Your search returned over 400 essays for "urbanisation"
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Causes and Effects of Poverty and Urbanisation on a Global Community

- Urbanisation and Poverty are two economic patterns that hold ongoing trends that some individuals may find troubling. Urbanisation refers to the rising number of people who occupy in urban areas. It mainly results in the physical expansion of urban areas. The United Nations estimated that half of the globe's population would settle in urban areas at the close of 2008.(International Herald Tribune)Thirty-five years from now, it is expressed that 64.1% and 85.9% of the developing and developed world respectively are going to be urbanised.(The Economist....   [tags: urbanisation, extreme poverty, beijing]

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Urbanisation in India

- INTRODUCTION Urbanisation refers to peoples changing attitude towards social life and modernization. It is a process by which there is an increase in proportion of people living in urban area, leading to transformation of land for residential, commercial, and industrial purposes. The basic reason for increasing urbanisation is increase in the number of people moving into cities, for jobs, higher education, and better future prospective and for much higher quality of life. It also allows an easy flow of information, more technological development....   [tags: social life, modernization]

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Benefits and Problems Associated With Urbanisation

- What are the Benefits and Problems Associated with Urbanisation. In the years following the Industrial Revolution, the practice of urbanisation became much more prevalent. Urbanisation has lead to an increase in the population of cities while leading to a decline in rural population. The effects of Urbanisation can be both positive and negative, whether it is on the peoples, the society or the environment. The practice of urbanisation has brought with it, many arguments as to whether it is a positive or negative phenomena....   [tags: industrial revolution, massive population]

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The Importance Urbanisation in India

- INTRODUCTION Urbanisation refers to peoples changing attitude towards social life and modernization. It is a process by which there is an increase in proportion of people living in urban area, leading to transformation of land for residential, commercial, and industrial purposes. The basic reason for increasing urbanisation is increase in the number of people moving into cities, for jobs, higher education, and better future prospective and for much higher quality of life. Urbanization allows for easier flow of information, more resistance to anti-progressive forces like nobles or religious officials, and more technological evolution....   [tags: social life, modernization]

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Relationship Between Urbanisation and Climate Change

- Index Topic Page no. Introduction 3 Rationale 3 Key Issues How climate change and urbanisation relate Local perspective National perspective Global perspective 4 Analysis 5 Conclusion 6 Learning Outcome 6 Bibliography 6 Acknowledgement 7 Association between Climate Change and Urbanisation Introduction Urbanisation refers to the physical progression of urban areas....   [tags: Global Warming Essays]

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Anthropogenic Forces: Urbanisation

- Urbanisation is one of the most influential, irrevocable and evident anthropogenic forces in the world. It is specified by the World Health Organisation (2014) as the “demographic transition from rural to urban and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service.” In the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects report (2006, p.3), it is anticipated that 4.9 billion people on Earth are expected to become urban residents by 2030, in comparison to the current data of 1.92 billion....   [tags: from agriculture to industrialization]

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- Urbanisation Urbanisation is the increase in the proportion of people who live in cities. There is a great increase in the rate of urbanisation all around the world. During the nineteenth century urbanisation took place in the UK. However in developed countries like the UK, urbanisation seems to be slowing down. However in less developed countries urbanisation is taking place. Urbanisation has taken place all over the world. One of the major reasons for it is because there are better paid jobs in the city; so more people want the ideal lifestyle, a nice house and lots of money....   [tags: Papers]

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Explaining the Term Urbanisation

- Explaining the Term Urbanisation Urbanisation is the process in which the number of people living in cities increases compared with the number of people living in rural areas. A country is considered to be urbanised when over 50% of its population lives in urban places. In the UK the movement of people from rural to urban areas followed the industrial revolution as people were needed to work in the factories in the CBD. It took place throughout the 19th and Early 20th Centuries in Europe and North America....   [tags: Papers]

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The Effects of Rapid Urbanisation on Urban Areas

- The Effects of Rapid Urbanisation on Urban Areas Urbanisation is the growth in the proportion of people living in urban areas compared to rural areas and has rapidly taken place over the last 200 years, particularly between 1800 and 1850, where there was a population explosion. Also, more recently, between 1950 and 1990, the proportion of people in the world living in urban areas increased by 20%. Currently the rate of urbanisation is much less rapid in MEDC’s than LEDC’s as a large majority of the population are already living in urban areas....   [tags: Papers]

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Investigating the Impact of Urbanisation in Santiago, Chile

- Investigating the Impact of Urbanisation in Santiago, Chile Introduction I am looking at the effects which have taken place in Santiago due to urbanisation and also what their government has done to make it better. The urbanisation that has taken place in Chile’s capital city has the same causes, problems and advantages as many other cities. The main aspect to look at is the growth in population and the density of the city. This tells us how rapidly or slowly urbanisation has taken place over a period of time....   [tags: Papers]

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What gave rise to urbanisation in the mediterranean

- “What gave rise to urbanisation in the Mediterranean region?” What is urbanisation. To ‘urbanise’ is to ‘make (a rural area) more industrialized and urban’ , urban meaning ‘of or living in a city or town’ . Marja C.V. Vink argues that “The word urbanization was used for the first time in Spain a little more than one hundred years ago” to show the “quantitative and qualitative growth if cities” . The degree of urbanisation is quite different when comparing towns or cities of antiquity to the modern understanding of an urban centre; however, essentially it is the same process....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Urban Poverty Around The World From My View

