The Severity Of Slavery Evolved And Developed Rapidly After Its Introduction

The Severity Of Slavery Evolved And Developed Rapidly After Its Introduction

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The severity of slavery evolved and developed rapidly after its introduction to America. Jupiter Hammon was a free man of color who wrote his essay, An Address to the Negroes in the State of New York, in 1787. At this time, the Constitution had just been signed and Hammon wrote based on a peaceful mindset related to the writing of the Constitution. David Walker, however, wrote his essay, Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World, in 1831. At this time, slavery was just beginning to expand across the nation and Walker wrote his article with this new inspiration in mind. These two articles are extremely different because they are representative of the time periods from which they came. Hammon’s tone was meant to be pacifying for the slaves and it was effective in promoting a sense of peace in America. Alternately, Walker’s tone was much more aggressive and was meant to not only motivate the slaves, but to incite awareness into whites, as well. While both articles support the idea the blacks and whites will be judged equally in heaven, they advocate opposite lifestyles, address different groups of people, and approach the topic in opposing tones, according to the time period in which the essays were written.
In Jupiter Hammon’s An Address to the Negroes in the State of New York, Hammon sympathizes with the slaves but he requests that the slaves simply obey their masters and live honest lives. He writes, “If your master is really hard, unreasonable and cruel, there is no way so likely for you to convince him of it, as always to obey his commands…” (Hammon, 7). Rather than supporting slave rebellion, Hammon advocates peace in hopes that the slaves’ good behavior will cause the slave owners to see the error in their ways. H...


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...lker both encourage blacks to strive for a more perfect life in heaven while using opposing opinions on retaliation, addressing different social groups, and using different tones in relation to the time period to which the articles were written. Ultimately, even though both Hammon and Walker wrote their opinions based on two completely different eras in slave history, Walker’s writing more effectively caused the insight that both blacks and whites needed in order to end slavery. Although some readers may find Walker’s approach offensive or antagonistic, perhaps that type of writing was what inspired America to change. Uniting people in this way and causing excitement is basically the most effective way to bring problems to attention. This is also proven in events such as the Haitian Rebellion, which sparked several important rebellions within the United States.

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