Second And Third Language Acquisition Essay

Second And Third Language Acquisition Essay

Length: 1108 words (3.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Second and third language acquisition are distinct processes which are strongly influenced by the similarity a known language has to the linguistic typology of the language being acquired. Research into multilingualism has shown that complex sociolinguistic and individual factors aside, the cognitive aspect of acquiring an additional language is facilitated by increased metalinguistic awareness and learning experience. Therefore, this essay argues that in a majority of cases trilingualism is easier to accomplish than bilingualism. However, there is no concrete evidence that after this acquisition that the patterns of competition in production for trilinguals differ in a significant manner to that of bilinguals.

The awareness individuals have about how language is used and learnt, or their metalinguistic awareness, increases with exposure to and experience with foreign languages. This experience gives bilinguals an enhanced knowledge of language as a systematic procedure and allows them to reflect on their usage and become aware of inconsistencies and mistakes faster than their monolingual counterparts (Jessner, 1999). Bilinguals who have acquired L2 after childhood also have a set of skills and experiences that are more relevant to language learning than monolinguals. Ringbom (1987) uses this concept to explain the reasons behind why his results showed that bilingual Finnish-Swedish individuals were better at learning English than monolingual Finnish speakers. There are many studies that support that the effects of becoming bilingual have positive consequences on the speed and ease of acquiring a third language (Keshavarz, 2004) (Jessner, 1999) (Ringbom, 1987). In the process of third language acquisition bilinguals are therefo...


... middle of paper ...


...stulated that the presumption that Latinate Spanish is more similar to Italian and French than Germanic English resulted in the choice to transfer linguistic knowledge from Spanish, whether it helps or hinders acquisition. This study shows that proximity in linguistic typology is a dominant factor in the determination of whether to use L1 or L2 as a base for leaning L3.

However it is only clear that this is the main force behind the implicit choice of which language to base L3 upon, when one of the languages is, to the learner, distinctly more similar to the L3 than the other. (Rothman, 2010) (Hammarberg, 2001) In situations where it is not possible for an individual to determine whether L1 or L2 is closer in typology to L3, there is no impact of this factor on which language is used for cross-linguistic transfer. This would occur when the typology of L1, L2 and L3

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The Impact of Culture on Second Language Acquisition

- Introduction The issue of English language learning has been always a controversial one for almost all non-English language countries around the world these days. However, it seems language learning difficulties are not restricted to those who attempt to learn English. This is the same issue when an English speaker attempts to learn another language especially the Middle Eastern or Asian Languages. There are several hypotheses and theories concerning the language learning difficulties from different perspectives....   [tags: Language ]

Better Essays
931 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Explore the Effect of a Critical Period on Second Language Acquisition

- Critical Period Hypothesis: Critical Period (CP) refers to a specific and ‘fixed’ or invariant period of time during which an organism’s neural functioning is open to effects of external experiential input. To be specific, there are three important essentials in this conception. Firstly, this developmental period is biologically determined; the onset, end and the length of the critical period are invariant, which is the consequences of some internal clock that keeps time independent of what happens during the window of time....   [tags: Second Language Acquisition]

Better Essays
2938 words (8.4 pages)

The Second Language Acquisition Theories Essays

- Second Language Acquisition Theories (Summarization of Cummins’ and Krashen 's Theories and Implications to ELL)
 According to Cummins, the first type of communication is Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills (BICS) and it pertains to the social development of a language which can normally be attained fairly quickly within the first few years of acquiring a new language. The social conversations are usually informal forms of communicating where individuals use this type of communicating when speaking or listening to another individual face to face where the vocabulary content is less difficult....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Better Essays
1111 words (3.2 pages)

How Language Acquisition Will Be Motivation Essay

- People have been interested for thousands of years in how babies seem to be so effortlessly and universally successful in learning their first language. After many years of research, linguists today believe that first language acquisition is the result of a complex set of factors which make unique contributions (and which undoubtedly operate interactively with each other). According to the latest research, perhaps the most important of these factors is the innate capacity all human brains have at birth to process language....   [tags: Language acquisition, Second language acquisition]

Better Essays
1157 words (3.3 pages)

Questions On Second Language Acquisition Theories Essay

- P1.A1. Second Language Acquisition Theories Steven Krashen developed 5 theories of Second Language Development. The Acquisition-Learning Hypothesis states that people acquire language naturally, without any formal training, simply through their interactions with others (Freeman and Freeman p.62). Language learning, however, is a more complex process which requires instruction. Both of these processes are necessary for a person to acquire a second language. Implications for teaching include creating authentic social interaction time with peers in the classroom, collaboration with peers, modeling appropriate language use and using repetition (Vose)....   [tags: Language acquisition, Linguistics]

Better Essays
1043 words (3 pages)

Why Is Second Language Acquisition Fundamentally Different From First Language Merger?

- Why is second language acquisition fundamentally different from first language acquisition. It is a wonderful capacity when humans start to pick up their first own words in their first life. This is a first way that humans start to communicate with others, start to send their feeling by using some amazing samples that everyone can understand. These samples called a language. This paper first, argues why first language acquisition is fundamentally different from second language acquisition in light of the fact that acquiring first language is innate....   [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
1809 words (5.2 pages)

Teaching Strategies For Acquiring A Second Language Essay

- Acquiring a second language at any age presents the learner with many challenges, as well as, an added avenue in which to explore the environment, culture, and complexities of a new language. Learners regardless of age may have a specific need or desire to learn another language, such as: to be able to communicate, desire to connect with others from another culture, enable them to achieve a goal, gain enrichment, or to access education, the list is endless. In the learning process all language learners, whether primary or second language learners, go through stages in acquiring a language and will have many factors that may impede or promote the learning process....   [tags: Second language, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
1088 words (3.1 pages)

Second Language Learning And Learner Variables Essay

- After reading the material we have been given about second language learning and learner variables, I’ve come to the conclusion that teaching a foreign language is very complex. It’s clear, however, that some factors and learner differences are more influential than others, and that I, as a teacher, can have an influence on most of them. In my mind, one of the most important variables is the willingness of a learner. Learners cannot learn anything without willingness although there are many supportive elements are surrounding the learners....   [tags: Language acquisition, Second language acquisition]

Better Essays
1116 words (3.2 pages)

Second Language Acquisition in Childhood Essay

- Children acquire their native language, which fall within a wide range of languages, at a very early stage of development. During development, a child begins to show signs of verbal communication, usually starting out as cooing, babbling, recognizable words, and later two or more word sentences. This occurrence is also seen in the development of second languages. Second language acquisition is the study of how second languages are typically developed. The process of acquiring our native language is very similar and influential to the development of a second language....   [tags: Language]

Better Essays
1204 words (3.4 pages)

English Learning in China and Foreign Language Acquisition Essay example

- 1. Introduction Nowadays English an international language plays a more and more important role in the world. China wants to communicate well with the outside world and CEnglish has become the most useful instrument. The Ministry of Education has made the policy on English teaching in the primary school. Their reason is that English should be taught as early as possible. It's true that we need more people who can speak good English and communicate with other countries so as to bring economic profit to our country and introduce China to the world Cand to improve the country's image in the world, but is it the truth that teaching English in primary school is well preparedCor is everyth...   [tags: Foreign Language Acquisition]

Free Essays
6090 words (17.4 pages)