- URBAN POVERTY AROUND THE WORLD FROM MY VIEW Introduction Urbanisation and Poverty are two economic patterns that hold ongoing trends that some individuals may find disturbing. Urbanisation refers to the rising number of people who occupy in urban areas. It mainly results in the physical expansion of urban areas. The United Nations estimated that half of the globe's population would settle in urban areas at the close of 2008. (International Herald Tribune)Thirty-five years from now it is expressed that 64.1% and 85.9% of the developing and developed world respectively are progressing to be urbanised....   [tags: Urbanisation, Poverty, Economic Patterns]

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Problems Due To Urbanization

- Recently, as developed countries, many cities have become more suitable to live in with all facilities that people need in favor of a comfortable live style. Therefore, many people migrate from rural areas to urban areas in a process so called urbanization (Wikipedia, 2009). Urbanization has become one of the most important issues facing both people live and governments in most countries. An important term that has been suggested as a policy to solve the problems associated with urbanization is sustainable development....   [tags: Urbanization]

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How Urbanisation Significantly Influences Bird Communities in Significant Ways

- ... Specifically, differences were seen between the abundance of native and exotic species. It shows that the two species in question respond differently to the changing landscapes; exotic species outnumber native birds with increasing urbanisation. More modification and land cover of impermeable surfaces decreases the abundance of resources available to bird populations (Blair 1996). This in turn, gives advantage to the more resilient bird species, which are mainly non native (Whitney and Adams 1980)....   [tags: native Australian birds]

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Urbanisation and Changes in Scottish Leisure, Religion and Education

- Urbanisation and Changes in Scottish Leisure, Religion and Education In the 1880s people in Scotland were just as likely to live in a town or city as they were to live in the countryside. However by 1939 this had radically changed and most people were now urban dwellers. The process of urbanisation during this time is thought by many historians to have "affected the lives of ordinary people in all sorts of ways" (Sydney Wood). In particular there was notable changes in leisure, religion and education....   [tags: Papers]

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The Effects Urbanisation Is Having on Australias' Waterways and What Changes Can Be Implemented in Order to Safeguard Australias' Future

- ... Low rates of phosphorus release from sediment occur in the pH range from 5-7 (Connell, D.W., and Miller, G.J. 1984). In particular, however; - In Australia, nitrogen and phosphorus export in rivers (to coastal waterways) increases with the extent of catchment cleared; A review conducted by G. Harris on behalf of the Department of Environment in 2001, outlined the health of Australia’s’ waterways focusing on land use and water quality. Australia is a flat lying country, at around 50% clearance, there is a sharp increase in export of salinity, suspended solids and nutrients to the waterways and groundwater....   [tags: environmental issues and concerns]

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The Implications of Rapid Urbanization

- Urbanization is the process of human migration from rural areas to towns and cities, thus rapid urbanization means that the rate at which the migration from rural to urban takes place is hurried that a country has no time to plan for their existence at the cities. The situation differs from country to country as the number of cities and rural areas in the countries are different. Another possible reason for the difference is the development nature of the countries; some countries are developed, others are developing while others are considered least developed....   [tags: Urbanization]

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The Effects of Urbanization

- Urbanization Urbanization is the gradual constant increase in the population of people in urban areas or rather cities. Urbanization is mostly associated with the rural-urban migration phenomenon that takes place when people move in large numbers from rural areas into urban areas in order to seek a better life quality (R.Faridi, 2012) (Tellnes P, 2014). As much as that can be said it is the only way that the population increases, people may also move from other their own urban areas to other more urbanized areas if they chose to do so....   [tags: population growth, agriculture]

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Urbanization in China

- Urbanization (or urbanisation) is the increasing number of people that live in urban areas. Urbanization has been the result of economic growth for most countries. In fact, every developed nation in the world has gone through urbanization and this is no news to Chinese leaders. To turn the nation of China from being a developing nation to a developed nation, China encouraged the migration of citizens from the countryside to move to large cities and fuel the industrializing nation. Though urbanization has been a process many countries have gone through, China’s urbanization plans are very distinct compared to western examples....   [tags: population, economic growth]

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Urbanization Of The Asian Continent

- 1.0 INTRODUCTION In 2007, 50% of the world’s population became urban dwellers, this meant that approximately 3.3 billion persons were dwelling in cities across the globe. It is also projected that another 500 million persons will become urban dwellers in another 5 years, and there are further indications that by 2030, about 60% of the world’s population will be urban dwellers (FIG Commission, 2010). Wealth generation and economic development have birthed a new phenomenon known as megacities, which are urban areas with an average population of 10 million or more persons, and 19 of such cities exist around the world at the moment (FIG Commission, 2010)....   [tags: City, Urban area, Urbanization]

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The Negative Effects of Urbanization on People and their Environment

- The Negative Effects of Urbanization on People and their Environment As our world becomes increasingly globalized, numerous people travel to urban areas in search of economic prosperity. As a consequence of this cities in periphery countries expand at rates of 4 to 7 percent annually. Many cities offer entrepreneurs the potential for resources, labor, and resources. With prosperity cities also allow the freedom to of a diversity of way of life and manners (Knox & Marston, 2012). However, in the quest to be prosperous, increasing burdens are placed on our health and the condition of our environment....   [tags: Environmental Management, Urbanization]

