Your search returned over 400 essays for "theology"
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William of Ockham's Involvement in The Controversy in the Franciscan Order

- This paper briefly outlines William of Ockham’s life and taking a historical approach, special focus will be on his involvement in the controversy in the Franciscan Order. This will involve the background and circumstances at the time he thrived, the gist of the matter at hand, how he handles the issue, Outcome and consequences. General Observations will be outlined leading to the conclusion. William of Ockham was born at around 1287 in the village of Ockham in Surrey, East London in England. At a tender age of around 9 or 13 years Ockham was given to the Franciscan Order....   [tags: Theology]

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Reflection Paper on Living in the Land of Promise Article

- Have you ever wondered what true happiness is. Or what is living in a Promised Land like. Or just wondering how can a priest live a happy life if they are to give up on a lot of things. Or have you ever wondered of your purpose on life. On why we are all here on Earth. I believe, each and every one of us, is living in this world with a purpose. It may be a great or a simple one but we are all called by God to fulfill certain tasks. And as we fulfill whatever that task is, we should always be ready to face all sorts of challenges along the way....   [tags: Theology]

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Presuppositional Apologetics: The Moral Argument for the Existence of God

- A Christian apologetic method is a verbal defense of the biblical worldview. A proof is giving a reason for why we believe. This paper will address the philosophical question of God’s existence from the moral argument. The presuppositional apologetic method of Reformed thinkers Cornelius Van Til and John Frame will be the framework. Topics covered here could undoubtedly be developed in more depth, but that would be getting ahead, here is the big picture. Apologetics comes from the Greek word, ‘apologia’ meaning verbal defense....   [tags: Theology ]

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What are the effects of sin on an unredeemed person?

- Unredeemed humanity is on a run-away freight train careening down a slithering track at breakneck speed hurdling towards a 10’ thick brick wall. Their train has no brakes, the engineer is gone, and they are doomed. However, there is hope - they can be saved. All they have to do is reach out and take the hand of a Savior, but will they. We see the hand of the Savior reaching in through the windows of the train. He is desperately searching the train cars, His eyes are moving to and fro, His hand is darting in and out of the windows as He plucks each redeemed soul and holds them close to His bosom....   [tags: Theology ]

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Christian Religious Belief and the Grieving Process in Teenagers

- Abstract Whether a bright, idyllic, cloud-filled heaven, or the fiery depths of hell, most people have some perception of the afterlife. In most cases, one’s idea of the afterlife is based in some type of religious or spiritual belief system. Trust in a type of afterlife because of religious conviction can lead one to be less distraught after the passing of a person close to them due to the comfort in knowing that the deceased is in a “better place”. Having religion to fall back on as a type of emotional touchstone can keep one level headed in the grieving process....   [tags: Theology]

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God Utilizes Various Kinds of Counselors to Abet Others

- Some people struggle their entire lives, yet never understand the meaning for their anxiety and emotional pain. Whether they suffer from spiritual conflicts or other hindrances, it is crucial to find the right type of counselor in order to improve mental health. In his book, Discipleship Counseling, The complete guide to helping others walk in freedom and grow in Christ, Dr. Anderson defines anxiety as “a fear of the unknown or fear without an adequate cause” (2003, p. 50). Indeed, at times, we all tend to worry needlessly over things that are not within our power to control....   [tags: Theology]

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The Existence of God in an Objective Reality

- The existence of God has been hotly debated among scholars throughout the centuries, but what do we know and what can we prove. What do the predominant religious and nonreligious thinkers past and present have to say about the nature of God. Where do they agree and disagree. Is there common ground on attributes of God which we may all agree and if so, is it plausible that this God exists or has ever existed. In the following pages we will explore this broad ranging and vitally important topic. We will restrict our discussion to the philosophical beliefs about the nature of God, and will attempt to arrive at a generalization of what it means to be called God....   [tags: Theology]

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Do People Need To Prove That God Exists?

- Is it to be expected that we, as mere humans, have the ability to prove or disprove the existence of God. In general most would say that it is not possible to prove the existence of a non-corporeal being, given that we do not hold all of the conceivable actualities. The question as to whether or not Humans need to prove that God exists has been an ongoing topic discussed for centuries and will undoubtedly never end. Surprisingly, it is philosophically possible to prove that God exist, however there are those who say that it is possible to prove that God is imaginary....   [tags: Theology ]

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Scripture in Edwards’s development of Work of Redemption

- In this point we analyse fourteen Scriptural passages in relation to its function of Edwards’s development of Work of Redemption. In this research we focus where Edwards cites these texts, what is the context in the sermon, and the supportive argument for the Work of Redemption. In the Index of Biblical Passages of the Work of Redemption we notice the prominent presence of the references of Isaiah, Matthew and Revelations. Hence we review four texts of each of these books. 2.1 Sermon One “For the moth shall eat them up like a garment and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be forever and my salvation from generation to generation,” Isaiah 51:8....   [tags: theology]

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What Counts as Knowledge

- It has been asserted time and time again that theology has been promoted into the realms of academia where it really has no place. The apolistomialogical question at hand is, “What counts as knowledge?” The aforementioned assertion is based on the belief that theology is not an area of knowledge, that when it comes to theological concepts like “God”, one can’t really know anything. Religious studies are often times marginalized to the realm of faith. This type of epistemology stems from the belief that the study of religion has no basis in science; that its foundation is in ancient scripture and old-fashioned texts....   [tags: theology, culture, religious]

