In the last century, lawmakers have passed several social policies designed to protect the public from sexual victimization. The sexual victimization of innocent children is an unforgivable offense in the public perception thus, the vast majority of people would like to see these kinds of offenders incarcerated for life. Unfortunately, this is not the case in most situations, therefore this research discusses the successes and challenges surrounding the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORN) of future offending of Tier 3 sex offenders.
Keywords: SORN, child sexual offender, deterrent, collateral effects
Sex offenders provoke a great deal of anxiety among the general public. And, due to the frequent use of digital media and the Sex Offender Registry Notification Act, public awareness has increased in criminal activity over the years. SORN alerts the public of local sex offenders in hopes to reduce re-offending risks. The notification act receives public support, but it has been criticized by various professionals (Maurelli & Ronan, 2010). According to Bureau of Justice Statistics study, about three- quarters of released inmates were back in the criminal justice system for a new offense within 5 years (Durose et al., 2014). In addition, the recidivism rate for all sex offenders is 5.3 percent and among child sex offenders it is 5.1 percent (Langan et al., 2003). Overall sex offender recidivism is lower than non-sex offenders (Patrick & Marsh, 2009; Tewksbury, Jennings, & Zgoba, 2012). Little is known about child sexual offenders’ recidivism (Prentky & Knight, 2006). However, successful reintegration back into society among child sexual offenders strongly depends on how well the criminal justice comm...
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...ess, depression and property damage. The authors recommended legislation rely on risk assessment classification to better notify the public while lessening the obstacles that interfere with successful community integration. A significant variable in determining recidivism among sex offenders is risk assessments (Patrick & Marsh, 2009). Other variables such as ethnicity, gender, age, and relationship were not associated with recidivism. If we want to see a reduction in re-offending among child abusers, more time and money should be allocated for conducting effective risk assessment among sex offenders.
Some research shows policies are media driven, also misinforming the public (Kielsgard, 2014; Patrick & Marsh, 2009). If we want to see some of the most hated and dangerous offenders integrating back into the community successfully we have to keep their needs in mind.
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- In the last century, lawmakers have passed several social policies designed to protect the public from sexual victimization. The sexual victimization of innocent children is an unforgivable offense in the public perception thus, the vast majority of people would like to see these kinds of offenders incarcerated for life. Unfortunately, this is not the case in most situations, therefore this research discusses the successes and challenges surrounding the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act (SORN) of future offending of Tier 3 sex offenders.... [tags: Sex offender, Human sexual behavior]
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