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Urbanization And Development Of Modernization

- 1.Introduction Urbanization is related to development of modernization and industrialization signifies an expanding urban population and an extension of the building up territory of cities (Brade, I. ; Kovacs, Z., 2014). From 1949 to 1979, the rate of urbanization rose from 10.64 per cent to 18.96 per cent respectively (the United Nations, 2014). Comparatively, urbanization in 1978 grew triple the rate of the in 1978 , increasing almost 1 percentage point in ever year from 18.96 per cent to 46.6 per cent between 1998 and 2009 that means 622 million people are living in big or small cities and towns (Xinhua Netnews, March 30, 2010)....   [tags: City, Urban area, Town, 2008 Sichuan earthquake]

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Urbanization in North and South by Elizabeth Gaskell

- ... There life was simpler and there were no class tensions, the air was healthy, the people were interested in education and conversation, their manners genteel. In the North, however, the air was dirty, factories caused illness and death and money was valued more than learning. Margaret speaks of Helstone in a dreamy fashion to Henry Lennox in a very poetic and imaginative speech, “And I too change perpetually—now this, now that—now disappointed and peevish because all is not exactly as I had pictured it, and now suddenly discovering that the reality is far more beautiful than I had imagined it....   [tags: industrialization, conflicts, landscape]

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Urbanization Has Negatively Affected Biological Diversity

- Every year thousands of species become extinct as a result of the human population increasing and creating new living environment, but at the same time several species are becoming more diverse. While the increasing amount of homes being build is associated with just being beneficial to human it can also be beneficial to the biodiversity, which is an indicator of the various species in a particular habitat, of several diversities. Such as the diversity grown and functionality of trees, North American amphibians, and forest-dwelling mammals, etc (Nock, Paquette, Follett, Nowak, & Messier, 2013; Gregg, Jones & Dawson, 2003; Scheffers & Paszkowski, 2012; Villarseñor, Driscoll, Escobar, Gibbons,...   [tags: Urban area, City, Ecology, Urbanization]

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Why Does Urbanization Occur?

- Urbanisation is the process which has led to an increasing proportion of a country's population living within urban areas. It is impossible to say exactly when the process began, but in Britain it was around the time of the industrial revolution. Many people moved from rural to urban areas in search of regular employment. The MEDC's around the world are all urbanised now, with annual growth rates of urbanisation still increasing, but sustainably. LEDC's however are still rapidly urbanising. In this essay I am going to look at all the factors that cause urbanisation and evaluate why it is occurring....   [tags: World Cultures]

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Geography: The Urbanization of Bangkok

- City characteristics: Bangkok was just a city, until General Chao Phraya Chakkri, the founder of the ruling Chakkri dynasty, took over the throne as Rama 1. After General Chao Phraya Chakkri was crowned Rama 1, he strategically moved the Capital from the west to the east bank of the Chao Phraya River to make it harder for the Burmese to invade and to have a better trading post with other western countries. Thereafter, Bangkok grew modernised and grew rapidly during the 1960's. Today Bangkok is now the central of politics, economy, education, media and the modern society....   [tags: tourism, population, urbanization]

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Urbanization And Development Of Urbanization

- Urbanization is population moving from rural to urban areas, increase in population living in urban areas and the ways in which people adapt to this change. Mainly, it is the process through which cities are formed and become larger as the population increases and more number of people start living and working in the central areas. The United Nation forecasted that world’s half population would start living in urban areas at the end of 2008. It is estimated that about 64% of developing countries and 86% of developed countries will be urbanized by 2050....   [tags: City, Urban area, Population, Demography]

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Urbanization Of Urbanization And Its Effects On The World

- Too Much of a Good Thing Humans have been changing the environment for thousands of years. With the advent of agriculture, humans began to effect the land in more ways then before. Rapid change in the way we channeled rivers to grow crops soon began to change where cities grew around certain areas. It also allowed areas with little rain to be able to grow food, allowing for further expansion of civilizations. When the industrial revolution came to America, Americans began to see more urbanization....   [tags: Urban area, City, Village, Town]

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The Urbanization of Poverty

- The majority of poor people are those who experience chronic -- and even multigenerational -- poverty (Iceland, 2003). In the United States many of the chronically poor live in urban environments. These environments, characterized by high concentrations of poor high concentrations of people of color and concentrated disadvantage, have been characterized as areas of moral as well as economic failure. In this paper, I will contend that conditions in these regions serve to hold individuals in poverty and to perpetuate multigenerational poverty through diminished human capital and reduced social capital....   [tags: Urban Enclaves of Poverty]

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Processes and Dynamics in a Big Metropolis

- Introduction One of the mainly electrifying essentials of contemporary period is the urbanisation of the globe. For sociological reasons a city is a comparatively great, crowded and lastingly community of diverse people. In metropolitan areas urban sociology is the sociological research of life, human interaction and their role in the development of society. Modern urban sociology creates from the work of sociologists such as Max Weber and Georg Simmel who put forward the economic, social and intellectual development of urbanisation and its consequences....   [tags: city, urbanization, social]

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Urbanization in Africa

- Urbanization is the movement from a rural society to an urban society, and involves a growth in the number of people in urban areas. Urban growth is increasing in both the developed but mostly in the developing countries. Urbanization is associated with the problems of unemployment, poverty, bad health, poor cleanliness, urban slums environmental deprivation. This causes a very big problem for these developing countries and who are some of poorest countries. Africa urbanization is not as big as most developing countries but is on the rise for it outbursts in city growth lately....   [tags: Development, Urban Trend]

