The researchers used two different populations to conduct their experiment; a group of undergraduate psychology students receiving extra credit for participating and shoppers in two local supermarkets. In both studies an equal number of adult men and women were tested. Children were excluded in the supermarket observation as the adults chose what items the children tasted. In both studies for half the groups a mirror was present along with the observers. Data was analyzed by the researchers using a multivariate regression analysis and a hierarchical analysis of sets. The researchers pointed out that “the model also included two- and three-way interactions between the manipulated self-awareness variable (i.e., mirror) and the measured participant variables (i.e., diet status, sex). These interactions were computed as multiplicative products of the main effects” (Sentyrz and Bushman 946).
Participants in study 1 were the undergrads; they rated st...
... middle of paper ...
... healthier choices.
Slight changes in the way that the studies were conduct could give more accurate findings. This would certainly be a research project worth revisiting since in the ensuing decade and a half since this study was done there have been fast improvements in the quality of the products used in the experiment. Another set of experiments with a vastly different demographic could confirm the hypothesis of Sentyrz and Bushman, along with continuing study and confirmation of the self-awareness theory.
Duval, S. & Wickland, R.A.. A Theory of Objective Self-Awareness. New York: Academic Press. 1972. Print.
Sentyrz, S. & Bushman, B. “Mirror, Mirror on the Wall, Who’s the Thinnest One of All? Effects of Self-Awareness on Consumption of Full-Fat, Reduced-Fat, and No-Fat Products.” . Journal of Applied Psychology. Vol 83, No 6, p 944-949.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The aim of this research is to decide how destructive has been the impacts of media programming and advertising, physical activity and nutrition and diet on the common health and fitness of the British people as defines to obesity. In putting up these styles for closer assessment, the aim of this research is to determine the level of their impact on public health so that they perform as source for the remedial actions that must be performed. Rationale As technology develops and choices of media enhance, individuals are becoming more and more affected through social ideals through these sources of media.... [tags: Media]
1789 words (5.1 pages)
- The Effect of Media Images on Women’s/Girls Self- Perceptions People are more likely to judge the image of themselves by what they see in the media. The mass media surrounds us with images of the “thin ideal” for females, an ideal that has become increasingly thin since the 1950’s and thus increasingly unrealistic for most girls and women” (Stice, E. & Shaw, H.E., 1994). In the past and present, the mass media has been surrounding girls and women with the ideal thin image for females. This affects the majority of female’s self-esteem and confidence in a negative way.... [tags: self-esteem, unrealistically thin bodies]
878 words (2.5 pages)
- Recently, a lot of controversy has been in the news about the increase in negative body image among women. This negative body image can lead to a number of different problems in individuals including low self-esteem, eating disorders, and depression. Some factors that can influence this increase in negative body image include age, gender peer influence, and family influence. One of the main factors that has been an influence on the way people view themselves is the media. According to Aubrey (2006), “a primary way that an objectifying culture is propagated is through the media” (p.... [tags: self-awareness, focus on appearance]
1319 words (3.8 pages)
- The mass media over the years has had such a profound role in creating an image on how women should be viewed. From their appearance to what their duties are in everyday life, the media has made sure to depict unrealistic images of women. These images have caused not only the male public but women themselves to believe that they must attain a certain kind of body or occupation to fit into society. Women often feel obligated and pressured to comply to this praised image of perfection. The media negatively influences the way women are portrayed in modern society and culture.... [tags: distorted body image, self-awareness]
1110 words (3.2 pages)
- Even though fasting is a controversial topic that has the whole world at odds with one another, Hunger: An Unnatural History by Sharman Apt Russell is informative and inspiring in that of the significance it has on the human race as well as the professional book reviews that help give insight into the problem of hunger. Everyday people in third world countries starve to death based on the fact that their countries simply don’t have enough resources or that their leaders only take office for their own personal gain instead of trying to actually help their country.... [tags: hunger, fasting, dieting]
916 words (2.6 pages)
- The study by Steese et al. (2006) included 63 adolescent girls with a mean age of 13. The program met for ten weeks. Each session featured a different topic, such as relationships and friendship. Results of the study indicate that self-esteem measures between testing were not significant, but several related concepts proved to be. Self-efficacy attitudes did significantly improve after treatment and can be linked to positive self-esteem. An explanation for their results is the possibility that the short duration of time could not change girls’ levels of self-esteem.... [tags: health, wellness, psychology]
1113 words (3.2 pages)
- Bulimia Nervosa Eating disorders are devastating behavioral maladies brought on by a complex interplay of factors, which may include emotional and personality disorders, family pressure, a possible genetic or biologic susceptibility, and a culture in which there is an overabundance of food and an obsession with thinness. Eating disorder also may be defined, as self-abuse. Two of these disorders, anorexia and bulimia, result from the fear or overeating and of gaining weight. This paper talks about what bulimia means, its causes, symptoms, medical consequences, and treatment.... [tags: Eating Disorders Health Dieting Essays]
1136 words (3.2 pages)
- SELF AWARENESS AND CONTINUOUS SELF DEVELOPMENT WORD COUNT: 1098 words This part will discuss self-awareness and continuous self-development through analyzing a number of prior researches, then come up with the link of them to support my role as a manager in the future. Self-awareness Self-awareness is a terminology that has been widely discussed in not only psychological but also business and managerial perspectives. There are a number of authors trying to propose different definitions of it. In very earlier research, the theory developed by Wicklund (1975, 1978, 1979) defines self-awareness mostly as one’s ability to self-observe.... [tags: management, self evaluation, communication]
2869 words (8.2 pages)
- We all have sat down and made out our New Year Revolutions and most of them are to go on a diet. When it comes down to it one you stop doing it, it doesn’t work, or keep getting sick or many, many different reason why we quit dieting. Many Americans probably didn’t think about why they do a diet, the reason the doctors tell the certain person to go on a diet and it could be a chance that many American’s are bullying themselves or even other are bullying them into going on a diet. When a person is overweight it puts stress on the persons lungs, heart and skeleton because it can’t hold the weight form the fat.... [tags: Dieting Essays]
1672 words (4.8 pages)
- Body Image in Children and Adolescents What is body image. A two-dimensional model of body image incorporates both perceptual and emotional components. It focuses on both how we feel about the size and shape of our bodies and how accurately we perceive our body size as well. A more recent cognitive approach suggests that body image is a complex set of cognitive schema. A schema is a grouped body of knowledge. Groups of schema are readily available for important tasks such as guiding behavior, circumstantial scripts (or dialogue), and evoking the appropriate emotional, somatic, visual, and auditory responses in certain situations.... [tags: Self Esteem Weight Papers]
3351 words (9.6 pages)