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Babies Born and unborn Bound for Heaven

- Babies Born and unborn Bound for Heaven. Psa 58:3 The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies. Psa 58:4 Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear; Psa 58:5 Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely. Rom 5:8 But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. This quote is from C.H. Spurgeon: I believe there will be more in Heaven than in hell....   [tags: Theology]

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The Results of Sin on the Unredeemed

- The unredeemed of humanity has jumped on a run-away freight train careening down a slithering track, winding around corners at breakneck speed, and it happens to be hurdling towards a 100’ thick brick wall. This train has no brakes, the engineer just died, and the passengers have a short time to live. However, hope abounds – someone can save them. Salvation reaches out to them, expressing love and compassion and exposing its power so save any of them would have just reach out. However, they must reach out in faith, and accept the salvation freely offered, but will they do it....   [tags: Theology ]

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Ontological Arguments for the Existence of God

- In the fifth Meditation, Descartes presents his second argument for the existence of God. Descartes holds that existence is perfection and so, it can be a predicate for God. I will first explain what is the ontological argument for the existence of God. Next, I will discuss why Descartes decides to bring God into His method of philosophy. I will then try to argue that existence is a perfection and that as a predicate for God, existence reveal certain true about God. Ontological argument tries to prove the existence of God from a priori perspective, i.e., idea implanted in the human mind by God himself....   [tags: Theology ]

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Christian Theory of Counseling

- Working Outline I. Introduction A comprehensive Christian theory of counseling integrates the disciplines of theology, psychology, and Scripture. In providing a holistic approach in to counseling individuals, it is prudent to survey one’s mind, body, soul, temporal systems, and super natural systems, in which all influence the person. A more complete plan of care may be offered when the contributions from both psychology and theology are offered. “The best interdisciplinary integration work usually comes from those who have formal or informal preparation in both psychology and theology” (McMinn, 2011, p....   [tags: care plan, personality, theology]

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Religion is a Set of Beliefs

- “Religion is a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considering religion as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies, usually involving devotional and ritual observances, and often containing a moral code governing the conduct of human affairs”, as stated by Webster’s dictionary.1 Religion is basically the belief in a higher being who controls the life of the people, and ultimately decides the fate of a being after death. There about 21 major religions today each with thousands of different denominations, this branched from under them....   [tags: Theology]

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Wesleyan Essentials in a Multicultural Society

- Chapter 8 – Holiness of Heart and Life: Sanctification 1. What are the distinctions and similarities between holiness and sanctification. Holiness is “the presence or character of God reflected especially in the quality of human beings’ moral and spiritual lives, while “sanctification”: is the process by which human being are made holy” (p. 79, Campbell and Burns). Wesley believed that there is an inward and outward holiness. Inward holiness is when the individual seek to reflect God’s love in their live....   [tags: Theology]

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Reflection Paper on God’s Covenant Article

- In nearly a few days from now, the great flood that struck and killed so many lives will be one its one year anniversary. Where were you when the tragedy Ondoy had brought to the Greater Manila Area happened. It was so tragic that it gave me so much fear, and had left me wondering on why these things happened to us. Were you as afraid as I am then. Are you still filled with questions on why things such as this tragic flood happen if God is really watching over us. Have you ever wondered if you are partly to blame for what happened....   [tags: Theology]

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The Resurrection Validates Who Jesus Is

- The Resurrection validates who Jesus is. If Jesus is not Resurrected everything about Him is invalidated. Furthermore, it invalidates who we are as followers of Christ; the passage where this truth is emphasized more than any other is in Paul’s writing of First Corinthians 15:12-19: Now if Christ is preached, that He has been raised from the dead, how do some among you say that there is no resurrection of the dead. But if there is no resurrection of the dead, not even Christ has been raised; and if Christ has not been raised, then our preaching is vain, your faith also is vain....   [tags: Theology ]

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St. Thomas Aquinas: Proving God's Existence

- Thomas Aquinas inherently affirmed in the teachings of the Catholic Church. Born in Italy in 1225 to a noble family, Thomas was one of at least nine children. He was a highly educated man, beginning his education at the Abbey of Monte Cassino, moving on to the University of Naples. Thomas had a strong belief in God and aspired to prove God’s actuality. During his life, Aquinas produced numerous works on the subject the most notable being the Summa contra Gentiles and the Summa Theologica . He leaves us a legacy as a great theologian and philosopher, often compared to Aristotle....   [tags: Theology]

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God's Faithfulness in the Old Testament

- Every author depicts information in light of purposes and themes. Sometimes these themes are moral issues, emotions, or existential concepts. In the case of the Old Testament, the authors wrote books that highlighted various ideas such as love, obedience, and suffering. Despite various subtopics, the Old Testament clearly demonstrates the theme of God’s faithfulness to his followers. To begin with, God’s faithfulness is displayed in the Pentateuch. One example is found in the opening chapters of Genesis....   [tags: Theology]

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Knowing Otherworldly Goodness Through Worldly Evils