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Effects of Urbanization

- Urbanization and Sustainable Development Tang 1 Iris    We all know the urbanization rate is an index to value the development of a country. However, though urbanization provides great convenience to some individuals, it also brings about negative effects. Problems such as pollution, overcrowded and the high unemployment appear during the process of urbanization and they are hard to cope with. In face of the sequence of problems, a new way of development ----sustainable development was put forward....   [tags: Benefits of Sustainable Development]

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Agriculture and Urbanization

- Mark Luccarilli gives a concise review of Bill Bryson’s A Walk in the Woods that is published in Issue No. 5 in autumn of 1999. Throughout his review he mentions many times that Benton MacKaye’s original ideas for the Appalachian Trail have not been implemented and that the trail itself could be considered a failure by MacKaye’s terms. Luccarilli acknowledges the fact that the United States, as a whole has failed to create a middle ground incorporating agriculture and nature, and he also explicitly states that, “The notion of a pastoral city may strike us as utopian folly at its height” (Luccarilli 2)....   [tags: garden cities]

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Urbanization and Crime

- With a 10% increase in crime rate since 2009, budding city St. John’s (Newfoundland and Labrador) soared 19.2% above the national average and in 2010 placed as seventh in Canada’s overall crime rated cities (Brennan, 2011). The level of crime relative to suburban or rural areas has recently become an accepted theory in criminology. Regardless of the data source used, crime statistics consistently reflect that urban crime rates are substantially greater than crime rates in non-urban areas. More so, population size has been shown to be an important predictor of crime rates across cities, not only in Canada, but all over the world....   [tags: Social Studies]

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Urbanization in Jamaica

- I. Introduction Often misconstrued as an idealistic destination, Jamaica is a very stratified entity when it comes to the have and have not’s. The institution of slavery has shaped the physical landform of the country and inadvertently created fragmented and informal communities. This is further reiterated by the continuous division of garrisons “shantytowns” and gated communities prevalent within the urban fabric. The structural readjustment of the government in efforts to alleviate debt has reinforced the ideology of privatization and splintered urbanism....   [tags: haves, have nots, garrisons, shantytowns]

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Mesoamerica and Complex societies

- which theory played the biggest part in transformation. Why did it occur in Mesoamerica. Mesoamerica went through a radical transformation since the adaptation of agriculture from their hunter-gather societies into reformed Mayan city states under the control of political hierarchies. The authenticities of these leaders was determined by surplus of goods, particularly maize which was a significant part of their culture and religious connections to the Mayan gods, goddesses and deities. This transformation initiated from Pre-Olmec Period to the Late Classic Maya Period....   [tags: Transformation, Theories, Urbanization]

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The Relationship Between Urbanization and Industrialization

- The industrial Revolution, starting in late 18th century, had a significant urbanizing effect. Industrialization is the basic driving force of urbanization and urbanization, cities, are the important land for industrialization. Industrialization and urbanization are just like brothers that grow and develop together and developed each other (Lexicon Universal Encyclopedia, 1997). Industrialization is the initiator of urbanization and urbanization is the inevitable result of industrialization. The inventions of railroad tracks, automobiles, telephones, airplanes and electricity are a part of industrialization and the growth of cities, urbanization, during the late 1800s and early 1900s....   [tags: american history, industrial revolution]

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Factors and Effects of Urbanization in Pakistan

- Pakistan’s present population is about 1/3 urban. though, that outline will increase to nearly 50% by 2025. This short studies the drivers of Pakistan’s urbanization, and highlights together the positive and negative inference of the country’s change to an additional urban position. Much of Pakistan’s urbanization is determined by migration. In past decades, Indian Muslims and Afghans escaped to Pakistani metropolis to escape conflict back home. these days, rural Pakistanis are inflowing cities to escape war, uncertainty and natural ruin, and also to found new occupation and better essential services....   [tags: population, environment, climate change]

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The Age of Urbanization and Its Problems

- To accommodate the growth of economy and the population, the entire world is faced with urbanization and a series of problems caused by it. There is consensus behind the situation that sustainable development would be an effective way to deal with these problems. But this thesis is going to talk about the spirit of the problems and explain that the problems are unsolvable in the situation of the age of urbanization. Introduction Many urban problems derive from three big ones: Lack of energy, pollution and overpopulation....   [tags: energy, pollution, overpopulation]

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The Spread of Urbanization in the World

- ... Somalia lacks financial resources to pay the police and military in Somalia. The Somalia police and military pay are very low and some officers were accepting bribes from criminals. In urban cities electricity, water and food is easy to access than in rural environments. In rural people must depend on their land and livestock to provide food and a way of life. A major flood in 2006 destroyed the central and southern parts of Somalia. Property and land was damaged causing many Somalian residents be displaced....   [tags: development, conditions, population]

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Living in Cities, Urbanization and Globalization

- Over time the development of towns and cities has drastically increased since the old cities back in biblical times. The first city known to history was the city of Byblos, which had the reputation for oldest city in the world and dates back to the third millennium. In ancient Greece the term for the city of all cities was called Megapolis, examples of one now would be New York City or Chicago. Cities back in the past were clearly different and constructed compared to modern cities now. A city is defined as permanent settlement, but it doesn’t just start out as a city it has to build it up....   [tags: development of towns and cities increase]

