Semantic And Structural Information On The Human Memory Essay

Semantic And Structural Information On The Human Memory Essay

Length: 1133 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

There are lot of research conducted about how semantic and structural information affecting to the human memory. Psychologist Craik has defined that meaningful information has better chance to stay in human memory longer than the numeric information (1973). Endel and Tulving (1985) proposed episodic and semantic memories process different information.
The independent variable is the structural information. Dependant variable is the participants’ test scores. Participants are volunteers of the New College psychology access students 2016. The research was an experiment and conducted as two groups. It included a pictures and words slide show. To the other group, just the words slide show.
Results were not highly significant. But there were slightly better results from the semantic and structural group. Though there was not high contrast, it is enough to come to a clear conclusion.
So the conclusion human memory perform better when it process semantic and structural information than processing just semantic information.

Though there were lot of research about this particular issue, there was not enough sources to find how structural and semantic information processing. Lot of research were focus on how semantic and structural information stored in Short term memory and long term memory. There were interesting findings from these studies and there conclusions were directly match with this experiment. But the Craik and Tulving’s (1975) study showed that it is semantically process information which let to rehearse are more likely to recall accurately than phonemic and visually process words.
They done a experiment using 60 words and asked three different questions involved semantic process, structural process and phone...

... middle of paper ...

...ghting effect for both groups and spoke to them same words as the other group. We were in smart casual clothing rather than wearing a white coat to minimise the laboratory effect. We conducted the both experiments in the same time of the day just few minutes apart. We walked in and got the permission from the mentors and explained why we are here and explain

Ethical considerations-
We ask their permission first before the experiment undertake. Also we ask kindly to sign the consent and explain effects and if any doubts or problems what to do. We also explain the data will be destroyed anytime if they want us to during or after the experiment. We also reassure the participants that there are no consequences after word and the results are not going to be publish as with individual names. And did not ask anyone to write their names rather than just a signature.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Memory And The Human Memory

- The human memory contains some of our most treasured values. It allows us to remember the past, present, and store information we may need for the future. Memory provides a guidance for us. It influences our behaviors, decisions, and defines our character; our identity. Although, not all memory is created equal and some are less favorable than others. Most would think of memory as a precious gift that we can hold onto forever, but there are also memories we wished to forget. Regardless of the type of memory, without memory we have no direction in life and no purpose....   [tags: Memory, Alzheimer's disease, Hippocampus]

Strong Essays
2098 words (6 pages)

The Five Types of Memory Essay

- The human body is a complex structure. The brain being the most complex organ has the most work to do. The human memory consists of a process in which memories are stored and remembered. According to Intelegen Inc., there is this unique process of Memory in which the process only involves three stages. In the stages of this process, the memory is formed, retained, and retrieved. There are three stages of the five different types of Memory; the three stages are encoding, storage and retrieval. The five types are Memory is classified by a few different characteristics....   [tags: memory, psychology,]

Strong Essays
1118 words (3.2 pages)

Memory is Essential to Human Life Essay

- It is stated that memory is the process of maintaining information over time (Matlin, 2005). Memory is essential to all human lives. Without a memory of the past we cannot function in the present or think about or plan for the future. We would not be able to remember what we did yesterday, what we have done today or what we plan to do tomorrow. Also without the memory we would be able to develop or learn anything. The memory is responsible for the processing of huge amounts of information the information which takes different forms like images, sounds etc....   [tags: maintaining information, long-term, retrieving]

Strong Essays
703 words (2 pages)

Repressed Memory Essay

- Repressed Memory If someone asks me, "Where were you on September 11, 2001?" I would be able to give that person an accurate answer. It seems impossible to ever forget the events of that day. How could one forget such a traumatic day. It seems like life changing events would stay with a person forever. However, there are many victims of, let's say, child abuse that cannot remember the actual abuse. The memories of such horrors have been erased so there is no recollection of the events. Being a skeptic, I am not sure if I would be able to forget such horrific events....   [tags: Psychology Essays Memory Neurology]

Strong Essays
1875 words (5.4 pages)

The structure of memory Essay

- Introduction Prior research into the structure of memory have suggested that memory is comprised up from three separate stores each performing a specific and relatively inflexible function (in Passer, Smith, Holt, Bremner, Sutherland, & Vliek, 2009). That is the multi-store model, developed by Atkinson & Shiffrin (1968 in Passer et al., 2009) who claim a sensory memory store, short-term memory store (STM) and a long-term memory store (LTM) (in Passer et al., 2009). Although to some, the multi store model provided an adequate explanation of memory processes, it was regarded as being too simplistic since short-term and long- term memories were far more complicated than originally thought (in...   [tags: Technology, Multi-store Model]

Strong Essays
1616 words (4.6 pages)

The Levels of Processing in a Judgement and Recall Task Essay

- One hundred and forty two undergraduate students participated in a levels-of-processing experiment on the basis of Craik & Tulving’s (1975) famous model. Participants were presented with shallow, intermediate or semantic words within 60 judgment trials, followed by a recognition test of 120 trials containing half of the original words. The findings suggest that participants recognized the semantic words better compared to the shallow and intermediate words; this proposes that by the use of attention, semantic processing leads to a stronger memory trace....   [tags: Semantic Words, Autism]

Strong Essays
1542 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Memory in Occupational Therapy Processes

- Memory refers to the formations and processes that are used to store and retain information; there are three key processes involved, encoding, storage and retrieval. The first process; encoding, involves focusing awareness and consciously applying selective attention on a limited range of stimuli or events. Craik and Lockhart (1972) proposed that incoming information could be processed at different levels through three different ways of encoding; structural, phonemic and semantic. Structural encoding refers to the appearance of the information whilst phonemic encoding refers to how the information sounds....   [tags: cognitive training in rehabilitation]

Strong Essays
1125 words (3.2 pages)

Essay on The Productivity and Effectiveness of Memory

- Memory can be an extremely broad spectrum to discuss. Matlin (2005) defines memory as the process of maintaining information over time (McLeod, S. A., 2007). This essay will focus specifically on encoding. The productivity and effectiveness of memory primarily depends on the processes of attaining, storing and retrieving information. This essay will further investigate the ability of students to encode information through various encoding strategies, and how effective these methods are in storing and retrieving the information....   [tags: encoding, storage, retrieval]

Strong Essays
1961 words (5.6 pages)

Models amd Stages of Memory Essay

- ... Their model of memory known as the levels of processing model explains that contrasting the multi store model this model carries a non-structured approach. This idea was shaped due to an effect of the criticism levelled at the multi store model. Craik and Lockhart (1972) model idea basically is that memory is the happening and result of one’s information process. As a substitute of focusing on the stores or structures like the LTM and STM, concentration in this theory is given more to the processes involved in memory....   [tags: encoding, processing, recall]

Strong Essays
755 words (2.2 pages)

The Relationship between Learning and Memory Essay

- Learning to tie shoes and ride a bike requires the encoding, storing, and retrieving of past observations of the procedure. With a lot of practice, children master these skills so well that they are able to remember them the rest of their lives. Memory is the storing of information over time. It is one of the most important concepts in learning; if things are not remembered, no learning can take place. As a process, memory refers to the "dynamic mechanism associated with the retention and retrieval of information about past experiences" (Sternberg 260)....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
1663 words (4.8 pages)