- Humans come to understand experiences through the basic functions of the mind. The word "experience" refers not only to personal involvement in certain events, but also to anything that can be detected through the senses, ie: people, inanimate objects, and feelings. The ability to define, categorize, extend knowledge onto other things, and compare are the most fundamental functions. Without these functions, we could not gather knowledge from our experiences, nor could we arrive at any conclusions about their significance....   [tags: Theology]

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The Biography of Bonhoeffer

- The biography Bonhoeffer: Pastor, Martyr, Prophet, Spy showcases the vast contributions that Dietrich Bonhoeffer achieved during a life that was cut suddenly to short. Bonhoeffer is memorable for his activity within an anti-Nazi resistance, founding the Confessing Church, creating many new theological ideas, and being brave enough to enter back into a warzone to stop the ongoing eliminations of innocent people. Although, he was hung weeks before Germany surrendered and Adolf Hitler was conquered, Bonhoeffer left an important theological legacy....   [tags: theology, God, spirit]

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Moral Evil vs. Natural Evil

- Evil can be categorized into two forms, moral evil and natural evil. Moral evil is brought about by bad choices that stem from our free will. Natural evil is bad things that happen to people, whether they deserve them or not. The problem with evil is, “Either we must say that God is not wholly good, and that he permits or is even the author of evil. Or we must say that God is not omnipotent, and although he is wholly good and would prevent evil if he could, he is powerless to stop it.” (Fitzgerald 340)....   [tags: Theology]

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The Imago and Imitatio Dei

- The first biblical passage that speaks of man practically shouts that he is created in the image of God. Evangelical scholarship on the image of God has mainly concentrated on the Genesis texts, which has often led to speculation about the ontological identity of the image. However, there is a much richer reading which does not care so much to ask, “What is the image of God?” but “What does it mean to carry the image of God?” This reading draws from the witness of both the Old and New Testaments, discovering that the restoration of the image becomes a central theme in the New Testament, taking on eschatological significance....   [tags: Theology]

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Live Abiding By The Word

- The significance of water baptism possesses paralytic similarities that relate to the spiritual death and burial of the old man. The word buried mentioned in verse 4, is rendered in the Greek translation as “sunthapto, pronounced soo-thap’-to; to inter in company with, as in a figurative sense, to assimilate spiritually: bury with.” Sunthapto derives from the Greek word “sun”, pronounced soon; it is a primary root word denoting union; with or together, as in by association, or companionship.” The Greek translation mentioned above relates to the burial of Christ Jesus....   [tags: Theology]

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The Life of the Word

- Moreover, these are hidden things, secret things that are not revealed unto common carnal man, but revealed unto individuals who are the image and likeness of God; those in whom He lives. This is regarding those who are peculiar, a whole new species of beings if I may say; a whole other race of people who live by the reality (revelation) of the realm of the Spirit of God. Although they are in this world, they are not subjected and governed by the reality of this carnal earthly realm. Many are familiar with the saying, “you’re to heavenly minded until you’re no earthly good.” This makes no sense, because if the world will ever have any good, it is going to need someone who is heavenly minded...   [tags: Theology]

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The Sacrament of the Altar

- The body and blood of our Lord, Jesus Christ, is given to us though the holy sacrament of communion. The Lutheran confessions practice two sacraments, baptism and Holy Communion, also known as the Lord’s Supper or the Sacrament of the Altar (198, Luther’s Small Catechism). “A sacrament is a sacred act instituted by God, in which God Himself has joined His Word of promise to a visible element, and by which He offers, gives, and seals the forgiveness of sins earned by Christ” (197, Luther’s Small Catechism)....   [tags: Theology ]

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A Rational Case for Jesus

- Is Jesus of Nazareth the son of God. Did Jesus of Nazareth even exist. There are really four main views on these questions. Many people simply answer no to the second question and leave it at that. Other people say that yes, Jesus of Nazareth did exist historically, but they believe he was simply a good moral teacher. Some other people agree that Jesus existed, but instead of him being merely a moral teacher they see him as a prophet of God. The final group of people answer yes to both questions....   [tags: Theology ]

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The Judgment Seat of Christ

- The Judgment Seat of Christ Introduction Through the death and resurrection of Jesus, death, suffering and sin have lost its power over humanity. It has opened to humanity the reality of the life to come after this life on earth. This hope, which the redemptive act of Christ gives, brings men and women to the reality that life here on earth is the beginning of persons’ journey towards God. In this way, life’s journey starts from, begins with, and ends with God. However, as the images of eschatology fortifies hope for the things to come, it also poses a challenge for Christians to constantly take a re-look into their inner lives as well as in their actions because in the “Second Advent and i...   [tags: Theology ]

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God's Journey with the Israelites

- In the book of Exodus in the Hebrew Old Testament, an incredible story can be seen of an all-powerful God who works in the lives of humans that He specifically calls His own. These people, named the Israelites, after one of their ancestors, Israel, are enslaved to the Egyptian people, forced to do immense amounts of manual labor. God uses the harsh environment and obstacles to teach the Israelites many different things before rescuing them from the Egyptians. God ultimately attempts to teach the Israelites three major ideas: faithfulness, sin before God, and holiness....   [tags: Theology]