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The Power of Urbanization in China

- Recently, urbanization has become the leitmotif of the Chinese policymakers. Thus, during the meeting between Li Keqiang, Chinese Prime Minister, and Jim Yong Kim, Governor of the World Bank in November 2012, Li Keqiang said that urbanization "represents the greatest potential for growth in the coming years". For the current Chinese rural residents who eventually become urban residents, this urbanization allows them to get jobs and also increase their salaries as dynamic cities offered a lot of opportunities, especially in construction (Lecture 9)....   [tags: rural, urban, residents, economy]

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The White Tiger: Challenges of Urbanization

- Recent years have witnessed a large number of Indian English fiction writers who have stunned the literary world with their works. The topics dealt with are contemporary and populist and the English is functional, communicative and unpretentious. Novels have always served as a guide, a beacon in a conflicting, chaotic world and continue to do so. A careful study of Indian English fiction writers show that there are two kinds of writers who contribute to the genre of novels: The first group of writers include those who are global Indians, the diasporic writers, who are Indians by birth but have lived abroad, so they see Indian problems and reality objectively....   [tags: Indian English fiction writers, Aravind Adiga]

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A Survey Report On A Interview Survey

- In 1998, an interview surveys were conducted in the Harbin area of Heilongjiang Province which located in north east part of China. Harbin is one of the ten largest cities in China and therefore, there was a high concentration of rural-urban migrants. Since the dual nature of urban labour market consists of formal and informal sector, there were two separate surveys conducted in Harbin City. Interviews in the urban informal sector survey used the open-ended questionnaires and the sampling was random because 131 workers were selected randomly at all places....   [tags: Urban area, City, Village, Urbanization]

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Modern Urban Sociology

- Introduction One of the mainly electrifying essentials of contemporary period is the urbanisation of the globe. For sociological reasons a city is a comparatively great, crowded and lastingly community of diverse individuals. In metropolitan areas urban sociology is the sociological research of life, human interaction and their role in the growth of society. Modern urban sociology creates from the work of sociologists such as Max Weber and Georg Simmel who put forward the economic, social and intellectual development of urbanisation and its consequences....   [tags: urbanization of the globe, Baudelaire]

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Urbanization Of The United States

- During the 1850s, the northern half of the United States had increasingly modernized. This is known as Urbanization, which is a shift in the United States from rural to urban areas. When populations of people grow in a certain areas, the population of a place may go into cities near by. American urbanization let to more job opportunities for families and people needed jobs in order to make more money. I agree that Urbanization was a positive development that demonstrated American progress. There were positive outcomes in society, politics, race and gender....   [tags: United States, Industrial Revolution]

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Urbanization Problems and Sustainable Development

- Cities all over the world are developing. As war ended in 1942, a significant number of people move to the city because they want to improve life. This urbanization process is causing a number of problems and should be met by sustainable development policies. In the beginning, it is important to know the definition of sustainable development. There are some definitions for sustainable development, but simply they say that sustainable development is a development which using resources now and preserving them for future generations (Adams, 1999, p.137)....   [tags: Social Issues]

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Urbanization in the Kurdistan Region

- Introduction Urbanization: The process by which more and more people leave the countryside to live in cities (Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary). Sustainable development: The ability of an activity or development to continue in the long term without undermining that part of the environment which sustains it (Scottish Natural Heritage, 1993). The process of urbanization and the population growth across the world has been increasing over the last 40 years, and it is expected to happen in the developing countries' urban areas....   [tags: Sustainable Development]

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The Deteriorating World of Urbanization

- As populations around the world begin to exponentially rise, it is becoming quite evident that an influx of rapid urbanization is increasingly affecting global cities. Rural populations are shrinking as both megacities and hyper cities form – however, these various cities that are emerging are not remotely urbanized, lacking serious levels of growth. Fluctuating populations are ultimately severing the economic stability of less industrialized countries. Mike Davis, a modern day Marxist and author of “Planet of Slums”, vividly illustrates the great disasters that humans are forced to live with on a day-to-day basis throughout the Third World....   [tags: levels, growth, economic, disasters]

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Urbanization & Applied Anthropology

- Urbanization is the process of life for many and the desired way of life for many others. Human beings both inhabit urban and rural areas today all over the world. Many people may be disappointed with the development of an increasing number of urban areas. Many peoples once rural areas are now swallowed up directly as cities sprawl outward. The effects of urbanization both positive and negative get examined in the following paragraphs. In addition, who is most effected by urbanization and who plays a role in preventing and/or properly planning development will also be revealed....   [tags: Anthropology ]

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Urbanization Is An Essential Part Of Development For A State

- Urbanization to some people is viewed as a good thing because of the many opportunities it presents. Such as greater accessibility and closeness of jobs. But the negative impact that urbanization has, has not been fully examined only till the close of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. In the article "Urbanization in Developing Countries, the author Vernon Henderson looks at the form that urbanization takes, in the degree of concentration within a typical institutional and policy context rather than urbanization alone, next on why urban concentration sometimes increases strongly in developing countries , and he explores the policies and institutions that help sha...   [tags: Economics, Economy, Economic development]

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The Creation Of New Beginnings Through Urbanization

