages provoke debate in countries around the world. Same-sex couples facing with some legal issues when they decide to create a full family with children. In this case we start to talk about family in which children, who are surrounded with two same-sex parents, and the consequences and problems that may arise while of growing up. One of the biggest controversial debates is children’s development of gender identity in such families.... [tags: Homosexuality, Sexual orientation]
1199 words (3.4 pages)
- Professional Development Paper Counselors will encounter many clients in their professional development from sexual majorities to sexual minorities, such as transgender people (Long, Burnett, & Thomas, 2006). When counselors are working with sexual minorities, such as transgender people, they may find their confidence or comfort level dissolving when they bring up sexuality or relationship issues. Therefore, counselors who work with transgender clients must confront prejudices and biases. To do this, counselors must become self-aware.... [tags: Transgender, Gender, Sociology, Gender identity]
1327 words (3.8 pages)
- Introduction This refection paper focus on my own experiences related to gender, race, and sexual orientation development during my college years. My reflection will be grounded on three theories: Josselson’s theory of women id development, Ferdman and Gallegos Latino/Latina identity development, and Worthington et al.’s model of heterosexual identity development. These theories offered me a unique opportunity to reflect and develop my own understanding of my gender identity, race identity, and my sexual orientation identity.... [tags: identity, latino, heterosexual ]
2498 words (7.1 pages)
- I. Culture Factors— According to anthropologist, Victor Turner, societies offer individuals only mainstream options for behavior, identity, and beliefs. People choose to adopt societal customs, in order to fit in for the benefit that the society provides. (Davidson, 2006.) As men grow up, they are encouraged to adopt gender and conform identities that is consistent with their physical sex, but they may encounter unexpected problems as they take the stereotypical masculinity, entering adulthood.... [tags: Gender role, Gender, Gender identity]
1403 words (4 pages)
- In pursuit of uncovering an ethic with regards to nomenclature of gender identity and sexual orientation, two very personal axes of identity interwoven and yet distinct, I looked towards the texts of Butler and Lorde. Specifically, I found that Judith Butler’s “Doing Justice to Someone: Sex Reassignment and Allegories of Trannsexuality” and Audre Lorde’s “The Uses of the Erotic: The Erotic as Power” reveal a key tension in this question. That is, in discussing these matters, will our final goal be moving towards a society without these constrictive labels or will our end goal be more that we create new, more inclusive and personalized labels.... [tags: Gender, Transgender, Identity]
1472 words (4.2 pages)
- Gender Identity is defined as the gender a person identifies with or is certain they are. It should be noted that just because an individual may appear to be one gender physically, does not mean he/she feels they are the gender they appear to be. For example, a person who appears to be a woman physically and contains all the female reproductive organs and body make up may claim to be a man with the wrong gender body. Gender identity is often shaped by societal and cultural influences. So, it is no wonder that people who identify with a gender different from what society has tried to engrave in their minds, are left feeling confused or rejected.... [tags: Sexual intercourse, Human sexuality]
1264 words (3.6 pages)
- Rejection. Death. Hatred. These are the consequences lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender adolescent individuals face as members who are a part of parentally unaccepted families. In America, approximately 3.4% of adolescent individuals identify as homosexual. The breakdown of this population included 1.6% who identify as gay or straight, 0.7% who identify as bisexual, and 1.1% who don’t identify within those standards (Ward, Dahlhamer, Galinsky & Jostli, 2014, 1). Compared to the 96.6% of the American population who identify as heterosexual, these statistics seem insignificant.... [tags: Sexual orientation, Homosexuality, LGBT]
1178 words (3.4 pages)
- For many individuals, sexual and gender identity is a highly controversial topic to discuss. Those who have inconsistency with their internal or mental sense of gender compared to their physical gender is now described as a psychological disorder and is found amongst adults and adolescents. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders gender dysphoria also known as gender identity disorder refers to the stresses that accompany with the variances between one’s physical gender they were assigned at birth and one’s expressed or emotional gender (5th ed.; DSM-5; American Psychiatric Association, 2013).... [tags: Transgender, Gender, Gender identity, Gender role]
2006 words (5.7 pages)
- Individual identity is how an individual relates to them self, as well as how others relate to the individual (Bessant & Watts 2002, p.153). This occurs as other people reflect back to us their impression of ourselves (Plummer 2010, p.22). Indeed, the body is central to how our self is recognised by others and how we derive our identities (Back et al. 2012, p.98). Individual identities are shaped in various ways, such as with others’ belief in essentialism – the assumption that all people of a certain group have the same characteristics (Bessant & Watts 2002, p.154), or via face-to-face relationships (Back et al.... [tags: Sociology, Individual, Identity formation]
1744 words (5 pages)
- Sexual orientation is described as a person 's sexual identity in relation to the gender to which they are attracted; the fact of being heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual. A plethora of people may question their sexual orientation at least once in their lifetime. In 2013, the National Health Statistics Reports gave out a survey to the population and discovered some mind blowing statistics concerning sexual orientation. According to their data, 96.6 of the population identified as heterosexual, 1.6% identified as homosexual, and 0.7% identified as bisexual.... [tags: Homosexuality, Sexual orientation, Bisexuality]
2627 words (7.5 pages)