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Real Truth is Never Surreal

- When World War I was unleashed in 1914, it shocked, upset, and unsettled people. Much the people of the French Revolution (1789-1795), people of Berlin (who were being subjected to many rules and regulations) wanted to throw off the oppression. Just as in the French Revolution, the people thought that the only way to gain the feeling of freedom was to revolt in every area of their lives, an act that gave birth to the movement of Dadaism. Dadaists believed that sound thoughts and organized processes were the cause of the war, so the Dadaists created art that seemed out of order and almost illogical (Kleiner 835)....   [tags: Theology ]

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The Doctrine of Predestination

- The Doctrine of Predestination “In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.”1 Arguably, this verse from Genesis is one of the most well known verses in the Bible aside from John 3:16. It is a universal Christian belief that God created the world and all of its inhabitants, making Him all-powerful. As Christians recognize God’s omnipotence, they also acknowledge that God is all-knowing. Although Christians in general recognize God’s omniscience, there is internal debate regarding how far this omniscience goes, specifically in regards to the doctrine of predestination and election....   [tags: christian, calvinism, theology]

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Albrecht Ritschl

- Introduction Albrecht Ritschl was one of the most pivotal theologians in the history of Christianity. While many charge him with introducing ideas that led to a more liberal theology, his intentions were nevertheless honorable. Ritschl lived in a time where Christianity was no longer considered relevant or feasible, and his reinterpretations were an attempt to keep Christianity applicable to modern society. His defenses, however, often resulted in a corruption of doctrine and left Christianity open to attack....   [tags: Christian Theology]

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God's Role in Suffering

- People have turned to God amidst suffering for thousands of years. Even today, it is quite common to hear that someone will be “prayed for” during times of hardship or struggle. Despite all of this, most people struggle when confronted with the image of God in suffering. People see God as a transcendent being who wields complete control yet allows heinous acts to occur. This false image of God can confuse people and create an enmity between them and God. However, people must understand that God is powerless in suffering....   [tags: Theology]

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Beyond a Reasonable Doubt

- As surely as the possibility of God’s existence is self-evident to mankind, so it seems is the possibility of His non-existence. While virtually every culture throughout history has believed in at least one deity, the arguments for and against the existence of Christianity’s God have raged on for centuries. In his Institutes, John Calvin argued that God planted the knowledge of His existence in the heart of every man, saying: That there exists in the human mind, and indeed by natural instinct, some sense of Deity, we hold to be beyond dispute, since God himself, to prevent any man from pretending ignorance, has endued all men with some idea of his Godhead, the memory of which he constantly r...   [tags: Theology]

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Looks Like A Deacon…

- Many church denominations use members in positions called deacons. As varied as denominations are, so too are the duties and responsibilities of these deacons. By observing their functions in different churches we might ask ourselves some basic questions to understand them and their function. Some of the questions I ask myself are: Where do deacons come from. What are their purposes. When did the church first start using deacons. Are the servants identified in Acts the start of the deacons in the church....   [tags: Theology]

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The Doctrine of Christology

- Of all the debates that concern the Christian faith, the most important lies in the understanding of the very one whom the faith professes to follow: Jesus Christ. Who was Jesus Christ, and what did He do here on this earth. In noting the importance of these issues the apostle Paul goes so far as to make the startling claim that the Christian faith is useless if predicated on a false assumption of Christ’s saving work (1 Cor. 15:14). Indeed, there are no truths more central to our faith than the personhood and work of Jesus Christ, and yet serious disagreements exist regarding the nature of these tenets....   [tags: Theology]

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The Gospel of Christ

- Paul wrote this letter in response to some who were promoting a different gospel (1:6) than the one he presented at a previous visit to this area. Are there other "gospels" being promoted in our culture today. How can they be recognized. What distinguishes the gospel of Christ from these other gospels. Before I begin to discuss the other “gospels” being promoted in “our” culture, I would like to discuss the cultural tension that scripted and introduced the different gospel to the Galatians, in order to form a parallel to today....   [tags: Theology ]

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Satan Attacks the Family

- PROPOSITION: Every Christian needs to be aware of the fact that Satan is trying to destroy all of the families of the Earth. OBJECTIVE: Show the audience what Satan is doing to the family, and how we can overcome his attacks. INTRODUCTION: 1. What is our present condition in relation to the family. 2. What is the spiritual status of our families in this country. 3. In this lesson we will discussed the following points: a. Why Satan is against the family. b. How Satan is attacking the family c. How Christians can withstand Satan’s attack against the family 4. g I....   [tags: Theology]

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The Kingdom of God

- The Kingdom of God God’s goodness and mercy far transcends the comprehension of the most brilliant human mind. He “who stoops down to look on the heavens and the earth”(Psalm 113:6).Yet in His infinite love for us He stoops down to reveal Himself to us by a multitude of illustration, types, and shadows, so that we may learn to know him. This paper will describe what is meant by the Kingdom of God; examine the religious philosophy of the various sects of Judaism during the Second Temple period: Pharisee, Sadducees, Essenes, and Zealots, describe the religious philosophy and political philosophy of each sects, it will also describe how the Messianic expectation differ from the Messianic role t...   [tags: Theology ]

