Essay PreviewMore ↓
Both Egypt and Liberia have been struggling to improve their security sector reform. In Egypt they have been facing a revolution since 2011. It started when President Hosni Mubarak's security and police were harsh and merciless toward the people and because of his security divisions that weren’t doing their jobs correctly. Liberia revolution on the other hand is being lead by Charles Taylor who is head of Liberia and who was kind of their unelected president at the time but is now elected as their current president. He is responsible for the different rebel groups throughout Liberia and also for the backing the Revolutionary United front. This is just the start of these two countries efforts toward security sector reform. In order for security sector reform to contribute to national and sustainable peace they need to know how to separate military from police forces and make sure that it is successful in sustaining peace, whether they are post war or politically transitioning, and the challenges that they will face and the conditions that will help the transition take place.
I believe that to get sustainable peace through security sector reform in Egypt and Liberia the government needs to separate the military and police forces. I feel that to help with the separation the police forces need the proper training, so the police can become a role model not a figure of fear and control. “Conduct a comprehensive review of Police academy training curricula and systems.” (Ashour) is one of his big point that he makes in his article about Egypt’s security sector reform. He goes on to say, “The review should focus on de-militarization of the police, as well as on altering training materials to reflect concepts of human security (as opposed to state security) and police functions as a “service” to society.” (Ashour)This is precisely what I think needs to happen to be successful in reforming. And the same goes for Liberia as well. They need to get the proper training for their police and keep the military where they belong as well. They should be two separate jobs.
Obviously, Egypt and Liberia have recently been going through security sector reform. In Ashour article he also says they need to, “Establish proper oversight and monitoring of the security sector.” and “Provide the Central Security Forces with comprehensive training in non-lethal riot control tactics.” Both of these points, along with the first one, are great at explaining what need to happen to separate the military and police.
How to Cite this Page
"Security Sector Reform in Egypt and Liberia." 123HelpMe.com. 02 Apr 2020
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The world we all live in has been going through war and revolt since man was first on the planet. Man has always wanted a certain individuality in their lives. People don’t want to be ruled over or made to make decisions they want to do what they think is right. One of the main problems with this is that not everyone wants the same thing. Because everyone wants different things countries revolt and have wars, which in turn destroys what innocent people wanted which is just to live and be happy.... [tags: Politics, Security, Reform]
1070 words (3.1 pages)
- Security Sector Reform (SSR) is a concept that first emerged in the nineteen-nineties in Eastern Europe. Though there is no single globally accepted definition, SSR generally refers to a process to reform or rebuild a state's security sector. Basically the security is needed because countries in transitional position, post-conflict situations, and sometimes developed countries need protection from dictators, radicals, and dangerous criminals that would take advantage of the country. Established countries such as America, England, and France do not have to worry about needing extra security help as much as countries like Liberia, Turkey, Nigeria etcetera.... [tags: Politics, Security, Reform]
901 words (2.6 pages)
- In the modern world, with Democracy in an upward advance in countries like our own, the world is a huge battle field. The people of countries all around the world are in uproar, looking at the free society that the United States has and using it as its light house, directing it in the right direction, with their own input and ideals. These uproars are commonly known as revolutions, which usually end in the death of many thousand innocent lives fighting for their own right to govern themselves.... [tags: Politics, Security, Peace]
1301 words (3.7 pages)
- War and disease are eminent in this world. But is peace possible. In this world of starving children, mutiny, betrayal, crisis, and national debt. In a world so corrupt and hateful that people are murdered in the streets and the elderly have all but lost hope for the coming generation. But, is it the world itself that is corrupt and cruel. Or is it the many governments that try to rule it. Governments that confine the rights of the citizens and allow rapists and terrorists to roam the streets were wary citizens live.... [tags: Politics, Security, Peace]
978 words (2.8 pages)
- For my essay I will be evaluating the sub-saharan African country of Liberia. Over the course of this essay i shall try and shed some light on the main threats to peace and stability in the country. Threats that, if not treated responsibly and correctly, could throw Liberia, the Liberian people and potentially a large proportion of West Africa back into the violence and political instability that has plagued the region over the last few decades. We are now a decade on from the August 2003 Accra Peace agreement which drew a line under 14 years of civil war and the oppressive dictatorship of Charles Taylor.... [tags: Africa, peace, stability,]
569 words (1.6 pages)
- The Social Security System is in need of a new reform; our current system was not designed for the age stratification we have at this time. The U.S. Social Security Administration Office of Policy states, “The original Social Security Act, signed into law on August 14, 1935, grew out of the work of the Committee on Economic Security, a cabinet-level group appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt just one year earlier. The Act created several programs that, even today, form the basis for the government's role in providing income security, specifically, the old-age insurance, unemployment insurance, and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) programs.” Social Security was modeled... [tags: United States, Social Security Administration]
873 words (2.5 pages)
- On December 5th, 2001, shortly after the final surrender of Taliban fighters four main Afghani political groups signed a power sharing treaty, in an effort to form a stable post-Taliban government. However, in the past twelve years little has been done to resolve the wide-spread violence and conflict in Afghanistan. As UN, NATO, and US forces prepare to withdraw from Afghanistan, the country relapses into former Taliban ways and crime escalates dramatically. In fact the rate of violent crimes against women is the highest in years1.... [tags: rights, women, reform]
1241 words (3.5 pages)
