Second Language Learning And Learner Variables Essay

Second Language Learning And Learner Variables Essay

Length: 1116 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

After reading the material we have been given about second language learning and learner variables, I’ve come to the conclusion that teaching a foreign language is very complex. It’s clear, however, that some factors and learner differences are more influential than others, and that I, as a teacher, can have an influence on most of them.
In my mind, one of the most important variables is the willingness of a learner. Learners cannot learn anything without willingness although there are many supportive elements are surrounding the learners. Research shows that students have to be willing in using and practicing the target language so that they are able to acquire it (August, 1987). There must be a reason why some students have high willingness than others, and teachers have to find it out. Most of the time, students do not understand the purpose of learning a language and they think it is hard for them to learn, and that is usually the reason why they are not willing to learn a new language. However, if students know their goals and why they have to use the language, they can get a huge progression in several weeks (August, 1987). As a teacher, I will be sure to have students understand the purpose of learning a language and assist them to set an appropriate goal.
Another factor that influences the language acquisition is the first language influence. We heard about how it is easier for learners to learn the L2 if they can find similarities between the L1 and L2 (Lightbown & Spada, 2013). It helps students to learn faster but applying the background knowledge of L1 to L2. On the other side, if there are many differences between two languages, then it is difficult to learn the language especially the sounds (Chan, 2009). Another...


... middle of paper ...


...k, which was open their mouths to speak. As a teacher, I cannot give alcohol to students, but I can develop a safe and positive learning environment to reduce their anxiety and help students to relax on learning. Encourage risk-taking is another thing that I must do in my classroom. I will always have students make one more step on learning instead of allowing them to stay in their comfort zone.
Personally, learner’s willingness on learning a language, first language influence, identity, aptitude and personalities are the five most important variables on L2 acquisition for me. Each variable has different effects on learning a language. However, there are many more other factors that have a huge influence on learning a language. Teachers’ job is to be sensitive and find out what is the main factor that bothering students’ learning so that they can solve it with them.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about An Adult Learner With The Law School Degree

- The interviewee I obviously in formal operational level. He is an adult learner with the law school degree. This means that he was able to think and analyze in a complex manner and, critically, and hypothetically of abstract things and of different variables to succeed in his college classes. He is also a visual learner, who prefers to see things and to be shown things to learn them optimally. As the students is learning new information which is culture and language, the student is organizing and adapting new information, while creating new schemes and assimilating them into existing ones, and finally he accommodates them....   [tags: Education, Learning, Motivation, Time]

Better Essays
1435 words (4.1 pages)

The Significant Roles of Self-Esteem in Learning English As Foreign Language

- In TEFL domain, we know that language learning is affected by Many factors, such as cognitive and Affective factors that it is sometimes called intrinsic factors. For being a successful learner, we should not just pay attention to one of these. Recently, Affective variables have taken much interest. They are described as” emotional side of human behavior” (Brown, 2000, p. 143) and they include many components, such as motivation, anxiety, Inhibition, self-esteem, self-actualization, self-assessment, risk-taking, empathy, and extroversion....   [tags: language, psychological factors]

Better Essays
2044 words (5.8 pages)

Language Is A Tool For People Communicating Essay

- Language is a tool for people communicating; with its development and increasing diversity, people gradually become unsatisfied by using language, as a communication method, barely to understand, instead, they are eager to interpret. They would like to know a person’s personality through his or her language speaking; they are more intended to judge others through the superficial language skill. An invisible standard continuously forms that people who have a higher language skill deserve more respect and may lead more self-confidence....   [tags: Second language, English language, Confidence]

Better Essays
993 words (2.8 pages)

Essay on Language Learning vs Language Acquisition

- Beyond having defined motivation as an intrinsic factor in language acquisition, Gardner’s Educational Model moves us to consider four relevant factors that contribute to an individual’s competence to adopt a second language. Gardner states that the environment surrounding the learner “affects, influences and determines” the individual’s beliefs and about his/her culture as well as a foreign one. While this is not new as it was first stated and revolutionized by John Dewey in his social constructivist approach to learning where the learner arrives to his “truth” through influences amongst the people and environment around him as this shapes the background and culture throughout the learning...   [tags: Gardner's educational models]

Better Essays
730 words (2.1 pages)

The Cultural Aspect Of Language Acquisition Essay

- A multitude of other factors, besides those neurological or otherwise biological in origin affect second language acquisition (Baker). We have already established that second language acquisition is influenced by the age of the learner; children, who have a literate foundation in their maternal tongue, often seem to be in the best position to successfully acquire a second language. Driven, adult learners can be very successful too, but frequently have issues achieving “native” speaker quality equivalent pronunciation and intonation....   [tags: Linguistics, Second language acquisition]

Better Essays
718 words (2.1 pages)

Language Learning Strategies For A Nutshell : Update And Esl Suggestions, Written By Rebecca L. Oxford

- The present reaction paper is based on the article called Language Learning Strategies in a Nutshell: Update and ESL Suggestions, written by Rebecca L. Oxford (2004). In her article, the author refers to learning strategies in and out of the field of second language (henceforth L2). She defines strategies as the conscious plans or actions taken by learners to improve their progress in developing L2 skills and their communicative abilities. Oxford claims that according to research, explicit instruction on language learning strategies is beneficial for students in one of two main areas: overall proficiency or specific skill improvement....   [tags: Education, Learning styles]

Better Essays
701 words (2 pages)

Essay on Cross Cultural Language Perception, Is Age A Crucial Factor?

- Cross cultural language perception, is age a crucial factor. Introduction Language has been a form of communication ever since the dawn of humanity; we most likely spoke before we could write. There is a diverse selection of languages across the globe and in today’s modern age it is not uncommon to come across a language unfamiliar to one’s self. The process of coming into contact with other languages stimulates a person’s perception, specifically cross cultural speech perception. In a world where the global gap between nations decreases through economic and technological advances, it is inevitable that you are going to encounter someone who speaks a different language....   [tags: Second language, English language, First language]

Better Essays
1167 words (3.3 pages)

How A Teacher Can Create A Positive Classroom Environment For Language Acquisition And Development

- 1. Describe three ways a teacher can create a positive classroom environment for language acquisition and development. • Three ways a teacher can create a positive classroom environment for language acquisition and development is by selecting literature form different cultures and dialects in the classroom, focusing on the pragmatics of language: how language is used differently in different situations and settings, and also learning basic greetings and expressions in a variety of languages and dialects....   [tags: Language, Linguistics, Second language]

Better Essays
1071 words (3.1 pages)

Dual Language Programs Essays

- Beyond English Development: Bilingual Approaches to Teaching Immigrant Students and English Language Learners What a feeling. Learning a new language gives individuals a new way of thinking and feeling. Learning a new kind of language involves having total commitment and total involvement from students and teachers. In the article, Beyond English Development: Bilingual Approaches to Teaching Immigrant Students and English Language Learners indicates there are various standard definitions that describe language (Billings, Martin-Beltran, and Hernandez, 2010)....   [tags: Bilingual Education, foreign language, communicat]

Better Essays
956 words (2.7 pages)

The Early Years Learning Framework For Australia Emphasis Essay

- The early years learning framework for Australia emphasis is on play-based learning through the development of communication, language, and social and emotional development (DEEWR, 2009). This links to the hands-on experience as the child was involved in a play-based experiment that involved communication, language and social and emotional development. The child posed and answered questions about the helicopter by making predictions and analysing observations. The child engaged in social and emotional development by participating and being socially active with others such as the educator and his mother....   [tags: Knowledge, Learning, Understanding, Observation]

Better Essays
708 words (2 pages)