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Holy Sacraments - Baptism

- The Lutheran faith defines a sacrament as being, “A sacred act instituted by God, in which God Himself has joined His Word of promise to a visible element, and by which he offers, gives, and seals the forgiveness of sins earned by Christ.” With this narrow description of a sacrament within the Lutheran church, Dr. Martin Luther constricted the number of sacraments from seven, which was what the Roman Catholic Church had taught, to two; The Lord’s Supper and Holy Baptism. Luther put a heavy emphasis on reading the Bible and the two sacraments that the Lutheran tradition holds are both clearly present and strongly supported within the text of the Bible....   [tags: Theology ]

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Women Ordained As Priests

- The Roman Catholic Church has without fail refused to ordain women as Priests; this practice dates back centuries. B.A. Robinson states, “The Pope has declared as infallible the teaching that the Church cannot ordain women to the priesthood now or at any other time in the future.” (Robinson) I think the ordination of women to the priesthood should be allowed for the following reasons there is no scriptural evidence in support of exclusion; Jesus’ choosing all male Apostles did set the tone for future denial of women in a leadership role....   [tags: Theology ]

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An Interpretation of Zephaniah

- Interpreting scripture is necessary to Christian life, whether a Christian is seeking leadership in ministry or simply trying to gain understanding of scripture. Whatever end of the spectrum one falls on it is essential to interpret scripture correctly. There is a certain method to interpreting that will lead the interpreter towards success, this is the hermeneutical method. This method looks at the text of study then moves to the chapter it is in, then the book, testament, other testament, and finally the entire message of the Bible....   [tags: Theology]

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Athanasius on God as Creator and Recreator

- In the study of the ancient Church Fathers, you cannot avoid studying Athanasius. He was the first Church Father to really understand and articulate a theology of the Trinity and its mutual love towards Creation. As well, the development of his Trinitarian theology came at a crucial time in Christian thought. Athanasius was influential in refuting the Arian controversy which had Christ as a lesser being than the Father. Understanding the theology of Athanasius is essential to understanding who he was as a person....   [tags: theology, church father, Trinity, platonism]

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Jonathan Edwards

- Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758) is widely recognized as one of America’s most profound Theologians. Some might even consider him the master of Puritan revival, since he was the leader of the Great Awakening. During his time he was a devout Calvinist who had the power of single-handedly keeping the Puritan faith strong for over twenty-five years, by using vivid imagery to provoke his audience. Edward's dialect was exquisitely influential and yet wielded with class and ease. This essay argues that Edwards was a prestigious theologian in his time that helped shape modern religious culture....   [tags: Christian Theology]

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An Assesment of God the Almighty

- For this class we were provided with three different books to help us develop our understanding of the doctrine of God in the Christian faith and Muslim faith. Two of the books focused individually on the two faiths, and the third is how a Christian might explain and understand the Muslim faith from their perspective. The benefit of having all three of the works is that there is full coverage of all topics, including a valuable perspective from an Islamic scholar. Assessment of God the Almighty In God the Almighty: Power, Wisdom, Holiness, Love author Donald Bloesch provides a graduate level study of the attributes of God....   [tags: christian faith, theology, muslin faith]

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Religious Higher Education

- There are many certificate and diploma programs in Religious Higher Education, but there has not been any research done into these programs and their effectiveness. There has been research into other educational certificates, such as vocational certificates, but not specifically religious educational certificates (Bosworth, 2010; Clark, 2002). It is the goal of this study to determine the ultimate applicability of religious education certificates and diplomas to the real world and the job market....   [tags: theology, ministry, Christian]

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Schools of Thought in Chrisitanity

- Christianity has a rich history rife with division over the Scriptures. Many of these differences come from improperly interpreting scripture sections, or omitting parts of scripture from theology. Three major schools of thought exist in Christianity, Evangelicalism, Theological Liberalism, and Neo-Orthodoxy. This paper will provide an in-depth analysis of all three schools of thought, comparing and contrasting them, analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of each one, provide an opinion by the author on which school of thought is best, and provide reflections from the author about his personal lifestyle....   [tags: theology,liberalism, evangelicalism, neo-orthodoxy]

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Pilgrim's Progress: The Theology of Justification by Faith

- The Pilgrim's Progress by John Bunyan tells the story of Christian, a deeply religious man whose self-imposed pilgrimage takes him through a variety of locations in his quest to reach Celestial City. However, to better understand Bunyan's perspective on Christianity as given in his novel, we must examine the life experiences of the author. Born in 1628, Bunyan lived in a time period that was undoubtedly heavily influenced by the Reformation movement incited by Martin Luther only a century earlier....   [tags: European Literature]

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The Church as the People of God

- What is the church. This can be a very deep question, or a rather simple one depending on one’s context, theology, and general understanding of Scripture and faith. From my personal experience, most members of the congregations I grew up in if asked this question would point to the church building or sanctuary. This is not that surprising in my opinion when we consider the gorgeous monuments we have built as houses for God. As a child, I would have answered the exact same way as most people in a congregation, and it was not until later in my adulthood that I came to understand “the church” not as a physical building, but as much more....   [tags: Church, Religion, God, Beliefs, Theology]

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Missional Action Plan

- A quick search on will yield a myriad of book titles from the search that targets titles, subtitles, or themes that include the word “missional.” Just in the last two years there have been atleast ten books written, 1) Seven Levers : Missional Strategies for Conferences by Robert Schnase, 2) Sentness : Six Postures of Missional Christians by Kim Hammond, 3) Soul Whisperer : Why the Church Must Change the Way it Views Evangelism by Gary Comer, 4) Who is the Church. : an Ecclesiology for the Twenty-First Century by Cheryl Peterson, 5) Created and Led by the Spirit : Planting Missional Congregations edited by Mary Sue Dehmlow Dreier, 6) Reformed Means Missional : Following Jesus Int...   [tags: Church, Theology, Religion]

