Essay about Sexual Coercion And Sexual Assault

Essay about Sexual Coercion And Sexual Assault

Length: 1058 words (3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

A question among researchers is what type of force is required to constitute sexual assault. Does non-physical sexual coercion count as sexual assault? Russell (1982) found that women described sexual coercion as different than sexual assault, showing that there is a major distinction in their minds of these types of sexual violence. Thus, her research team distinguished between use of physical force and non-physical coercion, even to the point of determining which actions constitute physical force. Their criteria for use of force included “such acts as pushing, pinning, and being held down by a husband’s weight so that the woman couldn’t move,” (p. 48). In chapter five of their seminal work License to Rape (1985), Finkellhor & Yllo present a lengthy discussion on coerced sex without the use of physical force. They note the conundrum of this issue:
Some feminists assert that sex as a martial chore constitutes coercion and a form of rape… but many women are reluctant to call such sexual intimidation rape. Oppressive
though it may be, they feel that it involves a qualitatively different kind of coercion from
rape and are aware of a certain voluntary submission on their own part to the obligation… Is it rape when a woman has sex to ‘keep the peace in the house’? On the one hand, calling it rape highlights how oppressive and coercive sex is under such circumstances. On the other hand, calling it raped means substantially expanding—and at the same time diluting—the meaning of the word ‘rape’. (p. 85)

They ultimately chose to limit the term ‘rape’ to situations of actual or threatened physical force, acknowledging that other kinds of force can be frightening and traumatic. Bagwell-Gray, Messing, and Baldwin-White (2015) uphold the...

... middle of paper ...

...t this is a gap in the IPSV literature.
Sexual Abuse (Low Force / Low Invasiveness). Sexual abuse is “The use of psychological abuse tactics to keep an intimate partner in a submissive position of power. Strategies include sexual degradation, non-contact unwanted sexual experience (e.g., being forced to watch pornography), and reproductive and sexual control,” (Bagwell-Gray, Messing, & Baldwin-White, 2015, p. 323). It is low in force, because non-physical control tactics are used, and it is low in invasiveness because no sexual penetration is involved. Sexual abuse is different than sexual coercion in that the perpetrator is not coercing sex but is rather controlling sex-related decision making. Some examples of sexually controlling acts are refusing to wear condoms, having sex outside the primary relationship, and birth control sabotage (Campbell & Soeken, 1999).

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Sexual Assault On College Campuses Essay

- Sexual Assault on College Campuses As a freshman in college I find it quite alarming that one in five women are sexually assaulted while they are attending college. Something else that I found alarming is that one in sixteen men are sexually assaulted while at college (National Sexual Violence Resource Center, 2015). Most people don’t think of men to be the ones getting assaulted. With seeing these statistics I believe that this is a serious issue that needs to be worked on. There is nothing that will be able to fix this completely, but I believe that if there is more awareness out there for students and faculty of the colleges then the statistics will get better over time....   [tags: Rape, Human sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse]

Better Essays
1300 words (3.7 pages)

The Issue Of Sexual Assault Essay

- Sexual assault is amongst the fastest- growing violent crimes in the United States; however, surprisingly it is also the most underreported crime. This issue is extremely prevalent on college campuses around the country, it has been estimated that 20 percent of college women and 6 percent of college men experience sexual assault or attempted sexual assault during their stay in college. These numbers may appear low, but this is only the percentage of victims that have reported their assaults. About 68% of all sexual assaults go unreported, but why is this....   [tags: Rape, Sexual assault, Sexual intercourse, Assault]

Better Essays
1027 words (2.9 pages)

The Link Between Alcohol And Sexual Assault Essays

- INTRODUCTION “Approximately half of all sexual assaults are associated with either the perpetrator 's alcohol consumption, the victim 's alcohol consumption, or both” (Abbey, Zawacki, Buck, Clinton, & McAuslan, 2004, p. 1). As such, the emphasis of this paper is on the link between alcohol and sexual assault. This paper will focus on Jamie Foxx’s (2008) disregard for consent and use of alcohol as a tool of coercion in pursuing ‘sex’ in the song Blame It. I plan to discuss the legal framework by which the use of alcohol to seduce – rather incapacitate – women can classify the sexual acts that follow as assault (or not)....   [tags: Rape, Sexual intercourse, Sexual assault]

