Essay on Self Esteem Of Adolescent Foster

Essay on Self Esteem Of Adolescent Foster

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Self-Esteem of Adolescent Foster Youth in the United States
The foster care system exists to provide a safe, temporary living arrangement to children who are experiencing abuse, neglect, or whose parents are not able to provide them with adequate care. Currently 382,400 children are in the foster care system, of which approximately 95,000 are adolescent youth ages 11 to 15. With the increasing number of youth in the foster care system and lack of resources the hopes of youth and families being reunited or adopted is shattered (Casey Family Programs, 2014). Low self-esteem in adolescent youth in the foster care system has been correlated with depression, poor relationships, low academic achievement, more at risk behavior, and underage pregnancy (Farruggia, Greenberger, Chen, & Heckhausen, 2006). Social workers, children, parents, and foster care parents describe the foster care system as overburdened and systematically flawed (Pistorino, 2008). According to Lerber and Winston (2012) most American’s have a largely positive attitude towards the foster care system and it is viewed as less of a problem than education and healthcare. The foster care system has turned into a response to abuse and neglect instead of it being a solution. The foster care system receives 7.6 million federal dollars that is to be dedicated to spend on foster care related services in the United States. Smarter investment decisions should be made to ultimately reduce the need for foster care and produce better outcomes for children (Casey Family Programs, 2014).
Self-Esteem and Attachment of Adolescents in Foster Care
Biological parental attachment and placement stability is a determinant of an adolescence self esteem while in foster care (Kools, 1997)....


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...ore mental health problems (Barbell & Freundich, 2001). When adolescents have continuous contact with the biological parents, they have a higher self-esteem, which is essential to the well being of the adolescent. Separation anxiety can occur when adolescents are separated from their parents. The separation may cause repression of the overwhelming feelings, incurring “personality scars” which result from the repression of feelings (Gil, 1982). Each new placement subjects the child to disruption and uncertainty. Multiple placements repeatedly expose the child to the short-term harmful effects caused by separation anxiety. Repeated breaking of child-adult attachments is damaging to the child’s social and psychological development. Attachment with the biological family is a determinant of the level of self-esteem in adolescent youth in the foster care system.




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