The Second Constitutional Convention Essay

The Second Constitutional Convention Essay

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The Second Constitutional Convention has introduced three new ideas to the United States government to help create a more balanced effective and limited political institution. The three proposals include switching the electoral system in the House of Representatives to proportional representation. Another proposal introduced to the conveners was to change the current presidential system to a parliamentary system. The last proposal was to change the rules for the selection of senators. The proposals are vague, leaving a lot of room for the smaller details. However, after further review and thought process for each of the proposals, only one seem to be relevant to the government’s growth. 
 James Madison co-authored the U.S. Constitution keeping in mind a strong central government that will help unify the country. Madison often feared that government can change into a tyranny; he believed that men were not capable of governing themselves, because they are not “angels” (Samuels Ch. 3). This is often called Madison’s Dilemma. In the Federalist Papers, which Madison co-authored, he mentioned “If men were angels, no government would be necessary…”. Madison believed that political power should be limited to maintain a stable and effective government.
Only the first proposal, changing the electoral system for the House of Representatives to proportional representation, help advocate for Madison’s view on political institutions.The legislative branch of the U.S. government currently elects and reelects the members of both the House of Representatives and Senate using the first-past-the-post (FPTP) electoral system. Through FPTP, candidates win their seats by winning the most votes during the election; candidates just need more votes than ...


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...ng a limited and effective government. Although there might be positive outcomes from changing the executive structure and the rules for the selection of senators, both proposals do not clearly advocate for Madison’s ideal political institution. There is not enough factual evidence or possible scenarios that switching into a parliamentary system or making a governor the senator as well, contributes to a limited and effective government. However, changing the electoral system in the House of Representatives into proportional representation does contribute to fixing Madison’s Dilemma, because each state must work with one another while also giving each political party room to represent their ideas and people. The Second Constitutional Convention should only accept the proposals that help further the U.S. government’s growth into a more limited and effective government.

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