Better Essays
1533 words (4.4 pages)

Sexual Coercion: Abuse and Perceptions Essay

- History of Abuse Predicting Current Experiences and Perceptions of Sexual Coercion  Sexual aggression among college students has been a popular topic of examination for the past three decades. One of the reasons for the repeated analysis is the fact that sexual aggression remains a common and enduring experience among college students. An early survey on this topic found that 54% of college women reported experiencing some sort of sexual victimization (Koss, Gidycz, & Wisniewski, 1987). That same year, Muehlenhard and Linton reported that 78% of female college students experienced some sort of sexual coercion and 15% reported experiencing a rape....   [tags: Sexual Issues, argumentative, persuasive]

Better Essays
2017 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on Sexual Victimization of Women

- According to a statement addressing the sexual victimization of college women The Crime and Victimization in America states that, “ One out of four women will be sexually assaulted on a college campus.” This disturbing fact has not minimized throughout the years, instead it is continuing to worsen throughout college campuses. Sexual assault is not an act to be taken lightly. Society must stop pinpointing the individuals who commit these crimes one by one, but rather look at the problem as a whole and begin to understand the main cause of sexual assault and possible methods to reduce these acts of sexual coercion....   [tags: Sexual Assault, argumentative, persuasive]

Better Essays
1171 words (3.3 pages)

Sexual Assault Essay

- Sexual Assault Sexual assault takes many forms including attacks such as rape or attempted rape, as well as any unwanted sexual contact or threats. Usually a sexual assault occurs when someone touches any part of another person's body in a sexual way, even through clothes, without that person's consent. Some types of sexual acts which fall under the category of sexual assault include forced sexual intercourse (rape), sodomy (oral or anal sexual acts), child molestation, incest, fondling and attempted rape....   [tags: Criminal Psychology, Substance Abuse]

Free Essays
317 words (0.9 pages)

Sexual Assault Centre Of Waterloo Region Holding The Position Of A Support Hotline Worker

- Introduction Sex workers around the world, specifically in countries where this occupation is criminalized face violence which is invisible to the public eye due to their “profession” (Csete and Shannon, 2010). My proposal’s research topic for the ‘Cultural Pluralities: Situating the Studies of Sexuality, Relationships and Families’ is ‘Violence against Sex workers.’ My interest in this topic delved from my volunteering experience at the Sexual Assault Centre of Waterloo Region holding the position of a support hotline worker....   [tags: Rape, Sexual intercourse, Prostitution]

Better Essays
1558 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on How Culture Affects Sexual Violence

- 50 Shades of Abuse: How Culture Affects Sexual Violence Across the world societies are constantly trying to protect their people and improve quality of life. Every culture has societal norms and laws in place in order to uphold the social order. One social issue that affects every culture in the world is sexual violence. Sexual violence is a global problem affecting every city, state, and country in the world. This is a problem that needs to be explored in order to stop this vicious crime. While most people are aware that sexual violence exists there is still a lot to learn about this crime....   [tags: Human sexual behavior, Rape, Sexual assault]

Better Essays
1654 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Sexual Assaults On University And College Campuses

- In our society, the amount of coverage that is received of the rape culture among college campuses and universities continues to become more prevalent each and every day. Sexual assaults on university and college campuses are most likely to happen amidst the student population. According to Burnett, Mattern, Herakova, Kahl Jr, Tobola, and Bornsen (2009), every two minutes in the United States, someone is raped, and the chances of being that victim are four times greater for a college female student than for any other age group....   [tags: Rape, Sexual intercourse, University]

Better Essays
982 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Sex Education And Sexual Education

- Sex education has become a taboo subject in America due to the negative association society has established when teaching young adults about sex. As a result, schools have been looked to as the resource to teach sexual education. In 2013 President Obama pushed for a bill that would allow comprehensive sexual education in kindergarten. The bill caused uproar but brought to light the dysfunction of sex education in America. This bill was influenced from the Dutch’s method in the Netherlands. In comparison to other countries such as the Netherlands, America has fallen dead last in any poll analyzing sexual health....   [tags: Human sexual behavior, Sexual intercourse]

Better Essays
1141 words (3.3 pages)