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The Place of Scripture in Christian Faith

- As part of revivals in Christian faith during 18th century onward three practices evolved into their own interpretation on the place and authority of Scripture in the Christian faith. The first of these were the Liberals who “viewed themselves as the saviors of a defunct out of date Christianity” (Bingham 149). Their founder, Friedrich Schleiermacher an 18th century pastor, “did not view traditional, authoritative doctrines, creeds and biblical texts as the preeminent sources in theology (150). Instead the Liberal perspective of Christianity put more emphasis on the doctrines of sin and grace and less attention on the holiness of the trinity (Kerr 213)....   [tags: evangelism, neo-orthodox, theology, bible]

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Cyril of Alexandria

- “And the Word became flesh and dwelt among us.” John 1: 14. The verse that has inspired and bewildered Christians for centuries. Since its occurrence, church members and theologians have marveled at the principle of the Incarnation. How could God, perfect, sinless, unable to suffer, become sinful, corruptible flesh, and suffer ultimate punishment for the sins of man. This is the same question that puzzled many early church fathers, and the one that most potently effected Cyril, bishop of Alexandria....   [tags: theology, church, Christianity, controversy]

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Nonsense is Nonsense

- If God can do anything, can he make a rock so big that he can't move it. "...nonsense remains nonsense even when we talk it about God" - C.S. Lewis Isn't it amazing when otherwise intelligent people become self-contradicting lunatics when we talk religion. Why does that happen. I've got a couple of thoughts. First, often in religion, what I say/believe is tainted by what I want to be true. Now that's not the case in Mathematics. In Math, I'm not tempted to believe 2+2 is 5 because I want it to be 5....   [tags: Theology]

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God or Nothing

- God. Quite possibly the most debated question in the history of the world, and the most critical question to any individual. Is he or is he not. The answer guides your lifestyle. And, considering the sheer claims of God, guides your after-life (if there is such a thing). Introduction Properly understanding the question begins by reducing it to the possible answers: God is, and God is not. Let's call them "God" and "anti-God." While many facets lay claim on this debate, these are the most elemental....   [tags: Theology]

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Come, Follow Me

- “We are all seekers, people who are searching for some measure of happiness and fulfillment.” (Lamoureux, 1) Humans naturally have an appetite or hunger for things like food, drink and money. Humans also have desires that seek satisfaction. We want to be as satisfied as possible. Humans want to know their purposes in life and finally be able to reach that ultimate goal or obstacle and complete it. In this completion, a human finds their ultimate meaning or value. When thinking of where your morality is derived from and what rules you set for yourself, your mind tends to wonder....   [tags: Theology ]

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Old Testament Missions

- MISSIONS IN THE OLD TESTAMENT “Missions is the heart of God and the over all messege for all believers and is also he theme of the Bible."1 This missions unites all sixty-six books in the Bible. Paul makes known the mystery of the gospel Ephesians 3:6 stemming from the Old Testament, that it is also for the gentiles and not limited to the Jews only. From the very beginning of creation the gentiles, or all peoples not Jews, have been a part of the saving grace of the Lord. The apostle's understood this plan and is evident in their writings....   [tags: Theology ]

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The Empty Tomb

- With Easter hopping quickly towards us, the origins of the holiday could come to mind; there had to be some other reason for starting the celebration besides getting chocolate bunnies and coloring eggs. For some, it goes back to the time of Rome as the world power and one event. Jesus Christ of Nazareth rose from the dead. There has been speculation since the very day it happened, if Jesus Christ really rose from the dead. Questions have been circulated such as: did He even really die or just pass out on the cross with the cold air of the tomb woke him up....   [tags: Theology ]

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Creation vs. Evolution

- Today many scientists would have people to believe that evolution is the only reasonable explanation of the universe. Scientists, like Stephen Hawking, claim that they have proved that evolution is the correct answer to the origins of life and the universe, yet evolution is still a theory. This problem occurs because evolution is not the only answer. In fact, the creation theory offers a more feasible answer to the origins of the universe than the evolution theory does. Creation has the backings of the Bible, an extraordinarily credible book; where evolution provides a theory with many holes in it....   [tags: Theology]

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Omnipotence of God

- Introduction In the construction of the Large Hardon Collider, physicists seek and hope to unlock the mysteries of the universe by analyzing the attributes of the most miniscule particles known to man. In the same way, theologians have argued back and forth over the course of human history with regards to the divine attributes of God, seeking and hoping to unlock the mysteries of the metaphysical universe. Although these many attributes, for example omnipresence, could be debated and dissected ad nauseum, it is within the scope of this research paper to focus but on one of them....   [tags: Theology ]

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Aquinas on Invidivduality

- One must approach Summa Theologica with the understanding that the supreme mind thought the world, which is to say; the world is a product of divine thought. We will base our investigation of his work off this principle, the creative ability of divine thought. In so far as the human is concerned, Saint Aquinas made some rather - for the time - radical claims. Aquinas declares that humans possess two things that are not alike between any two men. The soul, and the active intellect, both he says “are multiplied according to the number of men” (Summa Theologica, 74)....   [tags: Theology]