- The creation of new beginnings through urbanization The current review will focus on the study done by Cheleen Mahar of Pacific University in the book Anthropology and Studies of Cultural Systems and World Economic Development. The author focuses on an ethnographic study that analyzes the effects of urbanization of a small suburban Mexican town; Colonia Popular in Oaxaca, Mexico. Through direct fieldwork, the author analyzes the lives of the people from Oaxaca, and how the creation of new businesses affects their lives....   [tags: Urban area, City, Town, Urban planning]

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The Major Problems Associated with Rapid Urbanization

- ... Many incipient migrants to cities in LEDCs cannot afford housing. They are coerced to build ephemeral accommodation in spontaneous settlements. Rio de Janerio, Brazil's most sizably voluminous settlements, contains a population of approximately 11.7 million people. Natural Increase is one reason for its magnification (this is when the birth rate is higher than the death rate). The population has withal grown as the result of urbanization. This has been caused by rural to urban migration. Millions of people have migrated from Brazil's rural areas to Rio de Janeiro....   [tags: cities, urban areas]

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Analysis Of ' Open City '

- Teju Cole’s debut novel, Open City, depicts Julius’s peripatetic journeys in New York City, as well as abroad, whilst reflecting their connotations to his past. Cole utilizes his main character’s driving narration to explore urbanization and urbanism (2011). To distinguish, urbanization refers to the growth in population within city areas, and the way in which societies adapt from rural to urban areas, opposed to urbanism which defines the features of social interactions within these areas (Pugh, 1966)....   [tags: New York City, City, Urban area, Urbanization]

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Sustainable development, a new way of urbanization

- Introduction Urbanization, which is becoming a buzzword during the last few decades, is enlarging at a booming speed. It is predicted that 93 percents urban growth will occur to the year 2020, in the developing world (Elliot J.A, 1999). Generally speaking, more than half of the people around the world have been moved to cities, which led to a series of “matters” connected with people’s life that changed in a dramatical way. In this period, sustainable development, another buzzword during the past few years, came into people’s view and gradually became the mainstream of society development....   [tags: Electricity Consumption, Desertification]

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How Urbanization is Defining the New Generation

- Urbanization is one of the defining words of the new generation. Since 2008, more than half of the world population resided in cities and towns. By 2030, that figure is set to grow to 5 billion, about two- thirds of the population. Currently over one billion children live in an urban environment worldwide. Urban environments are unique, often said to “attract and generate wealth, jobs and investment, and therefore are associated with economic development.” The figures and statements used to generalize these urban areas are incredibly misleading, with poverty and aging education infrastructure over shadowed by small percentage of high preforming and wealthy individuals....   [tags: environments, education, infrastructure]

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Rapid Urbanization During The Nineteenth Century

- During the nineteenth century, England underwent major social and economic changes resulting from London 's rapid urbanization. These changes were highlighted by a drastic rise in population. Between 1831 and 1901, the population of London jumped from under two million to roughly six and a half million. This population growth was caused by a combination of immigration from other countries and an influx of citizens from rural England. A result of the population increase was a much larger working class, which led to a rise of the middle class to fill the great divide between London 's wealthy and poor....   [tags: Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist, Oliver!, Nancy]

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2159 words | (6.2 pages) | Preview

Population Growth: The Problems Created By Urbanization

- As the world continues to evolve, it is evident that population growth is one of the leading issues humans face. The 21st century world has displayed how science, medicine, and technology have been able to sustain human life, while also creating a human birth boom. Although many of these advancements are positive, they also bring forth many challenges that society must learn to face. The rise of megacities such as Mumbai, India are key examples of how urbanization in search for better opportunity has led to many problems such as poverty, poor living and health conditions, and extreme depletion of resources within the environment....   [tags: poverty, poor living, overpopulation]

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1279 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Global Climate, Coastal Cities, and Urbanization

- Over the years, climate has been changing creating sea levels to rise and more people are moving to the cities looking for jobs and opportunities leading to land in urban areas to subside. Because of this, the world’s coastal cities are at an increasing risk of dangerous (economically and physically) flooding. Cities on the coast have different defenses to help prevent flooding but these defenses are geared towards today’s current state. With the rise of sea levels these defenses will no longer be applicable and the city will flood....   [tags: Climate Change, Sea Levels, Flooding]

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1352 words | (3.9 pages) | Preview

Impacts Of Urbanization

- Many villagers and small town dwellers want a living in big cities. With some expectations, they make a movement from villages to big cities. This migration from rural areas to big cities is called urbanization. There are two kinds of factors why rural people seek for urban life. The first one is urban pull factor. They dream for higher wages, better housing and utilities, better school and hospital, more jobs opportunity, and more experience that they can get it all from a living in big cities as they think....   [tags: essays research papers]

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396 words | (1.1 pages) | Preview

Communities and Urbanization

- COMMUNITIES & URBANIZATION Introduction George Murdock once said that a community is one of the two truly universal units of society organization, the other one being family (Schaefer, 461). We are all part of a community, and in many cases, we are a part of multiple ones. In chapter 20 of our textbook, we are looking at communities and urbanization. It discusses urbanization and how communities originate. It also looks at the different types of communities....   [tags: essays research papers]

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Urbanization in Romania During the Twentieth Century up to Today

