It is not necessary to hold the view that self-reflections only process in conscious level. There are evidence revealed that many social cognitive functions operates in a unconscious evaluation (Greenwald & Banaji, 1995). Implicit measures of personality have proven useful since the beginning of personality psychology (Wilson, Lindsey, & Schooler, 2000). Scholars have argued that certain self-reflections may similarly operate at unconscious levels. It is assumed that non-conscious self-reflections are inaccessible to rational and conscious and have to observe in an indirect and implicit way (Greenwald & Banaji, 1995). The automatic self-reflection is termed as implicit self-esteem. Implicit self-esteem is defined as an aut...
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... the other hand, there are several researches to construct self-esteem as other source of self-esteem or other self-related concept on TMT. For example, self-esteem is defined as a self-body image and body esteem (Goldenberg, McCoy, Pyszczynski, Greenberg, & Solomon, 2000; Goldenberg & Shackelford, 2005); self-enhancement (Arndt & Goldernberg, 2011) and fitness intentions (Arndt, Schimel, & Goldenberg, 2003).Therefore, it is justified enough to predict that people with high implicit self-esteem can reduce death anxiety by imposing defensive response to the mortality salience. In the theoretical point of view, full understanding of self-esteem in the TMT requires taking into consideration components of self-esteem other than the explicit level. These include implicit self-esteem and hence both implicit and explicit self-esteem will be examined in the current study.
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