- The United Nations Security Council is in desperate need of reform because of the current dysfunction which surrounds it. Any suggestion of reform could be idealistic. To not enlarge the Security Council is an option too. Over the years, proposals on the reform of the Security Council have included the enlargement of the Security Council, changes to the categories or proportions of membership of the Security Council, the addition of Regional Representatives and changes to the relationship between the Security Council and the General Assembly.... [tags: international peace and security]
1735 words (5 pages)
- Social Security was established as a promise to the people of continuation of income into retirement. Well the road to hell is often paved with good intentions, because that promise now has the country in economic uncertainty. The guarantee that workers will be taken care of in their old age if they paid their Social Security tax, is no longer guaranteed. If we don’t come to a unanimous decision as to a plan of reform; financially our country is doomed. Social Security has always struck me as a socialist program.... [tags: Social Security Reform]
2764 words (7.9 pages)
- Liberia owes its establishment to the American Colonization Society; founded in 1816 to resettle freed American slaves in Africa. An attempt at colonization in Sierra Leone had failed in 1815. Six years later native rulers granted a tract of land on Cape Mesurado, at the mouth of the Saint Paul River, to U.S. representatives, and the first Americo-Liberians, led by Jehudi Ashmun, began the settlement. In 1824 an American agent for the society, Ralph Randolph Gurley, named the new colony Liberia and the Cape Mesurado settlement Monrovia.... [tags: Africa]
2719 words (7.8 pages)
I think the impact of successful reform of the security forces on continuing peace has a huge effect. It has happened over and over in history. The government or ruler of that country had suppressed the people for too long and eventually they rebelled. This is one of the many ways that the peace is disturbed and cause it so that its hard to make change. And over and over again in history as soon as the problem or careless government is set right the peace is returned until the government does another stupid thing and we start all over. That is precisely the process that Egypt is going through right now. Their people are rebelling against their president and trying to make it so the police are more civil and less brutal. “These officers have established reformist organizations, such as the General Coalition of Police Officers and Officers But Honorable, and begun to push for SSR themselves.”(Hanna) The people of Liberia the people are also rebelling and a lot of the same things are happening there as well.
I personally think that for any country to try and achieve successful transformation of their security sector, whether they are post war or in a political transition, is hard. Because their are different factors in each case. In post war situations the are more vulnerable and in more of a crisis needing a stable government to help get them back on their feet. And they may also want a change but not know how to go about doing it. Even if its post war the people rebelling is another possibility. “Are Liberia’s new security forces (military and police) adequately prepared to address current and emerging threats?”(Gilpin) But there are also many trials in a political transition as well. I think that in the case of a political transition they are more stable maybe economically and ready for a change but that doesn’t mean its going to go any smoother or happen any quicker. Politicians always fight and to try to come up with the best way for everyone and hearing everyone's opinions all the time would be very tricky. Also if its political you might have people rebelling because they don’t want change or the want a different kind of change, because you can’t please everybody. Because just security sector reform in general is very difficult I think that both situations, both post war and political transition, would be hard to successfully transform.
There are many challenges that make it hard to reform but their are also ways and conditions that make it easier for it to successfully take place. In Ashour’s article he talks about all the different government groups in Egypt that do not want this reform to happen. Groups like the SSI (State Security Investigations) and the CSF (Central Security Forces) soon became a target to the revolutionists. Sayigh also talks about this issue,“The SSI’s longstanding record of unlawful detentions, disappearances, and systematic torture was well known; its “Human Rights Unit” was tasked not with protecting rights, but monitoring and repressing rights activists. The CSF, meanwhile, was seen as the armed enforcer of the regime’s will – stuffing ballot boxes or quelling demonstrations as needed.” (Sayigh) These are the groups and people that make it hard to reform. But there are also conditions that help make the transition more successful. This is most helpful in a post war country like Liberia, to have help to control and sustain peace. “With the help of the UN Mission in Liberia (UNMIL), one of the largest peacekeeping missions in the world. Liberia has resisted backsliding into conflict” (Blaney) With peace throughout the country it makes it easier for them to focus on moving forward and becoming better. Especially with their security sector reform.
To achieve sustainable peace when reforming security sectors it is important to separate police forces and military while also taking into account the challenges of reforms and the conditions that will make it successful, in both post war and/or political transitions. In Egypt and Liberia it is clear that one of the many ways to solve the security sector reform crisis is to divide the military and police and have the proper training for those who are in the forces. It is also clear that the impact of a successful security sector reform has a major effect on the people. I believe that security sector reform is always difficult, whether it be on a post war country or a country in political transition. While trying to reform security sectors you will always have challenges and conditions that make it easier or hard to accomplish the task.
1.Ashour, Omar. "From Bad Cop to Good Cop: The Challenge or Security Sector Reform
in Egypt." Bookings. CDDLR Stanford, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2012.
2.Blaney, John. "Wider Lessons for Peacebuilding: Security Sector Reform in
Liberia." Policy Analysis Brief. The Stanley Foundation, n.d. Web. 1 June
3.Gilpin, Raymond. "Revisiting Security Sector Reform in Liberia: A Discussion
with the Liberian Defense Minister." USIP. United Stares Institute of
Peace, n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2011.
4. Hanna, Michael Wahid. "Egypt Lacks the Political Will for Needed Security Sector
Reform." World Politics Review. WPR, n.d. Web. 6 Mar. 2013.
5.Sayigh, Yezid. "Reconstructing the Police State in Egypt." Carnegie Endowment.
The Global Think Tank, n.d. Web. 22 Aug. 2013.