- Urbanization in Romania Our group is presenting the economic development of Romania. My part includes four topics. They are urbanization, the industrial manufacturing, agriculture economy and informal economy. All of them increased rather rapidly after the fall of the communism. Although the industrial manufacturing in Romania decreased tremendously at first, it later increased. In the urbanization part, there are statistics showing the annual rates of urban population change in Romania from the pre-world war I period to nowadays....   [tags: economic development]

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1028 words | (2.9 pages) | Preview

Evaluating Donald Johnson 's ' China Rethinks Urbanization '

- Evaluating Donald Johnson’s “China Rethinks Urbanization” The fast pasted, and overpopulated region of China is coming face to face with a problem that it may not be able to overcome unless serious implications are put into place within the near future. The problem that is arising, is some 100 million new residents are expected settle in the region by the year 2020. With such great numbers looking to move into the already dense area, if there is not adequate room to sustain a higher population, China may reach its tipping point and begin to deteriorate quickly....   [tags: Urban area, City, Urban planning, Sustainability]

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1112 words | (3.2 pages) | Preview

urbanization in third world countries

- Urbanization and its effect on third world living conditions Urbanization is the spreading of cities into less populated agricultural areas. Most people would not think that this is necessarily a problem. They would say that it is good that the “developing countries” were becoming more developed. With urbanization comes factories and more jobs, so the people can make more money and be happier. Right. The problem is that these people must sacrifice their traditional lifestyles, for this new “Urbanism”(the way of life, attitudes, values, and patterns of behavior fostered by urban settings Knox 234)....   [tags: essays research papers fc]

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1296 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Sustainable Development Policies Can Reduce Urbanization Problems

- Cities all over the world are developing. This urbanization process is causing a number of problems and can be met by sustainable development policies. In the beginning, it is important to know what is the reason for urbanization. Most people move to the city because they want to get a better life. Another important term is a sustainable development. There are some definitions for sustainable development, but simply they say that sustainable development is a development which using resources now and preserving them for future generations (Adams, 1999, p.137)....   [tags: Sustainable Development Essays]

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1304 words | (3.7 pages) | Preview

Urbanization & Habitat Loss in the Fraser Valley as a Threat to Biodiversity

- We don’t often stop to consider the impact that simply living our human lives has on the other species that once called our neighbourhoods their home. The Fraser Valley, “one of the most important and complex ecosystems in the country” (Thom, p. 171), has been dramatically altered to make a more convenient landscape for housing and farming. In this process, critical habitat has been destroyed and many species that were once abundant have disappeared from our area (Cuthbert p. 24). Urbanization is ongoing and is thought to be the most significant threat to the incredible biodiversity found throughout British Columbia, and particularly the population-dense Lower Mainland (Harding, p....   [tags: Flora&Fauna, Salmon Lifecycle]

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Problems Generated by Industralization and Urbanization in Ontario Province

- Justification In Ontario province, Industrialization and Urbanization have generated a lot of problems. One such problem is Water Pollution, related to mining and industries, road salt, in drinking water, by vehicular emissions etc. The presence of mercury has also been noted in lakes and rivers. The Chlor-alkali plant of pulp and paper industry used mercury to produce chlorine, but now such plants are not working and the level of mercury in water bodies has been dropped since that time. [1] Mining affects the environment by water pollution as discharge of acidic drainage, metals, cyanide and suspended particles in water bodies....   [tags: canda, water pollution, drinking water]

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Urbanization and Human Influence

- Urbanization and Human Influence It is estimated that by the year 2000, half the world population will live in urban environments (Porter and Brown, 1996). The US Bureau of the Census defines an area as being urbanized if a central city and its closely settled surrounding territory are of a certain size with 50,000 people and density of at least 1,000 people per square mile (Knox, 1994). A component of the definition denotes that human influence is a main aspect of urbanized areas in the process of urbanization....   [tags: Environmental Geology Essays]

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Consensus vs. Urbanization

- Consensus vs. Urbanization The process of modernization contains many elements, which work together in many ways. The two elements that I will be discussing are consensus and urbanization. Consensus is when a group or groups of people come to an agreement with each other. Urbanization is the development of cities. Consensus makes the social forces stronger. Social forces strengthen with higher levels of consensus because more people are agreeing with each other. The social forces can now begin to agree on the things they want and most likely get the things they want....   [tags: Papers]

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761 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

Sub-urbanization in America

- Sub-urbanization in America AHousing is an outward expression of the inner human nature; no society can be understood apart from the residences of its members.@ That is a quote from the suburban historian Kenneth T. Jackson, from his magnificent piece on suburbanization Crabgrass Frontier. Suburbanization has been probably the most significant factor of change in U.S. cities over the last 50 years, and began 150 years ago. It represents Aa reliance upon the private automobile, upward mobility, the separation of the family into nuclear units, the widening division between work and leisure, and a tendency toward racial and economic exclusiveness.@ Overall it may represent the change in att...   [tags: Papers]

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3293 words | (9.4 pages) | Preview

To What Extent Can the Problems of Urbanization be Met by a Policy of Sustainable Development

- Introduction With the development of urbanization, an increasing number of social problems have emerged. These problems will decelerate the urban development, however, there are many ways in which sustainable development can reduce the impact of these urbanization problems. “Sustainable development seeks to improve the quality of human life without undermining the quality of our natural environment” (Adams, W.M. 1999). Actually, sustainable development can partly solve the urbanization problems, for it can reduce the impact of the problems such as traffic jam, housing shortage and severe pollution, but it is difficult to completely solve these problems in a short time....   [tags: Urban Population, Pollution]