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Purpose of Ruth

- The Book of Ruth, although one of the smallest books in the Old Testament, has many values displayed in its mere four chapters. Throughout the book, readers are shown the struggle of Ruth and her mother-in-law, Naomi, as they try to survive in a patriarchal world. In chapter one Ruth and Naomi’s initial endeavor is revealed. Both Naomi and Ruth’s husbands die and they are left abandoned, but together, after Ruth refuses to leave Naomi. By chapter two Naomi and Ruth have made it to Bethlehem and Ruth encounters Boaz for the first time while gleaning in his fields....   [tags: Theology]

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Behemoth and Leviathan

- Britannica classifies the Leviathan as a sea serpent that represents Israel’s enemies and the Behemoth as a powerful hippopotamus. But what are they really. Do they have a deeper meaning. Or are they simply animals that walked the earth. Both of these creatures appear in the book of Job. The Leviathan is also found in other places throughout the Bible in Psalm, Revelation, Isaiah and even sources of mythology. However, the Behemoth is only found in Job 40:14-24. These creatures have puzzled Christians for a number of years, and due to their air of mystery, a lot of self-interpretation goes along with these creatures....   [tags: Theology ]

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The Synoptic Gospels

- The Synoptic Gospels are composed of the gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke. These three gospels covered many of the same stories; yet, they disagree with each other on various details within certain stories. Also, numerous events that are in Mark, is not in Matthew or Luke and vice versa. Many historians have concluded that Mark was the first of the three gospels written and that Matthew and Luke used Mark as a source to their own gospels. The Synoptic Gospels were first written in Greek, which would suggest to some ambiguity within Mark, Matthew, and Luke due to certain perceptions and translations within the Greek language....   [tags: Theology]

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The Concept of Transcendence in Heidegger

- The Concept of Transcendence in Heidegger ABSTRACT: The history of Heideggerian commentaries confront us with a string of parallel concepts: metaphysics and theology, onto-theology and Christian theology, thought and faith, Being and God, and so on. It should also be noted that these different dual concepts have served, in various ways, several strategies for the interpretation of Heidegger. These various strategies are summarized as follows: the relation between philosophy and theology in the thought of Heidegger is threefold and should be read to the rhythm of his thinking according to the themes of facticity and transcendence....   [tags: God Religion Theology Essays]

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St. Basil Book Report

- In the teaching on the Holy Trinity, St. Basil was a student of Alexandrian theology and its main representatives—Origen and Athanasius of Alexandria. The reason St. Basil wrote this teaching is that the Church was waging a war against heresies of Pneumatomachoi and Neo-Arians. St. Basil wrote the work On the Holy Spirit between 373 and 375 AD. It was written to “Your desire for information, my right well-beloved and most deeply respected brother Amphilochius, I highly commend, and not less your industrious energy.” The author commends his brother’s eagerness to find knowledge....   [tags: Holy Trinity, Alexandrian Theology, Analysis]

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Integrative Approaches to Pyschology and Thelology by David Entwistle

- David Entwistle’s Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity David Entwistle's (2010) Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity is geared more towards Christians with conservative evangelical views and provides the reader an outline to different worldview disputes and truth-seeking groundwork that surround the connection that underlies psychology and theology. In addition to analyzing the possible connection of psychology and theology, Entwisle discusses the consideration of integrating Christian faith with the practice of psychology....   [tags: christianity, education]

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Biography of J. Gresham Machen

- Biography of J. Gresham Machen John Gresham Machen was born in Baltimore, Maryland on July 28th 1881 to parents Arthur Webster and Mary Hones Gresham. From an early age Machen was taught lessons of the bible and of Jesus. His family attended a Presbyterian church called Franklyn Street Presbyterian. (Wikipedia) Machen's father was a lawyer and therefore Machen was considered to be brought up in a rather privileged home. He attendee a private college where he was educated in classics such a Greek and Latin....   [tags: Biography Theology Religion Machen]

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The Concept of Happiness In Light of Al Farabi & Al Ghazzali’s Work

-             It is said that happiness is a feeling that lies in the clarity of the soul, tranquility of the heart, and peace of the mind. However it is also said that happiness is the actual sense of fulfillment that arises from hard work and self-actualization. It is an intangible state of mind that all humans aim to conquer. Sometimes people tend to associate happiness with something familiar, with what they lack or fail to maintain, for if they fall ill, it would be health and if they were short of money, it would be wealth....   [tags: fulfillment, state of mind, Islamic theology, God]

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Judaism and Christianity

- In a tree of monotheistic religions, Judaism and Christianity, despite sharing common roots and spiritual tradition associated with Abraham, for many centuries diverged and developed in their own distinct ways. The partition, based on different theological doctrines, evolves around the idea of the nature of human relationships with God, which in case of Judaism are based on the Law of Torah, and in Christianity stem from the belief in Jesus Christ and its cornerstone – the doctrine of Trinity....   [tags: religion, monotheism, theology, identity, doctrine]

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Postmodernism and Social Praxis

