Second Language Immersion And Bilingual Education Programs

891 Words4 Pages
Literature Review Second language immersion and bilingual education programs function on the concept that a student 's two tongues need to be separate. It is important to maintain a different space for each language, but also to teach for transfer across languages. While teaching bilingual students rather than assuming that monolingual instructional strategies are inherently superior, it is useful to explore bilingual instructional strategies. . There is an interplay between bilingual and monolingual instructional strategies within dual language programs and concrete strategies for optimizing students ' bilingual development. Different bilingual education programs of various kinds exist for a long time. Evaluative research on their implications for children’s literacy and academic development is recent. Policy makers and parents questioned the instructional time through a foreign language or minority outcome in lower accomplishment in the majority language. The dominant language is the language associated with power and status in the society. Scanlan (2007) stated that children’s achievement in that language should be of concern to parents and policy makers. Initially, it was considered that less time through the primary language would result in lower performance in that language. Positive findings of bilingual programs solved these concerns. The linguistic diversity in schools is rising. Among children aging 5 to 24, language minorities increased from 9%to 17% in twenty years. (U.S Department of National Statistics, 2004). Approximately one in five children in the U.S. are first-or second-generation immigrants, and the majority is Latino. Hernandez et al. (2009) considered them pluralistic, ranging in many dimensions, includin... ... middle of paper ... ...e grammar-translation method that has fallen into disrepute. If bilingual and immersion programs range their potential, the dominating monolingual instructional orientation is questioned. There is no research basis for two solitudes ' assumption or the direct method. In the same time, no research proves that translation (even if used accordingly), is an impediment to successful language learning. The empirical evidence that is reading serves useful pedagogical purposes. Although extensive use of the target language within the foreign/second language and bilingual/immersion programs is a helpful and important instructional strategy, it should not be implemented in a rigid or unique manner. Students’ L1 is an essential resource for learning. Bilingual instructional strategies complement monolingual policies to promote more cognitively engaged learning.

More about Second Language Immersion And Bilingual Education Programs

Open Document