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1338 words | (3.8 pages) | Preview

China in Transition

- Table of Content Chapter One 3 Summary 3 1.0 Current Economic Situation of China 3 1.1 Current Policy 3 1.1.1 One Child policy 3 1.1.2 Urbanization 4 1.3 Exports 5 Chapter Two 6 The analysis of the process for China in transition 6 2.0 The Analysis of China Current Economic Situation 6 2.1 Urbanization 7 Source of Money 8 Price of Real Estate 8 Household Registration System 9 2.2 Exports 9 2.3 The Human Capital Analysis 10 Future discussion 11 References 12 Chapter One Summary 1.0 Current Economic Situation of China As one of the largest countries, china may attract a lot of attentions from the westerner and major countries in the Asia....   [tags: urbanization essays]

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Human Activities: The Main Cause for Global Warming

- ‘Global warming’, also referred to as ‘climate change’ or the ‘anthropogenic greenhouse effect’, is defined as ‘the discernible increase in mean global temperature resulting from the release of greenhouse gases produced by human activities’ (McCright & Dunlap, 2000, p. 499). The IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) defines global warming as ‘any change in climate over time, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity’ (IPCC, 2007, p. 30). The mainstream climate scientists around the world have come to a consensus conclusion that the global warming is happening, posing a severe threat to the world, and is largely caused by human activities releasing greenho...   [tags: Climate, Weather, Urbanization]

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The Important of Cities in Roman Provinces

- Urbanization is defined as the “act of making urban in nature or character (Urbanization). An understanding of urbanization is central to understanding the components behind the Roman rule of Italy, and the process of bringing together different cultures. The operations, particularly of the elite, of the Roman society are essential in the understanding of urbanization as well. Cities then were not what they are today, in regards to economic assemblies. The Roman cities were as much an arena for social and political interaction, as they were for economic exchange....   [tags: Urbanization, Roman History]

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1172 words | (3.3 pages) | Preview

Transportation in Urban Communities: Traffic Problems

- The traffic problems that all of us have to face well known. This aspect of urban experience deserves a lot of attention and discussion. As this is a problem faced by all and sundry. As asked in the first question its importance will be explained and in what ways it affects the urban life. It would be difficult to imagine how life will be without transportation a movement of people. It affects the urban experience in many different ways. Road congestion is becoming so common that people take 1 hour to reach at a place where they can be reached in about 20 mins....   [tags: traffic, urbanization, transportation]

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773 words | (2.2 pages) | Preview

How Urbanization Led to the Development of New Forms of Political and Social Organizsations in the Middel Ages

- Urbanization in the Middle Ages led to the development of new forms of political and social organisations. Do you agree with this contention. Discuss in relation to communes and guilds. The urbanization that occurred during the Middle Ages, particularly in the low countries of Europe and northern Italy during the eleventh and twelfth centuries brought together large numbers of people in close proximity, fostering communal bonds which manifested themselves in the development of the medieval commune and the merchant and craft guilds....   [tags: history, sociology, medieval Europe]

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1431 words | (4.1 pages) | Preview

Benefits of the Market Revolution on the Economy

- Before the market revolution, American families were producing all of the goods they need in their homes or local communities. It was expensive to create goods, so people depended on trade. Since the market revolution, there has been a change in transportation, industrialization, and urbanization. Market Revolution was beneficial to every region in the states. The northeastern states became more industrialized and urban, the southern states gained more cotton and slavery benefits, and the western states became the new nation and improved in transportation and communication....   [tags: transportation, industrialization, urbanization]

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616 words | (1.8 pages) | Preview

Ireland's Growth As a Modern Society

- “Becoming a modern society is about industrialization, urbanization, and rising levels of literacy, education, and wealth. ”― Samuel P. Huntington Evolving as a nation comes with struggles, conflicts and the need to have an open mind when approaching and assessing various situations and options. Through evolution of a society comes the unsettling feeling of change, which many cannot embrace. With the term social modernization, social refers to a gathering or community of people and modernization is the movement from old to new but with reference to social science it is the process of urbanization and industrialization which in turn effects the lives of people....   [tags: evolution, urbanization, industrialization]

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1183 words | (3.4 pages) | Preview

The Devestating Causes of Water Pollution

- ... Many power plants dump their waste into rivers and other bodies of water without understanding the effects that it causes on the surrounding water supply (Skariyachan, et al). Some waste that comes from these industries is referred to as heavy or heavy water, this is because it contains high concentrations of metals that shouldn’t be in the water at those amounts (Kihampa). The metals/ elements include cadmium, lead, copper, zinc and chromium which have been found at much higher quotas than they should be at (Kihampa)....   [tags: urbanization, industrialization, agriculture]

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1652 words | (4.7 pages) | Preview

Child Labor During the Industrial Revolution

- Cotton production during the Industrial Revolution played an important role in English history. The revolution was brought on by the development of new technologies, which included the invention of machines capable of producing large amounts of cotton fabric. The resulting shift in cotton production from home to factory began in 1760 and was complete by about 1830. The industrialization of cotton production transformed England in many ways, including rapid urbanization and the introduction of children into the factory workforce....   [tags: cotton, urbanization, conditions]

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1585 words | (4.5 pages) | Preview

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