- Postmodernism and Social Praxis Whereas the interpreter is obliged to go to the depth of things, like an excavator, the moment of interpretation [genealogy] is like an overview, from higher and higher up, which allows the depth to be laid out in front of him in a more and more profound visibility; depth is resituated as an absolutely superficial secret.(18) So those are the changes, and I try to show those changes...(19) In Communities of Resistance and Solidarity, as well as in A Feminist Ethic of Risk, Sharon D....   [tags: Ethics Feminism Theology Essays]

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The Modern Era's Central Tensions in the Roman Catholic Church

- The Modern Era's Central Tensions in the Roman Catholic Church In his narrative of the time from the French Revolution to the present in Church History: Twenty Centuries of Catholic Christianity of the Roman Catholic Church, John C. Dwyer makes it apparent that he has several goals in mind for where the church ought to end up, and his account gives us a sense that it is all leading up to these goals. They are largely accomplished by the time he gets to the Second Vatican Council, though in some ways they are left undone even at the end....   [tags: Religion Theology Essays]

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Teleological Argument for the Existence of God

- This paper will examine the argument put forward by William Paley in 1802, in his Natural Theology. Paley offers an argument from design that purports to show a clear and distinct reason why one should hold a belief in God, due to the inherent features of the world. It is attempted in this paper to firstly: show that the argument should be rejected on the grounds of lacking a rationally flowing set of premises and conclusions; and secondly: that the criticisms made by David Hume concerning the argument hold more weight than is generally granted by other philosophers, and should have convinced one even before the advent of Darwinian theory....   [tags: Natural Theology, William Paley]

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Islam and Anti-Semitism: A Conflicting Set of Stories

- REL-222-01 11 Nov 2013 Islam and Anti-Semitism: A Conflicting Set of Histories History provides us with few disputes as entangled as Jewish-Muslim relations. Though it was not always such a pervasive problem, it has compiled into one of the most divisive, exclusive, and problematic debates of the current era. Countless scholars have attempted to interpret the Muslim outlook towards the Jewish people. Islamic anti-Semitism is one of the greatest oversimplified nuances of the modern Middle East and of Islamic theology....   [tags: Muslims, Jews, Middle East, theology, hostility]

Research Papers
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Satan, the Core of Milton´s Paradise Lost

- The great debate whether Satan is the hero of Milton’s Epic Poem, Paradise Lost, has been speculated for hundreds of years. Milton, a writer devoted to theology and the appraisal of God, may not have intended for his portrayal of Satan to be marked as heroic. Yet, this argument is valid and shares just how remarkable the study of literature can be. Milton wrote his tale of the fall of man in the 1674. His masterpiece is an example of how ideas of a society change with time. This is because it wasn’t until the 1800’s during the Romantic era, that people no longer saw the hero of literary works as perfect in every way....   [tags: theology, hero, poetry, Heaven vs Hell]

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Understanding Mary and Who Jesus is in Mary Mother of Jesus

- The following essay will answer the question of Mary's understanding of her role and her understanding of who Jesus was and who he was going to be. Mary, at times in this movie was extremely confused about things that were happening to her. For example, the first time that God talked to her she was confused; she didn't know what was going on. Mary had no clue whether to ignore the voice or believe it. Another example was when Mary was at the Inn giving birth to Jesus. God spoke to Mary and told her to name her son Jesus....   [tags: Theology]

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Christians Should Not Try to Make Others Accept their Decisions

- I agree that Christians believe that life is up to them as God gave us a conscience and free will. The church teaches that; ‘… all people can be forgiven and given a free start.’ This is a perfect example what Christians, even if they make wrong decisions can be forgiven such as their beliefs about life. Also; ‘… God has mapped out our lives even before conception.’ God therefore if he has mapped out our lives he will know what we believe about life. Many Christians believe that life is a gift and it has dignity....   [tags: Theology]

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Peter Lombard

- Although he is one of the most important Theologians of his time, little information is known of him. He was probably born in Northern Italy at Lumellogno in Navarre at around 1100 He attended Bologna possibly Vercelli, France to study first in Reins and then in Paris. He was then elected bishop of Paris in 1159; he soon died a year later. Peter was an Italian theologian and bishop of Paris, his Four Books of Sentences became the main theological handbook of the Middle Ages. He was a student at Paris, where he was the student of the French philosopher Peter Abelard....   [tags: middle ages, the sentences, theology]

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Personal Perspective on the Science Versus Religion Debate

- Personal Perspective on the Science Versus Religion Debate In Alfred North Whitehead’s “Religion and Science”, he nullifies the argument between the religious factions and scientists of the world by eliminating all grounds for the argument. Although debated to the “ends of the Earth”, Whitehead points out that these two subjects are actually based upon events that are unrelated. He states “Science is concerned with the general conditions which are observed to regulate phenomenon; whereas religion is wholly wrapped up in the contemplation of moral and aesthetic values”(Whitehead, Religion and Science)....   [tags: Theology]

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The Christian Covenant in the Modern World

- There is a famous children's game called telephone, the object of the game is that one person starts a message and it is whispered to the next person and so on. By the end of the entire sequence, the message is generally mixed up and often makes almost no sense at all. However, this children's game appears to have the same idea and outcome as globalization. As ideas, customs and cultures are moved from one nation to the next; they are often construed and appear to be different. Chris Waterman, Dean of the School of Arts and Architecture at UCLA, has done case studies on this idea....   [tags: Theology]

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